|浜松市 · Hamamatsu Ceety|
|• Mayor||Yasutomo Suzuki|
|Population (Februar 2009)|
|• Density||538/km2 (1,390/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Staundart Time (UTC+9)|
|- Bird||Japanese Bush Warbler|
|Address||103-2 Motoshiro-chō, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu-shi, Shizuoka-ken
|Website||Ceety o Hamamatsu|
Hamamatsu (浜松市 Hamamatsu-shi ) is a ceety locatit in wastren Shizuoka Prefectur, Japan. On 1 Julie 2005, the ceety mergit wi 11 surroondin ceeties an touns. It became a ceety designatit bi govrenment ordinance on 1 Aprile 2007.
Table o contents
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Wairds
- 4 Tourism
- 5 Industry
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Festivals
- 8 Notable fowk
- 9 Radio stations
- 10 Colleges an universities
- 11 Sports teams
- 12 Internaitional relations
- 13 References
- 14 Freemit airtins
History[edit | edit source]
The aurie nou comprisin Hamamatsu haes been settled syne prehistoric times, wi numerous remains frae the Jomon period an Kofun period haein been discovered athin the present ceety limits, includin the Akamonue Kofun in wha is nou present-day Hamakita-ku In the Nara period, it became the caipital o Tōtōmi Province. Durin the Sengoku period, Hamamatsu Castle wis the hame o futur Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu. Hamamatsu flourished durin the Edo period unner a succession o daimyo rulers as a castle toun, an as a post toun on the Tōkaidō. Efter the Meiji Restoration, Hamamatsu became a short-livit prefectur frae 1871–1876, efter which it wis unitit wi Shizuoka Prefecture. The Tōkaidō Main Line railway opened Hamamatsu Station in 1889. The same year, in a cadastal reform o Japan, Hamamatsu became a toun.
- 1 Julie 1911 - Hamamatsu is upgradit frae a toun tae a ceety.
- 1918 - Rice Riots o 1918 affect Hamamatsu
- 1921 - The village of Tenjinchō merges with Hamamatsu
- 1926 - Imperial Japanese Airmy Hamamatsu Air Base opens
- 1933 - Imperial Japanese Airmy Flicht Schuil opens.
- 1936 - The veelages o Hikuma an Fujizuka merge wi Hamamatsu
- 7 December 1944 - Tonankai Earthquake causes hintle damage
- June 1945 - Hamamatsu lairgely destroyed bi US air raids
- 1948 - Hamamatsu Incident, ethnic riotin Zainichi Korean residents.
- 1951 - The veelages o Aratsu, Goto, Kawarin merge wi Hamamatsu
- 1954 - Aicht veelages in Hamana Destrict merge wi Hamamatsu
- 1955 - The veelage o Miyakoda merges wi Hamamatsu
- 1957 - The veelage o Irino merges wi Hamamatsu
- 1960 - The veelage o Seto merges wi Hamamatsu
- 1961 - The veelage o Shinohara merges wi Hamamatsu
- 1965 - The veelage o Shonai merges wi Hamamatsu
- May 1, 1990 - Hamamatsu Arena opened.
- 1 Januar 1991- The veelage o Kami in Hamana Destrict merges wi Hamamatsu.
- 1 Aprile 1991- The first Hamamatsu International Piano Competition wis held.
- 1 Mey 1994 - Act Ceety Hamamatsu opened.
- 1 October 1995 - Hamamatsu Museum o Musical Instruments opened.
- 1 Aprile 1996 - Hamamatsu is designatit a core ceety bi the central govrenment.
- 1 Juin 1996 - Hamamatsu Ceety Fruit Pairk opened.
- 1 Januar 1997 - Stairtit separatit collection o garbage in residential auries.
- 1 Aprile 1997 - Hamamatsu is designatit as an Omnibus Toun.
- 1 Aprile 1998 - Act Ceety Muisical Schuil opened.
- 3 Aprile 2000 - Shizuoka University o Airt an Cultur opened.
- 1 Julie 2001 - Commemoratit the ceety's 90t anniversary.
- 1 August 2002 - Launched the conference on Pan-Hamanako Designated Ceety Simulation.
- 1 Aprile 2003 - Shizuoka New Kawafuji National High School Competition was held.
- 1 Juin 2003 - Launched Tenryūgawa-Hamanako Region Merger Conference.
- 8 Aprile - 11 October 2004 - Pacific Flora 2004 (Shizuoka International Garden an Horticultur Exhibition) wis held at Hamanako Garden Park.
- 1 Julie 2005 - Hamamatsu mergit wi Hamakita an Tenryū; Inasa, Hosoe, an Mikkabi in Inasa Destrict (resultin in the destrict's dissolution); Yūtō an Maisaka in Hamana Destrict; Sakuma, Misakubo, an Tatsuyama in Iwata Destrict (dissolvit as a result an aw); an Haruno in Shūchi Destrict.
- 1 Aprile 2007 - Hamamatsu became a ceety designatit bi govrenment ordinance bi the central govrenment.
Geography[edit | edit source]
Hamamatsu consists o a flat plain an the Mikatahara Plateau in the sooth, an a muntainous aurie in the north. It is roughly bordered bi Lake Hamana tae the wast, the Tenryū River tae the east, an the Paceefic Ocean tae the sooth. The climate in soothren Hamamatsu is mild wi little snaw faw in the winter; housomeivver, it is windy in winter acause o the dry monsoon cried Enshū no Karakaze, which is unique tae the region. The climate in northren Hamamatsu is hintle hairsker acause o foehn winds. In simmers, the heichest temperatur aften exceeds 35 degrees in the Tenryu-ku aurie, while it snaws in winter.
Wairds[edit | edit source]
Hamamatsu is admeenistratively dividit intae seiven wairds:
- Hamakita-ku (浜北区)
- Higashi-ku (東区)
- Kita-ku (北区)
- Minami-ku (南区)
- Naka-ku (中区) - admeenistrative center
- Nishi-ku (西区)
- Tenryū-ku (天竜区)
Tourism[edit | edit source]
- Act City Tower Observatory - Hamamatsu's only skyscraper, situated next to JR Hamamatsu Station, is a symbol of the city. It was designed to resemble a harmonica, a reminder that Hamamatsu is sometimes known as the "City of Music". The building houses shopping and a food court, the Okura Hotel, and an observatory on the 45th floor overlooking all of central Hamamatsu, even down to the sand dunes at the shore.
- Chopin Monument This is a 1:1-scale replica of the famous Art Nouveau bronze statue of Chopin by the famed artist Wacław Szymanowski. The original is in Hamamatsu's sister city, Warsaw.
- Hamamatsu Castle - Hamamatsu Castle Park stretches from the modern city hall building to the north. The castle is located on a hill in the southeast corner of the park, near city hall. It was built by Tokugawa Ieyasu. His rule marks the beginning of the Edo Period. Tokugawa Ieyasu lived here from 1571 to 1588. There is a small museum inside, which houses some armor and other relics of the period, as well as a miniature model of how the city might have looked 400 years ago. North of the castle is a large park with a Japanese garden, a koi pond, a ceremonial teahouse, and some commons areas.
- Nakatajima Sand Dunes - one of the 3 largest sand dune areas in Japan
- Hamamatsu Flower Park
- Hamamatsu Fruit Park
- Hamamatsu Municipal Zoo
Industry[edit | edit source]
Hamamatsu haes been famous as an industrial ceety, especially for muisical instruments an motorcycles. It haes been kent for fabric industry an aw, but maist o those companies an factories went oot o business in the 1990s. O the 274,700 Japanese Brazilians wirkin in Japan, currently 19,000 wirk in Hamamatsu.
Companies headquartered in Hamamatsu[edit | edit source]
- Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.
- Kawai Musical Instruments Mfg.
- Roland Corporation
- Tōkai Gakki (kent as Tokai Guitars Company Ltd. an aw)
- Yamaha Corporation
Companies foondit in Hamamatsu[edit | edit source]
Transportation[edit | edit source]
Railways[edit | edit source]
Hamamatsu is a station on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen an Tōkaidō Main Line. This station is servit bi a sma selection o Hikari services an aw passin Kodama services. Hamamatsu is approximately haufwey alang the Tōkaidō line, as the journey time tae baith Tokyo an Shin-Osaka is approximately ane an hauf oors wi Hikari, an twa oors wi Kodama.
Tōkaidō Main Line stops at the follaein stations:
Iida Line stops at several stations in Sakuma area.
Enshu Railway Line, kent as Akaden (the red train) an aw, is a local line runnin north frae Shin-Hamamatsu Station through Nishikajima Station.
Roads[edit | edit source]
- Hamamatsu Bypass
- Hamana Bypass
Airport[edit | edit source]
Festivals[edit | edit source]
Akiha Fire Festival[edit | edit source]
Ever since long ago, Mount Akiha was believed to have supernatural powers to prevent fires. Bow and arrow, sword, and fire dances are performed at the Akiha Shrine. At the Akiha Temple, a firewalking ceremony is performed where both believers and spectators celebrate the festival. (Haruno, Tenryu-ku — December)
Enshu Dainenbutsu[edit | edit source]
When a family commemorates the first Obon holidays after the death of a loved one, they may request that a dainenbutsu (Buddhist chanting ritual) be performed outside their house. This is one of the local performing arts of the region. The group always forms a procession in front of the house led by a person carrying a lantern and marches to the sound of flutes, Japanese drums and cymbals. (Saigagake Museum, Hamamatsu City — July 15)
Hamamatsu Festival[edit | edit source]
Hamamatsu Festival, held from May 3 through May 5 each year, is well known for Takoage Gassen, or the kite fight, and luxuriously decorated palace-like floats. The festival originated about 430 years ago, when the lord of Hamamatsu Castle celebrated the birth of his first son by flying kites. In the Meiji Era, the celebration of the birth of a first son by flying Hatsu Dako, or the first kite, became popular, and this tradition has survived in the form of Hamamatsu Festival. It is extremely exciting to see over 160 large kites flying in the sky to the sound of trumpets. Those who visit Hamamatsu at this time of the year can experience the city at its most exciting time.
During the nights of Hamamatsu Festival, people parade downtown carrying over 70 yatai, or palace-lake floats, that are beautifully decorated while playing Japanese traditional festival music. The festival reaches its peak when groups of people compete by violently marching across town. (Naka-ku, Minami-ku — May)
Hamakita Hiryu Festival[edit | edit source]
This festival is held in honor of Ryujin, the god of the Tenryu River, and features a wide variety of events such as the Hamakita takoage (kite flying) event and the Hiryu himatsuri (flying dragon fire festival) which celebrates water, sound, and flame. (Hamakita-ku — June)
Hamamatsu International Piano Competition[edit | edit source]
This festival celebrates Hamamatsu's history as a city of musical instruments and music, and brings dozens of the best young pianists from all over the world. It has been held triennially since 1991 at the Act City Concert Hall and Main Hall. (November)
Hamakita Manyo Festival[edit | edit source]
This event takes place in Manyo-no-Mori Park to commemorate the Manyo Period and introduce its culture. As part of the festival, people reenact the ancient past by wearing traditional clothes from the Heian period and presenting Japanese poetry readings. (Hamakita-ku, Hamamatsu — October)
Inasa Puppet Festival[edit | edit source]
Ane o the few puppet festivals held in Japan, featurin 60 performances o aboot 30 plays bi puppet masters frae aw ower the kintra. The shows provide a full day o enjoyment for baith childer an adults. (Inasa, Kita-ku — November)
Princess Road Festival[edit | edit source]
This reenactment o a procession made bi the princess in her palanquin alang wi her entourage o ower 100 fowk includin maids, samurai, an servants maks for a splendid scene beneath the cherry blossoms alang the Toda River. In the Edo period, princesses enjoyed travelin this road which came tae be kent as a hime kaidō (princess road). (Hosoe, Kita-ku — April)
Shoryu Weeping Ume Blossom Festival[edit | edit source]
In Ryusui Garden there is a stream wi seiven sma waterfaws an aboot 80 weepin ume trees pruned tae give the appearance o dragons ridin on clouds tae the heavens. There are 200 young trees planted alang the muntainside an aw. (Inasa, Kita-ku — late Februar tae late Mairch)
Notable fowk[edit | edit source]
- Michio Suzuki (1887–1982)
- Soichiro Honda
- Torakusu Yamaha
- Kenjiro Takayanagi
- Koichi Kawai
- Koji Suzuki
- Hiromi Uehara
- Yuri Chinen
Radio stations[edit | edit source]
- FM Haro! (JOZZ6AB FM, 76.1 MHz)
- K-MIX (JOKU FM, 78.4 MHz)
- NHK FM (JOPK FM, 82.1 MHz)
- (Portuguese) Radio Phoenix (internet)
Colleges an universities[edit | edit source]
- Hamamatsu Gakuin University
- Hamamatsu University
- Hamamatsu University Schuil o Medicine
- Seirei Christopher University
- Shizuoka University (Faculty o Ingineerin an Faculty o Information)
- Shizuoka University o Airt an Cultur
Sports teams[edit | edit source]
Fitbaa[edit | edit source]
The closest thing tae a top diveesion club Hamamatsu haes is Honda F.C., which play Japan Football League (third diveesion) gemmes at their awn Miyakoda Soccer Stadium. Honda competit in the Japan Soccer League's First Diveesion frae 1981 tae 1991, but chose tae relegate itsel an no compete in the profeesional diveesions due tae parent company Honda's choice tae retain team awnership. Maist Hamamatsu fitbaa fans prefer tae follae Júbilo Iwata, athort the Tenryu River in Iwata. Júbilo maintains a club shop athin Hamamatsu.
Volare FC Hamamatsu, an autonomous club who competit in the Tokai Regional Football League Diveesion 2 in 2011, floutit plans tae either owertake Honda FC or merge wi it, but it feenished last in the Tokai League an wis relegatit. Hamamatsu University keeps a team in the said diveesion an aw, but college teams canna be promotit tae the top three tiers.
Internaitional relations[edit | edit source]
Hamamatsu haes ratifeed Music Culture Exchange Treaty wi the follaein ceeties (housomeivver, o the follaein Rochester is the anerlie offeecial sister ceety):
Twin touns an sister ceeties[edit | edit source]
Hamamatsu is twinned wi:
- Warsaw, Poland (syne 1 Februar 1990)
- Rochester, New York, Unitit States (syne October, 2006)
- Camas, Washington, Unitit States (since September, 1981)
- Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil
- Chehalis, Washington, Unitit States (syne October, 1998)
- Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil
- Porterville, Californie, Unitit States (syne October, 1981)
References[edit | edit source]
- Hamamatsu's official English name
- Sanchanta, Mariko (July 19, 2007). "Signs betray ‘hidden workers’ of Japan". The Financial Times.
- frae Chūbu Centrair International Airport tae Hamamatsu station(http://vldb.gsi.go.jp/sokuchi/surveycalc/bl2stf.html(Japanese))) (surveying
- "Radio Phoenix - CONECTOU...TÁ NA PHOENIX". Radiophoenix.jp. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
- (Pols) "Miasta partnerskie Warszawy". um.warszawa.pl. Biuro Promocji Miasta. 2005-05-04. Retrieved 2008-08-29.[deid airtin]
Freemit airtins[edit | edit source]
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