Nagasaki

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Nagasaki
長崎
Core ceety
長崎市 · Nagasaki Ceety
Nagasaki's waterfront aurie

Flag
Location of Nagasaki in Nagasaki Prefecture
Nagasaki is located in Japan
Nagasaki
Nagasaki
 
Coordinates: 32°47′N 129°52′E / 32.783°N 129.867°E / 32.783; 129.867Coordinates: 32°47′N 129°52′E / 32.783°N 129.867°E / 32.783; 129.867
Kintra Japan
Region Kyushu
Prefectur Nagasaki Prefectur
Destrict N/A
Government
 • Mayor Tomihisa Taue (2007-)
Area
 • Total 406.35 km2 (156.89 sq mi)
 • Land 241.20 km2 (93.13 sq mi)
 • Water 165.15 km2 (63.76 sq mi)
Population (Januar 1, 2009)
 • Total 446,007
 • Density 1,100/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Staundart Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Cheenese tallow tree
- Flouer Hydrangea
Phone nummer 095-825-5151
Address 2-22 Sakura-machi, Nagasaki-shi, Nagasaki-ken
850-8685
Website www1.city.nagasaki.nagasaki.jp

Nagasaki (長崎市 Nagasaki-shi?) (Aboot this soond listen ) is the caipital an the lairgest ceety o Nagasaki Prefectur on the island o Kyushu in Japan. Nagasaki wis foondit bi the Portuguese in the seicont hauf o the 16t century on the steid o a smaa fishin veelage, formerly pairt o Nishisonogi Destrict. It acame a center o Portuguese an ither European fowks' influence in the 16t through 19t centuries, an the Kirks an Christian Steids in Nagasaki hae been proposed for inscription on the UNESCO Warld Heritage Leet. Pairt o Nagasaki wis home tae a major Imperial Japanese Navy base durin the First Sino-Japanese War an Russo-Japanese War. Its name means "long cape".

Durin Warld War II, the atomic bombins o Hiroshima an Nagasaki made Nagasaki the seicont an, tae date, last ceety in the warld tae experience a nuclear attack.[1]

Geografie an climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Nagasaki an Nishisonogi Peninsulas are locatit within the ceety leemits. The ceety is surroondit bi the ceeties o Isahaya an Saikai, an the touns o Togitsu an Nagayo in Nishisonogi Destrict.

Nagasaki lies at the heid o a lang bay which forms the best naitural harbor on the island o Kyūshū. The main commercial an residential aurie o the ceety lies on a smaa plain near the end o the bay. Twa rivers dividit bi a muntain spur fairm the twa main valleys in which the ceety lies. The hivily built-up aurie o the ceety is confined bi the terrain tae less than 4 square miles (10 km2).

Nagasaki haes the typical humid subtropical climate o Kyūshū an Honshū. Apairt frae Kanazawa an Shizuoka it is the wettest sizeable ceety in Japan an indeed aw o temperate Eurasie, an in the simmer the heat an humidity can be very unpleasant, wi wet-bulb temperaturs sometimes reachin 26 °C (79 °F). In the winter, however, it is drier an sunnier than Gotō tae the wast, an temperaturs are slichtly milder than further inland in Kyūshū. Syne records began in 1878 the wettest month haes been Julie 1982 wi 1,178 millimetres (46 in) includin 555 millimetres (21.9 in) in a single day, whilst the driest month haes been September 1967 wi 1.8 millimetres (0.07 in).

Climate data for Nagasaki (1981~2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 21.3
(70.3)
22.6
(72.7)
24.4
(75.9)
29.0
(84.2)
34.6
(94.3)
36.4
(97.5)
37.7
(99.9)
37.6
(99.7)
36.1
(97.0)
33.7
(92.7)
27.4
(81.3)
23.8
(74.8)
37.7
(99.9)
Average heich °C (°F) 10.4
(50.7)
11.7
(53.1)
14.8
(58.6)
19.7
(67.5)
23.5
(74.3)
26.4
(79.5)
30.1
(86.2)
31.7
(89.1)
28.6
(83.5)
23.8
(74.8)
18.3
(64.9)
13.1
(55.6)
21.0
(69.8)
Average laich °C (°F) 3.8
(38.8)
4.4
(39.9)
7.3
(45.1)
11.6
(52.9)
15.8
(60.4)
20.0
(68.0)
24.3
(75.7)
25.1
(77.2)
21.8
(71.2)
16.1
(61.0)
10.8
(51.4)
5.9
(42.6)
13.9
(57.0)
Record laich °C (°F) −5.2
(22.6)
−4.8
(23.4)
−3.6
(25.5)
0.2
(32.4)
5.3
(41.5)
8.9
(48.0)
15.0
(59.0)
17.0
(62.6)
11.1
(52.0)
4.9
(40.8)
−0.2
(31.6)
−3.9
(25.0)
−5.2
(22.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 64.0
(2.52)
85.7
(3.374)
132.0
(5.197)
151.3
(5.957)
179.3
(7.059)
314.6
(12.386)
314.4
(12.378)
195.4
(7.693)
188.8
(7.433)
85.8
(3.378)
85.6
(3.37)
60.8
(2.394)
1,857.7
(73.138)
Snawfall cm (inches) 2
(0.8)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
4
(1.6)
humidity 66 64 66 68 72 79 80 75 73 67 67 66 70
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 11.1 9.9 12.5 10.8 10.6 13.5 11.6 9.8 9.7 6.2 9.0 10.0 124.7
Avg. snawy days 1.2 0.9 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 2.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 102.8 119.7 148.5 174.7 184.4 135.3 178.7 210.7 172.8 181.4 137.9 119.1 1,866
Source no. 1: Japan Meteorological Agency[2]
Source no. 2: Japan Meteorological Agency (records)[3]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

A busy street in Nagasaki

The nearest airport is Nagasaki Airport in the nearby ceety o Ōmura. The Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu) provides rail transportation on the Nagasaki Main Line, whose terminal is at Nagasaki Station. In addeetion, the Nagasaki Electric Tramway operates five routes in the ceety. The Nagasaki Expressway serves vehicular traffic wi interchynges at Nagasaki an Susukizuka. In addeetion, sax naitional highways crisscross the ceety: Routes 34, 202, 251, 324, an 499.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety o Nagasaki maintains sister-ceety or friendship relations wi ither ceeties warldwide.

Within Japan[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ootside Japan[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Hakim, Joy (1995). A History of Us: War, Peace and all that Jazz. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509514-6. 
  2. "平年値(年・月ごとの値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2011-12-02. 
  3. "観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2011-12-02. 
  4. "International Relations of the City of Porto". Municipal Directorateofthe Presidency Services International Relations Office. Retrieved 2009-07-10. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Panorama o Nagasaki.