Vibo Valentia

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Vibo Valentia
Comune
Comune di Vibo Valentia
Panorama o Vibo Valentia
Vibo Valentia is located in Italy
Vibo Valentia
Vibo Valentia
Location o Vibo Valentia in Italy
Coordinates: 38°40′30″N 16°05′50″E / 38.67500°N 16.09722°E / 38.67500; 16.09722
Kintra Italy
Region Calabrie
Province Vibo Valentia (VV)
Frazioni Bivona, Longobardi, Piscopio, Porto Salvo, San Pietro, Vena Inferiore, Vena Superiore, Triparni, Vibo Marina
Government
 • Mayor Nicola D'Agostino
Area
 • Total 46.2 km2 (17.8 sq mi)
Elevation 476 m (1,562 ft)
Population (31 Mairch 2010)
 • Total 33,819
 • Density 730/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Demonym Vibonesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 89900, 89811
Diallin code 0963
Patron saunt St. Leoluca
Saunt day March 1
Website Offeecial wabsteid
The castle.

Vibo Valentia (Italian: [ˈviːbo vaˈlɛntsja] ( listen)) is a ceety an comune (municipality) in the Calabrie region o soothren Italy, near the Tyrrhenian Sea. It is the caipital o the province o Vibo Valentia, an is an agricultural, commercial an tourist centre (the maist famous places nearbi are Tropea, Ricadi an Pizzo). Thare are several lairge manufacturin industries an aw, includin the tuna destrict o Maierato. Vera important for the local economy is the Vibo Marina's harbour.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Vibo Valentia wis oreeginally the Greek colony o Hipponion. It wis foondit, probably aroond the late 7t century BC, bi inhabitants o Locri, a principal ceety o the Italian Magna Graecia, sooth o Vibo Valentia on the Ionie Sea. Diodorus Siculus reports that the ceety wis taken in 388 BC bi Dionysius the Elder tyrant o Syracuse, who deportit aw the population. The population came back in 378 BC, wi the help o the Carthaginians. In the follaein years Hipponion came under the dominion o the Bruttii, who controlled maist o Calabrie. Efter the toun fell tae Roum, the name wis Laitinisit tae Hipponium. The toun became a Roman colony in 194 BC wi the name o Vibo Valentia. Efter a phase o prosperity durin the late Republic an early Empire, the toun wis amaist completely abandoned efter the faw o the Wastren Roman Empire.

In 1070 the Normans built a castle at the steid o the auld Acropolis an in 1235 a new ceety wis established bi Frederick II, Holy Roman emperor an keeng o Sicily, wi the name o Monteleone. The ceety got back the auld Roman name o Vibo Valentia anerly in 1928.

Main sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Norman-Hoehenstaufen Castle, locatit maist likely on the steid o Hipponion acropolis, an built around 1000. For its construction materials frae the Greek temples nearbi wur uised. It wis damagit bi an earthquake in 1783. The day the castle is hame tae a state museum.
  • Waws o Hipponion, includin c. 350 metres o remains an foondins o aicht touers (whose hicht haes been estimatit in 10 metres).
  • Kirk o Santa Maria Maggiore e San Leoluca (Cathedral), built in the 9t century ower the remains o a Byzantine basilica. It haes a 18t-century marble heich altar wi a 16t-century sculptur o "Madonna della Neve", an a Renaissance triptych.
  • Kirk o Santa Ruba (c. 1000), built by Pope Callixtus II. It haes a lairge cupola in Oriental style.
  • Kirk o the Rosario (c. 1337), locatit ower a Roman temple. Oreeginally in Gothic style, it wis remade efter the 1783 yirdquauk.

Twin touns[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Columbia University Press. 2001. [1]
  • The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites; Stillwell, Richard. MacDonald, William L. McAlister, Marian Holland. Princeton, N.J. Princeton University Press. 1976. ISBN 0-691-03542-3 [2]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]