Akita, Akita

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Akita
秋田
Core ceety
秋田市 Akita Ceety
250px
Dountoun Akita

Flag
Location o Akita in Akita Prefectur
Akita is located in Japan
Akita
Akita
 
Coordinates: 39°43′12.1″N 140°6′9.3″E / 39.720028°N 140.102583°E / 39.720028; 140.102583
Kintra Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefectur Akita Prefectur
Government
 • Mayor Norihisa Satake
Area
 • Total 905.67 km2 (349.68 sq mi)
Population (October 1, 2011)
 • Total 323,310
 • Density 360/km2 (920/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Staundart Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Japanese zelkova
- Flouer Satsuki azalea
Phone nummer 018-863-2222
Address Akita-shi,
Sanno 1 chome, 1-1
010-8560
Website www.city.akita.akita.jp

Akita (秋田市 Akita-shi?) is the caipital ceety o Akita Prefectur in the Tohoku region o Honshu, the lairgest o Japan's islands.

As o Juin 11, 2005, wi the merger o the umwhile Kawabe Destrict (includin the umwhile touns o Kawabe an Yūwa), the ceety haes an estimatit population o 323,310 an density o 356.98 inhabitants per square kilometre (924.6 /sq mi). The tot aurie is 905.67 square kilometres (349.68 sq mi).

While the modren ceety wis offeecially foondit on Aprile 1, 1889, Akita haes been ane o the maist important ceeties in the Tohoku region syne the medieval period. The Ashina an Satake daimyo clans established their caipital in present-day Akita.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Historically, Akita haes seen chynges throughoot at least fower historical Japanese periods; Edo, Meiji, Showa an Heisei. The beginnins o Akita wur in the Edo period. A settlement, kent as Kubota Castle Toun, wis fairmed which would later acome the center o Akita. Construction is datit tae 1604.

Meiji[eedit | eedit soorce]

Progress in the Meiji era includit the renamin o the "Taihei" Schuil (太平学校) tae "Akita Normal" Schuil (師範学校) on Aprile 12 o 1878. In Julie, the schuil seestem wis dividit intae 2 seestems, the Kitaakita an Minamiakita destricts. A year later, on Aprile 1, 1889, Akita wis offeecially established. In Julie the ceety haw o Akita wis locatit inside the umwhile Minamiakita Destrict office. Transportation bi horsecaur began in Julie frae Shindaikumachi tae Tsuchizaki. This later acame the Akita Ceety Rail service. In Mey the first bank opened.

Showa[eedit | eedit soorce]

War devastatit the ceety on August 14, 1945. 137 fowk wur killed in an air raid o 134 B-29s, attackin the ceety frae midnicht tae the early dawn o August 15. A Nippon Company ile refinery in the Tsuchizaki aurie wis targetit. This wis reportedly the farthest-range an also the last bombin mission in Warld War II, comin only oors afore Japan annoonced its surrender.[1]

Heisei Era[eedit | eedit soorce]

On Aprile 1, 1997 Akita wis designatit as a core ceety in Japan. In August 2001 The Warld Gemmes wur held in Akita, wi the openin ceremony held in the Yabase Track an Field Stadium. In 2004, the ceety celebratit its 400t anniversary an its beginnins as Kubota Castle toun.

Merger wi Kawabe Destrict[eedit | eedit soorce]

On January 11, 2005, the ceety addit the touns o Kawabe an Yūwa tae acome the new ceety o Akita. This incorporatit what remained o Kawabe Destrict, thus dissolvin the destrict. The merger celebration wis held at AL☆Ve.

The location o Akita Ceety Haw did nae chynge, an umwhile Kawabe an Yūwa Toun Haws are uised as civic centers.

Go tae the ceety o Akita's wabsteid for mair info

Thatchin roof in Jizoideni Archaeological Pairk
Akita Sensyu Pairk

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Rivers an canals[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Omono River
  • Akita-unga Canal (Formerly Omono-gawa River)
  • Asahi-kawa River
  • Iwami-gawa River

Neighborin ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Akita alangs tae a climatic transeetion zone humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) an is interestingly the maist populous ceety havin absolute northren extremity o this climate zone within Japan, borderin very closely wi the humid continental climate zone, comparable tae New York Ceety, USA. Akita Ceety is characterized wi cauld, very snawy, winters, an very warm, humid simmers. Monthly means range frae −0.1 °C (31.8 °F) in Januar tae 24.5 °C (76.1 °F) in August. Due tae its location near the Sea o Japan coast, it receives hivy snawfaw, wi just above 409 centimetres (161 in) per saison, wi accumulation occurring maistly frae December tae Mairch. Precipitation is well-distributit an signeeficant throughoot the year, but is greater in the latter hauf.

Climate data for Akita Ceety (1971-2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 13.7
(56.7)
19.8
(67.6)
21.0
(69.8)
28.0
(82.4)
31.8
(89.2)
33.7
(92.7)
37.9
(100.2)
38.2
(100.8)
35.4
(95.7)
28.9
(84.0)
23.3
(73.9)
21.4
(70.5)
38.2
(100.8)
Average heich °C (°F) 2.7
(36.9)
3.1
(37.6)
6.9
(44.4)
13.6
(56.5)
18.5
(65.3)
22.8
(73.0)
26.4
(79.5)
28.6
(83.5)
24.2
(75.6)
18.2
(64.8)
11.6
(52.9)
5.8
(42.4)
15.2
(59.4)
Average laich °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
−2.7
(27.1)
−0.5
(31.1)
4.8
(40.6)
9.9
(49.8)
15.1
(59.2)
19.4
(66.9)
20.9
(69.6)
16.0
(60.8)
9.3
(48.7)
3.7
(38.7)
−0.2
(31.6)
7.8
(46.0)
Record laich °C (°F) −19.8
(−3.6)
−24.6
(−12.3)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−7.2
(19.0)
−1.4
(29.5)
4.1
(39.4)
8.9
(48.0)
9.0
(48.2)
3.1
(37.6)
−1.4
(29.5)
−5.4
(22.3)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−24.6
(−12.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 114.4
(4.504)
92.0
(3.622)
93.0
(3.661)
117.6
(4.63)
122.8
(4.835)
127.5
(5.02)
178.1
(7.012)
181.9
(7.161)
177.9
(7.004)
160.7
(6.327)
183.5
(7.224)
163.8
(6.449)
1,713.2
(67.449)
Snawfall cm (inches) 142
(55.9)
120
(47.2)
51
(20.1)
2
(0.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
13
(5.1)
79
(31.1)
409
(161)
humidity 73 72 68 68 72 76 79 77 76 73 72 73 73
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 24.0 20.0 17.5 13.2 12.5 11.2 13.6 11.0 13.6 15.6 19.8 23.6 195.6
Avg. snawy days 27.1 23.7 16.9 2.2 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 6.6 20.7 97.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 44.6 65.6 135.7 175.0 191.4 178.0 171.5 200.4 154.9 148.1 84.7 47.6 1,597.4
Source no. 1: Japan Meteorological Agency
Source no. 2: 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値)

Sister / friendship ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Internaitional sister / friendship ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Domestic sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Rail[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • East Japan Railway Company
    • Akita Shinkansen: Akita
    • Ōu Main Line: Ōbarino, Wada, Yotsugoya, (Akita Service Center), Akita, (Akita Freight Station), (Akita General Service Center: Adjacent tae Tsuchizaki, branches tae the richt haund side afore the station), Tsuchizaki, Kami-Iijima, Oiwake
    • Oga Line: Oiwake
    • Uetsu Main Line: Katsurane, Araya, Ugo-Ushijima, Akita
  • Akita Rinkai Railway (Freight)
    • Tsuchizaki—Port o Akita
      • North Line: Port o Akita—North Port o Akita
      • Sooth Line: Port o Akita—Mukaihama
  • Akita Destrict Forest Service
    • Nibestu Shinrin Railway (Abolished)

Road[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Expressways
    • Akita Expressway: Akita North Interchynge, Akita Chūō Interchynge, Akita Sooth Interchynge
    • Japan Sea-Tōhoku Expressway: Akita Airport Interchynge
    • Kawabe Junction:Akita Expressway, Japan Sea-Tōhoku Expressway
  • Akita Central Highway
  • Naitional Highways (Ordinary)
    • Highway 7
    • Highway 13
    • Highway 341

Bus[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Akita Chūō Kōtsū

Air[eedit | eedit soorce]

Boat[eedit | eedit soorce]

Akita port landmark touer
  • Port o Akita (designatit port)
    • North Port o Akita (Akita Ferry Terminal)
    • Sooth Port o Akita

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Reyher, Charles. Memoirs of a B-29 Pilot, page 146 (Lulu.com 2008): "This superfortress strike unwittingly collapsed a coup in progress at the Japanese Imperial Palace and saved Tokyo from a nuclear strike and ended World War II."

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]