Spaingie–American War

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Spaingie–American War
Part of the Philippine Revolution an the Cuban War o Unthirldom
American troops raising the Flag at Fort San Antonio De Abad, Malate, Philippines (1899).jpgChristy - The Capture of El Caney.jpgCharge of the Rough Riders at San Juan Hill.JPGFirst Marine Battalion (United States) landed on eastern side of Guantanamo Bay, Cuba on 10 June 1898.jpgUSS Olympia, Battle of Manila.jpg3rd Wisconsin.jpg
Clockwise frae tap left: U.S. truips raisin the Starns an Stripes ower Fort San Antonio Abad efter the Battle of Manila; the captur o El Caney; First Marine Battalion raisin the Unitit States banner at Guantánamo Bay; 3rd Wisconsin Volunteer Battalion awaits orders tae chairge the Spaingie; USS Olympia entering Manila Bay; Chairge o the Rough Riders at San Juan Hill
Date Apryle 21, 1898[lower-alpha 2] – August 13, 1898
(3 months, 3 weeks and 2 days)
Location Cuba an Puerto Rico (Caribbean)
Philippines an Guam (Asie-Paceefic)
Result

American veectory

Territorial
changes
Spain relinquishes sovereignty ower Cuba, cedes Puerto Rico, Guam an the Philippine Islands tae the Unitit States for $20 million
Belligerents

Unitit States Unitit States


Cuban revolutionaries[lower-alpha 1]
Filipino revolutionaries[lower-alpha 1]

Spaingie Empire

Commanders an leaders
William McKinley
Nelson A. Miles
Theodore Roosevelt
William R. Shafter
George Dewey
William Sampson
Wesley Merritt
Joseph Wheeler
Charles D. Sigsbee
Máximo Gómez
Demetrio Castillo Duany
Emilio Aguinaldo
Apolinario Mabini
Maria Christina
Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
Patricio Montojo
Pascual Cervera
Arsenio Linares
Manuel Macías
Ramón Blanco
Antero Rubín
Valeriano Weyler
Fermín Jáudenes
José Toral y Velázquez
Diego de los Ríos
Strenth
72,339 truips (tot)[1]
53,000 rebels[2]
206,000 troops[3] (Caribbean)
Unknown (Philippines)
Casualties an losses

American:

  • 385 killed in action[4][5]
  • 2,061 dead from disease[4][6]
  • 11 prisoners[7]
  • 1 cargo ship sunk[8]
  • 1 cruiser damaged[9]

Spaingie:

  • 900 killed in action[4]
  • 15,000 deid frae disease[10]
  • 40,000+ prisoners[4][11]
  • 6 smaw ships sunk[4]
  • 11 cruisers sunk[4]
  • 2 destroyers sunk[4]

The Spaingie–American War (Spaingie: Guerra hispano-americana or Guerra hispano-estadounidense; Filipino: Digmaang Espanyol-Amerikano) wis a conflict focht atween Spain an the Unitit States in 1898.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Unrecognised as pairteecipants bi the primar belligerents.
  2. The U.S. declared war on Spain on Apryle 25, 1898, but datit the beginnin o the war retroactively tae Apryle 21

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Clodfelter 2017, p. 256.
  2. Clodfelter (2017). Warfare and Armed Conflicts: A Statistical Encyclopedia of Casualty and Other Figures, 1492-2015. Page 308. Number is the total for all Cuban rebels active from 1895 to 1898. 
  3. Clodfelter, 2017 & 196,000 in Cuba and 10,000 in Puerto Rico, p. 255.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Clodfelter 2017, p. 255.
  5. (369 Army, 10 Navy, 6 Marines)
  6. "America's Wars: Factsheet." U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs. Office of Public Affairs. Washington DC. Published April 2017.
  7. Marsh, Alan. "POWs in American History: A Synoposis." National Park Service. 1998.
  8. See: USS Merrimac (1894).
  9. Tucker, Spencer. "The Encyclopedia of the Spanish-American and Philippine-American Wars." ABC-CLIO. Page 105.
  10. Clodfelter descrives the Americans capturin 30,000 preesoners (plus 100 cannons, 19 machine guns, 25,114 rifles, an various ither equipment) in the Oriente province an aroond Santiago. He an aa states that the 10,000-strang Puerto Rican garrison capitulatit tae the Americans efter anerly minor fichtin.