Ngo Dinh Diem (Vietnamese: Ngô Đình Diệm, pronounced [ŋo ɗîɲ zjə̂ˀm], Saigon: [ɗîn jə̃ˀm] ( listen)), (Januar 3, 1901 – November 2, 1963) wis the first Preses o Sooth Vietnam (1955–1963). In the wake o the French athdrawal frae Indocheenae as a result o the 1954 Geneva Accords, Diem led the effort tae creaut the Republic o Vietnam. Accruin considerable US support due tae his staunch anti-Communism, he achieved victory in a 1955 plebiscite that wis widely considered fraudulent. Proclaimin hissel the Republic's first Preses, he demonstratit considerable poleetical skill in the consolidation o his pouer, an his rule proved authoritarian, elitist, nepotistic, an corrupt. A Roman Catholic, Diem pursued policies that rankled an oppressed the Republic's Montagnard natives an its Buddhist majority. Amid releegious protests that garnered warldwide attention, Diem lost the backin o his US patrons an wis assassinatut bi Nguyễn Văn Nhung, the aide o ARVN General Dương Văn Minh on November 2, 1963, durin a coup d'état that deposed his govrenment. Upon learnin o Diem's ooster an daith, Democratic Republic o Vietnam Preses Ho Chi Minh is reportit tae hae said, "I can scarcely believe the Americans woud be so stupid."
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