Shinjuku

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Shinjuku
新宿
Special waird
新宿区 · Shinjuku Ceety[1]
Skyscrapers o Shinjuku wi Mt Fuji in the backgrund.

Flag
Location of Shinjuku in Tokyo
Shinjuku is located in Japan
Shinjuku
Shinjuku
 
Coordinates: 35°41′37.82″N 139°42′12.78″E / 35.6938389°N 139.7035500°E / 35.6938389; 139.7035500
Kintra Japan
Region Kantō
Prefectur Tokyo
Government
 • Mayor Hiroko Nakayama
Area
 • Total 18.23 km2 (7.04 sq mi)
Population (November 2009)
 • Total 318,270
 • Density 17,460/km2 (45,200/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Staundart Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Zelkova serrata
- Flouer Azalea
Phone number 03-3209-1111
Website Shinjuku

Shinjuku (新宿区 Shinjuku-ku?) is ane o the 23 special wairds o Tokyo, Japan. It is a major commercial an admeenistrative centre, hoosin the busiest train station in the warld (Shinjuku Station) an the Tokyo Metropolitan Govrenment Biggin, the admeenistration centre for the govrenment o Tokyo.

As o 2008, the waird haes an estimatit population o 312,418 an a density o 17,140 persons per km². The total aurie is 18.23 km².[2]

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Surroondin Shinjuku are sax ither wairds: Chiyoda tae the east; Bunkyo an Toshima tae the north; Nakano tae the wast, an Shibuya an Minato tae the sooth.[3]

Neebourheids[eedit | eedit soorce]

Street level in Shinjuku

Although the aurie immediately surroondin Shinjuku Station is hame tae hotels, depairtment stores, specialist electronic an camera shops, cinemas, restaurants, an bars, the rest o the ceety is a mix o residential wi commercial auries concentratit aroond railway stations.

Notable auries o Shinjuku include:

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Shinjuku at nicht.

In 1634, durin the Edo period, as the ooter moat o the Edo Castle wis built, a number o temples an shrines muivit tae the Yotsuya aurie on the wastren edge o Shinjuku. In 1698, Naitō-Shinjuku haed developit as a new (shin) station (shuku or juku) on the Kōshū Kaidō, ane o the major highways o that era. Naitō wis the family name o a daimyo whose mansion stuid in the aurie; his land is nou a public pairk, the Shinjuku Gyoen.

In 1920, the toun o Naitō-Shinjuku that comprisit lairge pairts o present-day Shinjuku, pairts o Nishi-Shinjuku an Kabukichō wis integratit intae Tokyo Ceety. Shinjuku began tae develop intae its current form efter the Great Kantō earthquake in 1923, syne the seismically stable aurie lairgely escapit the devastation. Consequently, Wast Shinjuku is ane o the few auries in Tokyo wi mony skyscrapers.

The Tokyo air raids frae Mey tae August 1945 destroyed amaist 90% o the biggins in the aurie in an aroond Shinjuku Station.[5] The pre-war form o Shinjuku, an the rest o Tokyo, for that matter, wis retained efter the war acause the roads an rails, damaged as they wur, remained, an these formit the hert o the Shinjuku in the post-war construction. Anerlie in Kabuki-cho wis a grand reconstruction plan put intae action.[6]

The present waird wis established on 15 Mairch 1947 wi the merger o the umwhile wairds o Yotsuya, Ushigome, an Yodobashi. It servit as pairt o the athletics 50 km walk an marathon course durin the 1964 Simmer Olympics.[7]

In 1991, the Tokyo Metropolitan Govrenment muivit frae the Marunouchi destrict o Chiyoda tae the current biggin in Shinjuku. (The Tokyo International Forum stands on the umwhile steid vacatit bi the govrenment.)

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mony companies hae their heidquarters or Tokyo offices in Shinjuku.

In Mairch 1990 the heidquarters o Bandai Visual muivit tae the Shinjuku neebourheid in Shinjuku Waird. In August 1991 the heidquarters muivit tae Taitō, Tokyo.[19] Previously the heidquarters o MOS Burger wur in Shinjuku.[20]

Govrenment an politics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Shinjuku Ceety Office

Like the ither wairds o Tokyo, Shinjuku haes a status equivalent tae that o a ceety. The current mayor is Hiroko Nakayama. The waird cooncil (区議会 kugikai?) consists o 38 electit members; the Leeberal Democratic Pairty an New Komeitō Pairty thegether currently hauld a majority. The Democratic Pairty o Japan, Japanese Communist Pairty an the Social Democratic Pairty are an aw representit thegither wi fower independents. Shinjuku's ceety office (区役所 kuyakusho?) is locatit on the sootheastren edge o Kabukichō.

Shinjuku is the location o the metropolitan govrenment o Tokyo anaw. The govrenor's office, the metropolitan assembly chamber, an aw admeenistrative heid offices are locatit in the Tokyo Metropolitan Govrenment Biggin.

Elections[eedit | eedit soorce]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Shinjuku is a major urban transit hub. JR Shinjuku Station sees an estimatit 3.64 million passengers pass through each day, makkin it the busiest station in the warld. It hooses interchynges tae three subwey lines an three privately awned commuter lines, as well as several JR lines.

Rail[eedit | eedit soorce]

A leet o railway lines passin through an stations locatit athin Shinjuku includes:

Roads[eedit | eedit soorce]

Traffic on Ōme-kaidō heidin towards Kabukichō at nicht

Shuto Expressway:

  • No.4 Shinjuku Route (Miyakezaka JCT - Takaido)
  • No.5 Ikebukuro Route (Takebashi JCT - Bijogi JCT)

Naitional heich-gates:

Ither major routes:

  • Tokyo Metropolitan Route 8 (Mejiro-dōri, Shin-Mejiro-dōri)
  • Tokyo Metropolitan Route 302 (Yasukuni-dōri, Ōme-kaidō)
  • Tokyo Metropolitan Route 305 (Meiji-dōri)

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Colleges an universities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Schuils[eedit | eedit soorce]

Public elementary an junior heich schuils in Shinjuku are operatit bi the Shinjuku Ceety Buird o Education. Public heich schuils are operatit bi the Tokyo Metropolitan Govrenment Buird o Education.

Public institutions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Libraries[eedit | eedit soorce]

Shinjuku operates several public libraries, includin the Central Library (wi the Childer's Library), the Yotsuya Library, the Tsurumaki Library, Tsunohazu Library, the Nishi-Ochiai Library, the Toyama Library, the Kita-Shinjuku Library, the Okubo Library, an the Nakamachi Library. In addition there is a branch library, Branch Library o Central Library in the Ceety Office, locatit in the ceety office.[21]

Hospitals[eedit | eedit soorce]

There are several major hospitals located athin the ceety limits.

  • Keio University Hospital
  • International Medical Center o Japan
  • Social Insurance Chūō General Hospital
  • Tokyo Medical University Hospital
  • Tokyo Women's Medical University Hospital
  • Tokyo Metropolitan Health an Medical Treatment Corporation Ohkubo Hospital

Cultural centers[eedit | eedit soorce]

Museums[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Naitional Printin Bureau Banknote an Postage Stamp Museum
  • Naitional Museum o Natur an Science, Shinjuku Branch
  • Shinjuku Historical Museum
  • Tokyo Fire Department Museum

Haws[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sichtseein[eedit | eedit soorce]

Shinjuku is hame tae mony well-kent sichts an tourist attractions.

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Shinjuku haes sister ceety greements wi several localities:[22]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Shinjuku City
  2. Shinjuku Ceety
  3. Tokyo Special Wards Map
  4. japanvisitor.com
  5. History of Shinjuku
  6. Ichikawa, 2003
  7. 1964 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 1. p. 74.
  8. "Head Office & Japanese Facilities." Seiko Epson. Retrieved on January 13, 2009.
  9. "Contact Us." Atlus. Retrieved on February 13, 2009.
  10. "Company Profile." Nissin Foods. Retrieved on August 15, 2009.
  11. "会社概要." Airtransse. Retrieved on May 20, 2009.
  12. "会社情報." Shinchosha. Retrieved on June 17, 2011. "〒162-8711 東京都新宿区矢来町71"
  13. "会社概要." Futabasha. Retrieved on January 7, 2011. "所在地 〒162-8540 東京都新宿区東五軒町3-28" (GIF map of location) (PDF of location)
  14. "会社概要." Yoshinoya. Retrieved on February 25, 2010.
  15. "Company Info." H.I.S. Retrieved on March 11, 2010.
  16. "Corporate Data." Taisei Corporation. Retrieved on February 20, 2012. "Head Office 1-25-1, Nishi-Shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 163-0606"
  17. "About Us." Jorudan. Retrieved on September 12, 2010. "Zip Code 160-0022 2-1-9 Shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan"
  18. "Headquarter." Jorduan. Retrieved on January 7, 2011. "ZIP 160-0022 2-1-9 Shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan" (map)
  19. "History." Bandai Visual. Retrieved on March 16, 2010.
  20. "Outline." MOS Burger. April 17, 2001. Retrieved on January 6, 2011. "Headquarters 22, Tansu-machi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8501, Japan." Address in Japanese: "本社所在地 〒162-8501 東京都新宿区箪笥町22番地" Map in Japanese
  21. http://www.city.shinjuku.tokyo.jp/foreign/english/guide/shisetsu/shisetsu_2.html
  22. Friendship cities

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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