Samtskhe-Javakheti

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Samtskhe-Javakheti

სამცხე-ჯავახეთის მხარე
Samtskhe-Javakhetis mkhare
Location of Samtskhe-Javakheti
Kintra Georgie
SeatAkhaltsikhe
Subdiveesions6 regions
Govrenment
 • GovrenorBesik Amiranashvili
Area
 • Total6413 km2 (2,476 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)
 • Total160,504
 • Density25/km2 (65/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+4
ISO 3166 codeGE-SJ

Samtskhe-Javakheti (Georgie: სამცხე-ჯავახეთი) (formerly Meskheti) is a region in soothren Georgie, wi Akhaltsikhe as its caipital. Samtskhe-Javakheti comprises sax admeenistrative destricts: Akhaltsikhe, Adigeni, Aspindza, Borjomi, Akhalkalaki an Ninotsminda. Thare are 5 cities, 7 tounlets, 67 community an veelage sakrebulos (assemblies), an 258 veelages in the region. It is bordered bi Guria an Imereti tae the north, Kartli (Shida Kartli an Kvemo Kartli) tae the north-east an tae the east, Armenie an Turkey tae the sooth an Ajara tae the wast. The Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan ile pipeline an the Sooth Caucasus naitural gas pipeline pass throu this region.

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae the 2014 census, ethnic Armenies (chiefly concentratit in Akhalkalaki an Ninotsminda districts), are the majority in the region, makin up aboot 50,5% o the population.[1] Thay share the region wi Georgies 48,3%, Pontian Greeks an Osseties. Currently, thay are unnerrepresentit in aw spheres o public life, especially govrenment. Anerlie three o the govrenor’s 26 staff members are Armenie (11 per cent). The same is true for the territorial depairtments o the various meenistries. For instance, anerlie saxteen o 82 staff members (19.5 per cent) o the tax depairtment in Samtskhe-Javakheti are Armenie.[2] Lack o dialogue atween local Armenies an the naitional govrenment in Tbilisi adds tae perceptions o discrimination an alienation.[3] Thare hae been demonstrations, polis brutality an killins in this region.[4]

Expulsion o Meskhetian Turks frae Meshketi[eedit | eedit soorce]

Meskhetian Turks (or simply Meskhetians) are the umwhile Muslim indwallers o Meskheti (nou kent as Samtskhe) in Georgie, alang the border wi Turkey. Frae 15 November tae 25 November 1944, thay wur deportit in cattle-trucks tae Central Asie bi the order o Stalin an settled athin an aurie that owerlaps the bundaries o the modren naitions o Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, an Uzbekistan. The day, mony are still dispersed athort those kintras. O the 100,000 forcibly deportit, a tot o 10,000 perished.[5]

Tourist attractions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twa o the major tourist attractions are the cave monasteries o Vardzia (which wis foondit bi Queen Tamar in 1185) an Vanis Kvabebi (which dates frae the 8t century). Thay are locatit near the toun o Aspindza.

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. georgia-ethnic-2014
  2. Georgia’s Armenian an Azeri Minorities Archived 2009-08-06 at the Wayback Machine, 22 November 2006 (free registration needed to view the full report)
  3. Reuters AlertNet - Georgia’s Armenian and Azeri Minorities
  4. Reuters Foundation; Alertnet, 22 Nov 2006, [Georgia’s Armenian and Azeri Minorities http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/ICG/a839b86ed70730cc9b32cbd9a898fc90.htm]
  5. http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/2003/apr/05/guardianobituaries.usa as retrieved on 29 Apr 2008 20:59:44 GMT

Ither sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 41°35′N 43°16′E / 41.583°N 43.267°E / 41.583; 43.267