Ceeties o Japan

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Cities of Japan

A city ( shi?) is a local admeenistrative unit in Japan. Ceeties are rankit on the same level as touns ( machi?) an veelages ( mura?), wi the difference that thay are nae a component o destricts ( gun?). Like ither contemporary admeenistrative units, thay are defined bi the Local Autonomy Law o 1947.

Ceety status[eedit | eedit soorce]

Airticle 8 o the Local Autonomy Law sets the followin conditions for a municipality tae be designatit as a ceety:

  • Population must generally be 50,000 or greater (原則として人口5万人以上)
  • At least 60% o hoosehaulds must be established in a central urban aurie (中心市街地の戸数が全戸数の6割以上)
  • At least 60% o hoosehaulds must be employed in commerce, industry or ither urban occupations (商工業等の都市的業態に従事する世帯人口が全人口の6割以上)
  • Ony ither conditions set bi prefectural ordinance must be satisfied (他に当該都道府県の条例で定める要件を満たしていること)

The designation is approved bi the prefectural govrenor an the Meenister for Internal Affairs.

A ceety can theoretically be demotit tae a toun or veelage when it fails tae meet ony o these conditions, but such a demotion haes nae happened tae date. The least populous ceety, Utashinai, Hokkaido, haes a population o sax thoosand, while a toun in the same prefectur, Otofuke, Hokkaido, haes nearly forty thoosand.

Unner the Act on Special Provisions concernin Merger o Municipalities (市町村の合併の特例等に関する法律?, Act No. 59 o 2004), the staundart o 50,000 indwallers for the ceety status haes been eased tae 30,000 if such population is gained as a result o a merger o touns an/or veelages, in order tae facilitate such mergers tae reduce admeenistrative costs. Mony municipalities gained ceety status unner this eased staundart. On the ither haund, the municipalities recently gained the ceety status purely as a result o increase o population wioot expansion o aurie are leemitit tae those leetit in Leet o umwhile touns or veelages gained ceety status alone.

Classifications for lairge ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Cabinet o Japan can designate cities o at least 200,000 indwallers tae hae the status o special ceety, core ceety, or designatit ceety. These statuses expand the scope o admeenistrative authority delegatit frae the prefectural govrenment tae the ceety govrenment.

Status o Tokyo[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tokyo, Japan’s caipital, existit as a ceety til 1943, but is nou legally classified as a special type o prefectur cried a metropolis ( to?). The 23 special wards o Tokyo, which constitute the core o the Tokyo metropolitan aurie, each hae an admeenistrative status analogous tae that o ceeties. Tokyo also haes several ither incorporatit ceeties, touns an veelages within its jurisdiction.

See also[eedit | eedit soorce]

Admeenistrative diveesions o Japan
National

Prefectural
Subprefectural
Municipal
Sub-municipal

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]