Truong Tan Sang

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Trương Tấn Sang
Sang in 2016.
Preses o Vietnam
Assumed office
25 Julie 2011
Prime MeenisterNguyễn Tấn Dũng
Vice PresesNguyễn Thị Doan
Precedit biNguyễn Minh Triết
Chairman o the Cooncil for Naitional Defense an Security
Assumed office
25 Julie 2011
DeputeNguyễn Tấn Dũng
Precedit biNguyễn Minh Triết
Executive Secretary o the Secretariat
In office
Mey 2006 – 3 August 2011
General SecretarNông Đức Mạnh
Nguyễn Phú Trọng
Precedit biPhan Diễn
Succeedit biLê Hồng Anh
Member o the Secretariat
Assumed office
25 Aprile 2006
Member o the Politburo
Assumed office
1 Julie 1996
Secretary of the Ho Chi Minh Ceety Pairty Committee
In office
Juin 1996 – Januar 2000
Precedit biVõ Trần Chí
Succeedit biNguyễn Minh Triết
Chairman o the Ho Chi Minh Ceety Fowk's Committee
In office
Mairch 1992 – Julie 1996
Precedit biNguyễn Vĩnh Nghiệp
Succeedit biVõ Viết Thanh
Personal details
Born (1949-01-21) 21 Januar 1949 (age 75)
Đức Hòa, French Indocheenae
(nou Vietnam)
Poleetical pairtyCommunist Pairty
ResidencePresidential Palace, Hanoi

Trương Tấn Sang (born 21 Januar 1949) is the preses o Vietnam an ane o the kintra's tap leaders, alangside prime meenister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng an communist pairty leader Nguyễn Phú Trọng.[1] He acame state preses followin a vote o the Naitional Assembly in Julie 2011. The affice is a ceremonial poseetion, but Sang is an aa ranked seicont efter Nguyễn Phú Trọng on the pairty's Secretariat, a body which directs policy makin. Sang haes been a member o the Politburo, the executive committee o the Communist Pairty, syne 1996. He wis pairty secretary for Ho Chi Minh Ceety frae 1996 tae 2000. He wis promotit tae the naitional pairty’s nummer twa slot in October 2009.[2] Thare are reports o rivalry atween Sang an Prime Meenister Dũng, an each is backed bi a faction within the pairty.

Childhuid[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sang wis born 20 Januar 1949, in Mỹ Hạnh, Đức Hòa, Lang An.[3]

Early career[eedit | eedit soorce]

He jyned the Communist Pairty on 20 December 1969.[4] He wis jailed bi the Sooth Vietnamese govrenment in 1971 an held in prison at Phú Quốc. He wis released unner the Paris Peace Treaty in 1973. He haulds a bachelor o law degree.[3]

Frae 1983–86, he heidit Ho Chi Minh Ceety (HCMC)'s Forestry Depairtment, as well as the ceety's New Economic Zone Development Depairtment. In 1986, he wis promotit tae the Staundin Buird o the ceety's Pairty Committee.[4] He acame a member o the naitional pairty's Central Committee in 1991.[5] In 1992, he acame chairman for HCMC, the nummer twa poseetion in the ceety govrenment.[3] He jyned the Politburo in 1996 as its 14t rankin member.[6] He wis pairty secretary for HCMC, the tap poseetion in the ceety govrenment, frae 1996 tae 2000.[3][7] He wis promotit tae 10t poseetion in the naitional pairty at a congress in Aprile 2001. He wis an aa appyntit heid o the pairty’s economic commission at this time.

In 2003, he wis reprimandit for failin tae act in the Năm Cam corruption scandal when he heidit the ceety govrenment.[8] Sang wis promotit tae fift poseetion in the pairty at a congress in Aprile 2006.[9] At this congress, he wis an aa appyntit executive secretar o the pairty's Secretariat, a poseetion which supervises the membership an the internal structur o the pairty.[4]

Towards leadership[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sang wis promotit tae the pairty’s nummer twa slot atween congresses in October 2009.[2] His authority suin eclipsed that o General Secretary Nông Đức Mạnh, the anly person nominally abuin Sang in the pairty hierarchy, accordin tae a leaked diplomatic cable bi U.S. Ambassador Michael Michalak.[10]

Sang "assumed mony o Manh's normal responsibilities," Michalak wrote. At diplomatic meetins, Sang coud "comment authoritatively, in detail an wioot notes," whauras Mạnh "appeared disengaged" while he reid a 30-minute prepared statement "verbatim an in a monotone."[10] A BBC story describit rivalry atween Sang an Prime Meenister Dũng an describit thair relationship as "stairmy."[11] Michalak describit baith Sang an Dũng as “pragmatic” an “mercat-orientit.”[10] Baith are soothreners, but tradeetionally the pairty's tap slot haes gone tae a northrener.[10] Nguyễn Phú Trọng, a northrener, wis appyntit general secretary at 11t Naitional Congress held in Hanoi in Januar 2011.[12] The congress selectit a leet o Politburo members, an Sang is ranked first on this leet. Followin the congress, Trong wis named the tap rankin member o the pairty's Secretariat, Vietnam's maist pouerful decision-makin body, while Sang is ranked seicont.[13]

Presidency[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Naitional Assembly electit Sang as state preses on 25 Julie 2011 wi 97.4 percent o the vote.[4] The term o affice is five years. Sang tauld the Assembly that he wad defend Vietnam’s unthirldom an territorial integrity, an wad resolve the Spratly Islands dispute wi Cheenae peacefully.[14] As the new preses, he will wirk tae set a foondation that will allou Vietnam tae be acome an industrialized an modrenized kintra bi 2020, Sang tauld the Assembly.[14]

Unner pairty regulations, the preses is unner the authority o Secretariat, sae the poseetion is ceremonial.[15] Sang's authority derives frae his poseetion as the senior member o the Politburo an as the seicont rankin member o the Secretariat.[13]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. (in Vietnamese) Nghĩa Nhân, "Bộ Chính trị kiểm điểm thế nào? Archived 2013-06-05 at the Wayback Machine", Báo Pháp luật, 16 August 2012. The other "key leaders" are given as General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong, Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng, and National Assembly Chairman Nguyen Sinh Hung.
  2. a b (in Vietnamese) "Ban Chấp hành trung ương, Bộ Chính trị, Ban Bí thư Archived 2013-01-30 at the Wayback Machine", Báo điện tử Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam (Communist Party of Vietnam Online Newspaper).
    (in Vietnamese) "Danh sách Bộ Chính trị Khoá X Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine", Nhan Dan, 7 January 2011. This gives the Poliburo ranking immediately before the 2011 congress, with Sang second and Dũng fifth.
    "Vietnam profile", BBC, 15 January 2011. This describes Sang as No. 2 prior to the 2011 congress.
  3. a b c d Thông tấn xã Việt Nam, "Tiểu sử tóm tắt của đồng chí Trương Tấn Sang" Tiền Phong Online, 19 January 2011.
  4. a b c d Biography of State President Truong Tan Sang Archived 2015-07-11 at the Wayback Machine, VietnamPlus, 25 July 2011.
  5. (in Vietnamese) "Danh sách Bộ Chính trị, Ban Chấp hành Trung ương Đảng khóa VII (1991-1996) Archived 2018-04-02 at the Wayback Machine" Nhan Dan, 7 January 2011. Sang is No. 104.
  6. (in Vietnamese) "Danh sách Bộ Chính trị, Ban Chấp hành Trung ương Đảng khóa VIII (1996-2001) Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine", Nhan Dan, 7 January 2011.
  7. Nghia M. Vo Saigon: A History 2011, p. 242: "In May 1995, the president of the People's Committee of Saigon-HCMC, Trương Tấn Sang, noted that corruption by city officials amounted to one million dollars.."
  8. Arthurs, Clare, "Vietnam's showcase trial", BBC News, 25 February 2003
  9. "Danh sách Ban lễ tang đồng chí Võ Văn Kiệt", Báo An ninh Thủ đô, 14 June 2008
  10. a b c d Michalak, Michael, US embassy cables: Vietnam picks its new leaders, The Guardian, 12 January 2011.
  11. Ông Trương Tấn Sang làm chủ tịch nước", BBC, 25 July 2011.
  12. "Nguyen Phu Trong elected Party General Secretary Archived 2019-04-04 at the Wayback Machine", Nhan Dan, 19 January 2011.
    "Nguyen Phu Trong elected Party Chief", VietnamPlus, 19 January 2011.
    "Party Congress announces CPVCC Politburo members Archived 2019-04-04 at the Wayback Machine", VGP News, 19 January 2011.
  13. a b "11th CPVCC Secretariat members named", Vietnam News Agency, 9 February 2011.
    (in Vietnamese) "Ban Chấp hành trung ương, Bộ Chính trị, Ban Bí thư Archived 2013-01-30 at the Wayback Machine, Báo điện tử Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam, 25 January 2011.
  14. a b (in Vietnamese) Trương Tấn Sang, "Bài phát biểu nhận nhiệm vụ của tân Chủ tịch nước Archived 2013-09-22 at the Wayback Machine" (This is the full text of Sang's speech to the Assembly, as reported by VNA.)
  15. (in Vietnamese) "Văn kiện đảng Archived 2013-10-29 at the Wayback Machine" (Party Documents), Báo điện tử Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam (Newspaper of the Communist Party of Vietnam), 11 January 2011. Ban Bí thư giới thiệu các chức danh thuộc diện Ban Bí thư quản lý để Chủ tịch nước, Thủ tướng Chính phủ bổ nhiệm; Quốc hội, Mặt trận Tổ quốc và các đoàn thể chính trị - xã hội bầu. (The Secretariat nominates and directs the president, prime minister, National Assembly, and Fatherland Front, as well as the political elections).
    The Wall Street Journal describes the presidency as "ceremonial" here.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]