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Top: Nicht view o Zurich frae Üetliberg, Middle left: National Museum, Middle right: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Bottom: View ower Zurich an the lake.
Top: Nicht view o Zurich frae Üetliberg, Middle left: National Museum, Middle right: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Bottom: View ower Zurich an the lake.
Coat of airms o Zürich
Coat airms
Location o Zürich
Zürich is located in Swisserland
Zürich is located in Canton o Zürich
Coordinates: 47°22′N 8°33′E / 47.367°N 8.550°E / 47.367; 8.550Coordinates: 47°22′N 8°33′E / 47.367°N 8.550°E / 47.367; 8.550
 • MayorStadtpräsidentin (list)
Corine Mauch SPS/PSS
(as of 2009)
 • Total87.88 km2 (33.93 sq mi)
408 m (1,339 ft)
Highest elevation871 m (2,858 ft)
Lowest elevation392 m (1,286 ft)
 • Total415,367
 • Density4,700/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
Postal code
SFOS nummer0261
Surroondit biAdliswil, Dübendorf, Fällanden, Kilchberg, Maur, Oberengstringen, Opfikon, Regensdorf, Rümlang, Schlieren, Stallikon, Uitikon, Urdorf, Wallisellen, Zollikon
Twin tounsKunming, San Francisco
SFSO statistics

Zurich or Zürich (German pronunciation: [ˈtsyːrɪç]; Alemannic German: Züri, [ˈtsyri]; French: Zurich, [zyʁik]) is the lairgest ceety in Swisserland an the caipital o the Canton o Zürich. It is locatit in central Swisserland[5] at the northwastren tip o Lake Zurich. While the municipality itsel haes approximately 390,000[6] inhabitants, the Zurich metropolitan aurie is an urbanisit aurie o internaitional importance constitutit bi a population o nearly 2 million inhabitants.[7] Zurich is a mixed hub for railways, roads, an air traffic. Baith Zurich Airport an railway station are the lairgest an busiest in the kintra.

Permanently settled for aroond 7,000 years, the history o Zurich goes back tae its foondin bi the Romans, who, in 15 BC, cried it Turicum. Durin the Middle Ages Zurich gained the independent an privileged status o imperial immediacy an, in 1519, wis the place o oreegin an centre o the Protestant Reformation in German-speakin Swisserland, led bi Ulrich Zwingli.[8]

Zurich is a leadin global ceety an amang the warld's lairgest feenancial centres.[9] The ceety is hame tae a lairge number o financial institutions an bankin giants. An aw, maist o the research an development centres are concentratit in Zurich an the law rate o tax attracts owerseas companies tae set up their heidquarters there. Accordin tae several surveys frae 2006 tae 2008, Zurich wis namit the ceety wi the best quality o life in the warld as well as the walthiest ceety in Europe.[10][11][12]

An impressive number o museums an airt galleries can be foond in the ceety, includin the Swiss Naitional Museum an the Kunsthaus.[13] Zurich hosts ane o the maist important theatres in the German-speakin warld an aw.[14]

The Swiss staundart German pronunciation o the name is [ˈtsyːrɪç] ( listen). In Zurich German athoot the feenal consonant, Züri [ˈtsyɾi], although the adjective remains Zürcher [ˈtsyrxər]. The ceety is cried Zurich [zyʁik] in French, Zurigo [dzuˈriːɡo] in Italian, an Turitg [tuˈritɕ] in Romansh.

In Inglis an Scots, the name is uisually written Zurich, athoot the umlaut. It is pronooncit /ˈzjʊərɪk/ (ZEWR-ik) or /ˈzʊərɪk/ (ZOOR-ik); mair recently sometimes wi /ts/ as in German an aw.

The earliest kent form o the ceety's name is Turicum, attestit on a tombstone o the late 2nt century AD in the form STA(tio) TURICEN(sis) ("Turicum tax post"). Neither the name's linguistic oreegin (maist likely Rhaetic or Celtic) nor its meaning can be determined wi certainty. A possibility is derivation frae *Turīcon, frae the Gaulish personal name Tūros.[15] The stress on the lang vowel o the Gaulish name, [tuˈriːkon], wis lost in German [ˈtsyːʁɪç] but is preservit in Italian Zurigo [dzuˈriːɡo].

A first development towards its later, Germanic form is attestit as early as the 6t century wi the form Ziurichi. Frae the 10t century onward, the name haes mair or less clearly been established as Zürich (Zurih (857), Zurich (924)).[16]

Zurich is sometimes referred tae as "Downtown Swisserland" for publicity raisons.[17]


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  1. a b "Statistisches Jahrbuch des Kantons Zürich 2015"; date o publication: Februar 2015.
  2. a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Retrieved 13 Januar 2019.
  3. https://www.pxweb.bfs.admin.ch/pxweb/fr/px-x-0102020000_201/-/px-x-0102020000_201.px/table/tableViewLayout2/?rxid=c5985c8d-66cd-446c-9a07-d8cc07276160; date retrieved: 22 Juin 2023.
  4. https://data.stadt-zuerich.ch/dataset/b90c0f3b-b400-4563-8ae1-5d06e4e98880/resource/19dd9141-1770-4fac-829f-4afe04d74d60/download/bev322od3222.csv.
  5. "Zurich entry at the Swiss Tourist Board". Myswitzerland.com. Retrieved 3 Julie 2010.
  6. "Stadt-zuerich.ch" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 14 Mairch 2012. Retrieved 11 Apryle 2012.
  7. The Zurich Metropolitan Area: a motor for Europe Archived 2012-03-09 at the Wayback Machine, Stadt-zuerich.ch Archived 2004-08-23 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2010-03-10
  8. [1] Archived 2013-09-27 at the Wayback Machine zuerich.com.Huldrych-Zwingli
  9. World's 10 Most Powerful Cities prlog.org. Retrieved on 2010-03-10
  10. "2007 World-wide quality of living survey". Mercer. 2 Apryle 2007. Retrieved 8 August 2008.
  11. "Mercer's 2008 Quality of Living survey highlights". Mercer. 10 Juin 2008. Retrieved 8 August 2008.
  12. MercerQuality of Living global city rankings 2009 – Mercer survey, 28 April 2009
  13. Museums and galleries Archived 2007-10-24 at the Wayback Machine zurich-relocation.ch. Retrieved on 2010-03-10
  14. Zurich Culture worldtravelguide.net. Retrieved on 2010-03-10
  15. Andres Kristol, Zürich ZH (Zürich) in: Dictionnaire toponymique des communes suisses – Lexikon der schweizerischen Gemeindenamen – Dizionario toponomastico dei comuni svizzeri (DTS|LSG), Centre de dialectologie, University of Neuchâtel, Verlag Huber, Frauenfeld/Stuttgart/Wien 2005, ISBN 3-7193-1308-5 und Éditions Payot, Lausanne 2005, ISBN 2-601-03336-3, p. 992f.
  16. Zürcher Ortsnamen – Entstehung und Bedeutung, H. Kläuli, V. Schobinger, Zürcher Kantonalbank (1989), p. 109.
  17. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 6 August 2012. Retrieved 11 Apryle 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

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