Vibo Valentia

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Vibo Valentia
Comune di Vibo Valentia
Panorama o Vibo Valentia
Panorama o Vibo Valentia
Coat of airms o Vibo Valentia
Coat airms
Vibo Valentia is located in Italy
Vibo Valentia
Vibo Valentia
Location o Vibo Valentia in Italy
Coordinates: 38°40′30″N 16°05′50″E / 38.67500°N 16.09722°E / 38.67500; 16.09722
ProvinceVibo Valentia (VV)
FrazioniBivona, Longobardi, Piscopio, Porto Salvo, San Pietro, Vena Inferiore, Vena Superiore, Triparni, Vibo Marina
 • MayorNicola D'Agostino
 • Total46.2 km2 (17.8 sq mi)
476 m (1,562 ft)
 (31 Mairch 2010)
 • Total33,819
 • Density730/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
89900, 89811
Diallin code0963
Patron sauntSt. Leoluca
Saunt dayMarch 1
WebsiteOffeecial wabsteid
The castle.

Vibo Valentia (Italian: [ˈviːbo vaˈlɛntsja] ( listen)) is a ceety an comune (municipality) in the Calabrie region o soothren Italy, near the Tyrrhenian Sea. It is the caipital o the province o Vibo Valentia, an is an agricultural, commercial an tourist centre (the maist famous places nearbi are Tropea, Ricadi an Pizzo). Thare are several muckle manufacturin industries an aw, includin the tuna destrict o Maierato. Vera important for the local economy is the Vibo Marina's harbour.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Vibo Valentia wis oreeginally the Greek colony o Hipponion. It wis foondit, probably aroond the late 7t century BC, bi inhabitants o Locri, a principal ceety o the Italian Magna Graecia, sooth o Vibo Valentia on the Ionie Sea. Diodorus Siculus reports that the ceety wis taken in 388 BC bi Dionysius the Elder tyrant o Syracuse, who deportit aw the population. The population came back in 378 BC, wi the help o the Carthaginians. In the follaein years Hipponion came under the dominion o the Bruttii, who controlled maist o Calabrie. Efter the toun fell tae Roum, the name wis Laitinisit tae Hipponium. The toun became a Roman colony in 194 BC wi the name o Vibo Valentia. Efter a phase o prosperity durin the late Republic an early Empire, the toun wis amaist completely abandoned efter the faw o the Wastren Roman Empire.

In 1070 the Normans biggit a castle at the steid o the auld Acropolis an in 1235 a new ceety wis established bi Frederick II, Holy Roman emperor an king o Sicily, wi the name o Monteleone. The ceety got back the auld Roman name o Vibo Valentia anerly in 1928.

Main sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Norman-Hoehenstaufen Castle, locatit maist likely on the steid o Hipponion acropolis, an biggit around 1000. For its construction materials frae the Greek temples nearbi wur uised. It wis damagit bi an earthquake in 1783. The day the castle is hame tae a state museum.
  • Waws o Hipponion, includin c. 350 metres o remains an foondins o aicht touers (whose hicht haes been estimatit in 10 metres).
  • Kirk o Santa Maria Maggiore e San Leoluca (Cathedral), biggit in the 9t century ower the remains o a Byzantine basilica. It haes a 18t-century marble heich altar wi a 16t-century sculptur o "Madonna della Neve", an a Renaissance triptych.
  • Kirk o Santa Ruba (c. 1000), biggit by Pope Callixtus II. It haes a muckle cupola in Oriental style.
  • Kirk o the Rosario (c. 1337), locatit ower a Roman temple. Oreeginally in Gothic style, it wis remade efter the 1783 yirdquauk.

Twin touns[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Columbia University Press. 2001. [1] Archived 2005-04-25 at the Wayback Machine
  • The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites; Stillwell, Richard. MacDonald, William L. McAlister, Marian Holland. Princeton, N.J. Princeton University Press. 1976. ISBN 0-691-03542-3 [2]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]