A view o Stromness
Strumnis shown within Orkney
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||Unitit Kinrick|
|UK Pairlament||Orkney and Shetland|
Table o contents
Etymologie[eedit | eedit soorce]
The name "Strumnis" comes frae the Norse Straumsnes. Straum refers tae the strang tides that rip past the Point o Ness through Hoy Soond tae the sooth o the toun. Nes means "heidland". Stromness thus means "heidland protrudin intae the tidal stream". In Viking times the anchorage whaur Stromness nou staunds wis cried Hamnavoe, meanin "peaceful" or "safe harbour".
Toun[eedit | eedit soorce]
A lang-established seaport, it haes a population o approximately 2,190 residents. The auld toun is clustered alang the characterful an windin main street, flankit wi hooses an shops built frae local stone, wi narrae lanes an alleys branchin aff it. Thare is a ferry link frae Strumnis tae Scrabster on the north coast o mainland Scotland.
First recordit as the steid o a inn in the 16t century, Strumnis became important durin the late 17t century, when Ingland wis at war wi Fraunce an shippin wis forcit tae avoid the Inglis Chainel. Ships o the Hudson's Bay Company wur regular visitors, as wur whalin fleets. Large numbers of Orkneymen, many of whom came from the Stromness area, served as traders, splorers an seamen for baith. James Cook's ships, Discovery an Resolution, cried at the toun in 1780 on their return voyage frae the Sooth Seas whaur Cook haed been killed.
Stromness Museum reflects these aspects o the toin's history (displayin for example important collections o whalin relics, an Inuit artefacts brocht back as souvenirs bi local men frae Greenland an Airctic Canadae). An unuisual aspect o the toun's character is the lairge nummer o biggins decoratit wi displays o whale bones ootside thaim.
At Strumnis Pierheid is a commemorative statue bi North Ronaldsay sculptor Ian Scott, unveiled in 2013, o John Rae staundin erect, wi a inscription describin him as “the discoverer o the feenal link in the first navigable Northwast Passage.”
Pairish[eedit | eedit soorce]
The pairish o Strumnis includes the islands o Hoy an Graemsay an a tract o aboot 5 miles bi 3¾ on Mainland. The main pairt is boondit on the wast bi the Atlantic Ocean, on the sooth an the sooth-east bi Hoy Soond, on the north-east bi the Loch o Stenness.
Antiquities include Breckness House, erectit in 1633 bi George Graham, bishop o Orkney at the wast entrance o Hoy Soond; an a auncient cemetery, wi ruined kirk, an remains o a monastery, atween Breckness House an Stromness toun.
Media an the airts[eedit | eedit soorce]
Writer George Mackay Brown wis born an livit maist o his life in the toun, an is buriet in the toun's cemetery owerleukin Hoy Soond. His poem "Hamnavoe" is set in the toun an is in pairt a memorial tae his faither John, a local postman.
Stromness is referred tae in the title o Sir Peter Maxwell Davies's popular piano piece "Farewell to Stromness", a piano interlude frae The Yellow Cake Revue, which wis written tae protest at plans tae open a uranium mine in the aurie. (The title refers tae yellowcake, the pouder producit in an early stage o the processin o uranium ore.) The Revue was first performit bi the componer at the Stromness Hotel on 21 Juin 1980 as pairt o the St Magnus Festival; the uranium mine was cancelled later that year.
Geologie[eedit | eedit soorce]
Stromness presents tae the Atlantic a range o cliffs frae 100–500 ft heich an tae Hoy Soond a baund o growthie lawlands. The rocks possess great geological interest, an were made well known bi the publication o the evangelical geologist Hugh Miller, The Footprints of the Creator or The Asterolepsis of Stromness (1850).
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- The section on the pairish an its geologie incorporates text frae the follaein oot-o-copyricht beuk: Wilson, Rev. John The Gazetteer of Scotland (Edinburgh, 1882) Published by W. & A.K. Johnstone
- List of railway station names in English, Scots and Gaelic – NewsNetScotland
- "Parish Names" Orkneyjar. Retrieved 27 Dec 2010.
- Iain Mac an Tàilleir. "Placenames K-O & P-Z" (PDF). Pàrlamaid na h-Alba. Retrieved 2007-07-23.
- The History of Stromness
- A dinner service Captain Cook used on his final voyage is on view at Skaill House, Bay o Skaill, hame o 19c. Skara Brae excavator William Watt, a mansion built bi George Graham, Bishop o Orkney 1615-1638, on the steid o a fermsteid datit tae the Norse period.
- John Rae statue unveiled at Stromness Pierhead
- "Hamnavoe by George Mackay Brown". Poetry Archive. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
- The novel Stromness at amazon.co.uk
Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]
|Wikimedia Commons haes media relatit tae Stromness.|