Zürich

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Zürich
Top: Nicht view o Zurich frae Üetliberg, Middle left: National Museum, Middle right: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Bottom: View ower Zurich an the lake.
Top: Nicht view o Zurich frae Üetliberg, Middle left: National Museum, Middle right: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Bottom: View ower Zurich an the lake.
Coat o airms o Zürich
Coat o airms
Zürich is located in Switzerland
Zürich
Zürich
Zürich is located in Canton o Zürich
Zürich
Zürich
Coordinates: 47°22′N 8°33′E / 47.367°N 8.550°E / 47.367; 8.550Coordinates: 47°22′N 8°33′E / 47.367°N 8.550°E / 47.367; 8.550
Kintra Swisserland
Canton Zürich
Destrict Zürich
Govrenment
 • Mayor Stadtpräsidentin (list)
Corine Mauch SPS/PSS
(as of 2009)
Aurie[1]
 • Tot 87.88 km2 (33.93 sq mi)
Elevation 408 m (1,339 ft)
Heichest elevation (Üetliberg) 871 m (2,858 ft)
Lawest elevation (Limmat) 392 m (1,286 ft)
Population (Diz 2010[2])
 • Tot 372,047
 • Density 4,200/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Postal code 8000–8099
SFOS nummer 0261
Surroondit bi Adliswil, Dübendorf, Fällanden, Kilchberg, Maur, Oberengstringen, Opfikon, Regensdorf, Rümlang, Schlieren, Stallikon, Uitikon, Urdorf, Wallisellen, Zollikon
Twin touns Kunming, San Francisco
Wabsteid www.stadt-zuerich.ch
SFSO stateestics

Zurich (German: Zürich, German pronunciation: [ˈtsyːrɪç]; Swiss German: Züri) is the lairgest ceety in Swisserland an the caipital o the canton o Zurich. It is locatit in central Swisserland[3] at the northwastren tip o Lake Zurich. While the municipality itsel haes approximately 390,000[4] inhabitants, the Zurich metropolitan aurie is an urbanisit aurie o internaitional importance constitutit bi a population o nearly 2 million inhabitants.[5] Zurich is a mixed hub for railways, roads, an air traffic. Baith Zurich Airport an railway station are the lairgest an busiest in the kintra.

Permanently settled for aroond 7,000 years, the history o Zurich goes back tae its foondin bi the Romans, who, in 15 BC, cried it Turicum. Durin the Middle Ages Zurich gained the independent an privileged status o imperial immediacy an, in 1519, wis the place o oreegin an centre o the Protestant Reformation in German-speakin Swisserland, led bi Ulrich Zwingli.[6]

Zurich is a leadin global ceety an amang the warld's lairgest feenancial centres.[7] The ceety is hame tae a lairge number o financial institutions an bankin giants. An aw, maist o the research an development centres are concentratit in Zurich an the law rate o tax attracts owerseas companies tae set up their heidquarters there. Accordin tae several surveys frae 2006 tae 2008, Zurich wis namit the ceety wi the best quality o life in the warld as well as the walthiest ceety in Europe.[8][9][10]

An impressive number o museums an airt galleries can be foond in the ceety, includin the Swiss Naitional Museum an the Kunsthaus.[11] Zurich hosts ane o the maist important theatres in the German-speakin warld an aw.[12]

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Swiss staundart German pronunciation o the name is [ˈtsyːrɪç] ( listen). In Zurich German athoot the feenal consonant, Züri [ˈtsyɾi], although the adjective remains Zürcher [ˈtsyrxər]. The ceety is cried Zurich [zyʁik] in French, Zurigo [dzuˈriːɡo] in Italian, an Turitg [tuˈritɕ] in Romansh.

In Inglis an Scots, the name is uisually written Zurich, athoot the umlaut. It is pronooncit /ˈzjʊərɪk/ (ZEWR-ik) or /ˈzʊərɪk/ (ZOOR-ik); mair recently sometimes wi /ts/ as in German an aw.

The earliest kent form o the ceety's name is Turicum, attestit on a tombstone o the late 2nt century AD in the form STA(tio) TURICEN(sis) ("Turicum tax post"). Neither the name's linguistic oreegin (maist likely Rhaetic or Celtic) nor its meaning can be determined wi certainty. A possibility is derivation frae *Turīcon, frae the Gaulish personal name Tūros.[13] The stress on the lang vowel o the Gaulish name, [tuˈriːkon], wis lost in German [ˈtsyːʁɪç] but is preservit in Italian Zurigo [dzuˈriːɡo].

A first development towards its later, Germanic form is attestit as early as the 6t century wi the form Ziurichi. Frae the 10t century onward, the name haes mair or less clearly been established as Zürich (Zurih (857), Zurich (924)).[14]

Zurich is sometimes referred tae as "Downtown Swisserland" for publicity raisons.[15]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. Canton of Zurich Statistical Office (German) accessed 29 March 2011
  3. "Zurich entry at the Swiss Tourist Board". Myswitzerland.com. Retrieved 2010-07-03. 
  4. Stadt-zuerich.ch
  5. The Zurich Metropolitan Area: a motor for Europe, Stadt-zuerich.ch. Retrieved on 2010-03-10
  6. [1] zuerich.com.Huldrych-Zwingli
  7. World's 10 Most Powerful Cities prlog.org. Retrieved on 2010-03-10
  8. "2007 World-wide quality of living survey". Mercer. 2007-04-02. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  9. "Mercer's 2008 Quality of Living survey highlights". Mercer. 2008-06-10. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  10. MercerQuality of Living global city rankings 2009 – Mercer survey, 28 April 2009
  11. Museums and galleries zurich-relocation.ch. Retrieved on 2010-03-10
  12. Zurich Culture worldtravelguide.net. Retrieved on 2010-03-10
  13. Andres Kristol, Zürich ZH (Zürich) in: Dictionnaire toponymique des communes suisses – Lexikon der schweizerischen Gemeindenamen – Dizionario toponomastico dei comuni svizzeri (DTS|LSG), Centre de dialectologie, University of Neuchâtel, Verlag Huber, Frauenfeld/Stuttgart/Wien 2005, ISBN 3-7193-1308-5 und Éditions Payot, Lausanne 2005, ISBN 2-601-03336-3, p. 992f.
  14. Zürcher Ortsnamen – Entstehung und Bedeutung, H. Kläuli, V. Schobinger, Zürcher Kantonalbank (1989), p. 109.
  15. [2]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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