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San Juan, Metro Manila

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San Juan
City of San Juan
Hert o Metro Manila
Hame o Philippine Preses
Tiangge Caipital o the Philippines
Todo Asenso, San Juan!
("All Progress, San Juan!")
Location athin Metro Manila
Location athin Metro Manila
San Juan is located in Philippines
San Juan
San Juan
Location athin the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°38′N 121°02′E / 14.633°N 121.033°E / 14.633; 121.033
Kintra Philippines
RegionNaitional Caipital Region
DestrictsLane Destrict o San Juan
Incorporatit1623 (toun)
Incorporatit17 Juin 2007 (cityhood)[1]
 • MayorDencel Eustaquio (Partido Magdiwang-UNA)
 • Vice MayorFrancisco Javier M. Zamora (Partido Magdiwang-UNA)
 • RepresentativeRonaldo Zamora (Partido Magdiwang-UNA)
 • Sangguniang Panlungsod
 • Total5.95 km2 (2.30 sq mi)
17.0 m (55.8 ft)
 • Total121,430
 • Density20,000/km2 (53,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
Zip code
1500 - 1504
Aurie code2

San Juan is ane o the ceeties that comprises the Naitional Caipital Region o the Philippines. It is the smawest ceety in the region an the kintra in terms o land aurie. The ceety is kent for bein the steid o the first battle o the Katipunan (the Filipino Revolutionar organisation) against troops o the Spaingie Empire in 1897.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

"San Juan City" is a contraction o the ceety's langer, ceremonial name o San Juan del Monte (Scots: "Saunt John o the Muntain"). As wi numerous ither places in the Philippines, the ceety is christened efter John the Baptist, the ceety's patron saunt, an the hilly terrain it is situatit on.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

It is bordered bi Quezon Ceety on the north an east, Mandaluyong on the sooth, an the City of Manila in the wast.

The territory o San Juan wis ance hintle lairger than it is presently, stretchin aw the wey tae Caloocan. Pairts o wha are nou Destricts 1, 2 an 4 o Quezon Ceety as well as pairts o Mandaluyong wur oreeginally athin San Juan's territorial boondars. This explains why San Juan Reservoir is in nearbi Horseshoe Veelage, a subdiveesion currently unner the jurisdiction o Quezon Ceety.

Barangays[eedit | eedit soorce]

San Juan is poleetically subdividit intae 21 barangays:

  • Addition Hills
  • Balong-Bato
  • Batis
  • Corazon De Jesus
  • Ermitaño
  • Greenhills
  • Halo-halo (St. Joseph)
  • Isabelita
  • Kabayanan
  • Little Baguio
  • Maytunas
  • Onse
  • Pasadena
  • Pedro Cruz
  • Progreso
  • Rivera
  • Salapan
  • San Perfecto
  • Santa Lucia
  • Tibagan
  • West Crame

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Durin the pre-Hispanic period, the aurie o wha is nou San Juan wis a pairt o the Kinrick o Namayan, whose last recordit rulers wur Keeng Lacantagean an his consort, Bouan. When the Spainyie first teuk ower the kinrick which thay re-christened as Sta. Ana de Sapa, the veelage remained a pairt o it, re-classifee'd as a barrio an later becomin a smaw encomienda bi 1590. In 1602, the Dominican friars biggit a retreat hoose for thair immediate uise, whaur agin or convalescin friars stayed. Later, the Dominicans constructit a convent an a stane kirk dedicatit tae the Holy Cross. Tae this day, the thrice-rebuilt Santuario del Santo Cristo staunds on the same steid, adjacent tae the Aquinas School an the Dominican College.

In 1783, San Juan became unthilt o Santa Ana but it wis still then a barrio athin the Province o Manila. The openin salvo of the Philippine Revolution against Spain, began in San Juan in 1897 wi a attack bi the Katipunan on the alamacen (armoury) or polvorín (gunpouder magazine) o the Spainyie East Indies govrenment. The toun wis later incorporatit intae the Province o Rizal in 1901 during the American Occupation.

On 7 November 1975, Preses Ferdinand Marcos signed Presidential Decree № 824 that established the Naitional Caipital Region. San Juan wis amang the touns that wur excisit frae Rizal Province. Voters in San Juan ratifeed the conversion o the municipality intae a heichlie urbanisit ceety on 16 Juin 2008, pursuant tae Republic Act No. 9388 ("An Act Converting the Municipality of San Juan into a Highly Urbanized City to be known as the City of San Juan"). Then Congressman Ronaldo B. Zamora sponsored the Cityhood Bill in the Hoose o Representatives an wirkit for its appruival.[6]

Presidential tees[eedit | eedit soorce]

Awtho no offeecially designatit as sic, San Juan is notit tae be the "Town of Philippine Presidents." Fower preses syne the Third Republic wur offeecial residents o San Juan when thay assumit office. Thay wur the Macapagal père et fille, Diosdado Sr. (1961–1965) and Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (2001–2010); Ferdinand Marcos (1965–1986); an Joseph Estrada (1998–2001), who servit as Mayor when San Juan wis still a municipality an aw.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Population census o San Juan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 126,854—    
1995 124,187−0.42%
2000 117,680−1.07%
2007 125,338+0.90%
2010 121,430−1.05%
Source: National Statistics Office[5]

Places o interest[eedit | eedit soorce]

Amang the mony interestin places in San Juan are the Pinaglabanan Shrine, which marks the 1897 battle o the Philippine Revolution, an the Greenhills Shopping Center, a popular bargain maw for consumer electronics, clothin an ither merchandise.

The ceety haes several notable places o wirship an aw. Saunt John the Baptist Pairish, mair commonly kent as "Pinaglabanan Kirk", is whaur the ceety's patron saunt, John the Baptist, is enshrined. The Santuario del Cristo Kirk is the dounset's auldest existin kirk, while Mary the Queen Pairish in West Greenhills serves the local Filipino-Chinese commonty, an is a popular venue for weddins.

Frae 1925-1971, the Iglesia ni Cristo ance heidquairtered in the toun at its umwhile Central Office Complex, nou kent as the Locale of F. Manalo. It featurs Airt-Deco designed ensembles, crafted bi Naitional Airtist for Airchitectur Juan Nakpil. The Chapel is the centerpiece o the Complex, which conteens the auld Central Office an Pastoral Hoose an aw which wis the hame o the kirk's first Executive Meenister, Ka Felix Manalo, alang wi ither Meenisters an Evangelical Wirkers. When Manalo dee'd in 1963, a Mausoleum wis constructit on the grunds o the Complex bi Airchitect Carlos Santos-Viola.

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The J. Ruiz LRT Station, which is the anerly ane athin ceety leemits.

Radial Road 6 (R-6) passes throu San Juan as Aurora Boulevard, as daes the C-3 (Araneta Avenue). Less major routes include Nicanor Domingo (mair kent as N. Domingo), which heads towards Cubao in Quezon Ceety, an Pinaglabanan/Santolan, which leads towards Ortigas Avenue an eventually Quezon Ceety.

The Purple Line o the Manila LRT briefly passes throu the ceety an aw while runnin ower Aurora Boulevard (R-6), servin the ceety at V. Mapa an J. Ruiz stations.

Numerous jeepney routes operate throuoot the ceety, heidin towards Cubao, Divisoria, Crame (via Santolan), Taytay an ither destinations. A bus route frae Quiapo heidin towards Cainta an Taytay passes throu San Juan.

Eddication[eedit | eedit soorce]

Here is a leet o some notable scholastic institutions in the ceety that cater tae primar, seicontar, an tertiar levels o eddication.

State-run[eedit | eedit soorce]

Primar[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Kabayanan Elementary School
  • Nicanor Ibuna Elementary School
  • Pedro Cruz Elementary School
  • Pinaglabanan Elementary School
  • Salapan Elementary School
  • San Perfecto Elementary School
  • San Juan Elementary School
  • Sta. Lucia Elementary School

Heicher learnin[eedit | eedit soorce]

Private[eedit | eedit soorce]

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Gien thair ceety's role in the 1896 Revolution, San Juaneños are kent for thair fierce patriotism an localism. Thay for the maist pairt chuise tae stay athin ceety leemits for wirk, eddication, an residence. Popular perception is that locals prefer tae introduce new businesses an franchises tae San Juan insteid o patronisin seemilar establishments locatit juist ootside the ceety boondars. An effect o this is that San Juan is kent for its increasin nummer o smaw- tae middlin-sized restaurants that are aften unthirldom o lairger, mair established chains. Thir restaurants vary in thair afferins, rangin frae nan-mainstream internaitional cuisine tae vegetarian fuid, as well as several cake shops an dessert cafés.

Saunt John's Day[eedit | eedit soorce]

San Juan is renouned for its celebration o the Nativity o St. John the Baptist ivery 24 Juin. In a nod tae the saunt's characteristic act, San Juaneños engage in Basaan ("wettin"), whaur revellers splash fowk wi watter. Devotees an residents believe that gettin wet durin the Basaan brings blessins, an that it is antisocial tae be irate when doused. Pedestrians an vehicles wi open windaes are favourite targets, an in recent years an ordinance curtailin the Basaan at nuin wis enactit efter complaints frae nan-residents an commuters.

Basaan is seemilar in form tae the merrymakkin durin Songkran an Holi. The custom is practisit in ither Filipino touns that honour John the Baptist as patron an aw, sic as San Juan, Batangas, an Calumpit, Bulacan. The festival wis offeecially namit Wattah-Wattah Festival (a corruption o "water-water") bi umwhile Mayor (nou Senator) JV Ejército.

City hall[eedit | eedit soorce]

The old city hall of San Juan is located at Nicanor Domingo corner Antonio Luna streets.[7] It is preserved for historical purposes, and stands in front the San Juan Hospital. The new city hall is located at Pinaglabanan corner Doctor P.A. Narciso streets, in front of the Pinaglabanan Shrine and near Saint John the Baptist Pairish.[8] It began operation in February 2013.

"San Juan Hymn"[eedit | eedit soorce]

Awit ng San Juan Literal English translation

Sa dilím ng gabi nitong Bayang Hinirang
Umusbong ang tuwâ, galák at kasiyahan
Ang tala sa langit mandi'y lumilitáw
Tandá ng pag-asa sa kinabukasan.
O Bayan ng San Juan, sagisag ng kalayaan,
Dambana ng magigiting bayani ng Himagsikan!
Sa iyong dibdíb ay aming handóg at iaalay
Ang matimyas na pag-ibig, walang-kupás na pagmamahal! (bis)

In the dark of this Chosen Nation's nicht
Sprang forth joy, happiness, an delight
The stars in heaven didst shaw
A sign of hope in tomorrow.
O Town[9] of San Juan, seembol of freedom,
Shrine of valiant heroes of the Revolution!
In thy bosom we gie and offer
Devotion[10] true, unfading luve! (bis)

Sister cities[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Date of changing San Juan from a municipality to a city". Archived frae the original on 11 December 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  2. "Councilors of San Juan, Metro Manila". Archived frae the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  3. "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Archived frae the original on 9 Mairch 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  4. "List of Cities". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived frae the original on 29 Apryle 2011. Retrieved 20 Mairch 2013.
  5. a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  6. Republic Act No. 9388 - Charter of the City of San Juan Archived 2007-10-06 at the Wayback Machine
  7. The old city hall of San Juan.
  8. The new city hall of San Juan.
  9. Translation note: "Bayan" in Tagalog originally meant only "town" but may also mean "nation", "city", or "people". "Bansà" is the proper translation for "country".
  10. Both "pag-ibig" and "mahál" translate to love; the former implies continued action and is more poetic (thus "devotion") while the latter carries the notion of "highly valuing" the subject (from a possible Sanskrit root, māha, "great").
  11. sunstar.com.ph, Davao, San Juan cities ink sisterhood pact Archived 2008-10-08 at the Wayback Machine

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]