Rhodesie

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Rhodesie

1965–1979
Motto: Sit Nomine Digna
Anthem"Rise, O Voices of Rhodesia"
(1974–1979)

"God Save the Queen"
(1965–1970)
Location o Rhodesie
StatusUnrecognised state
Caipital
and largest city
Salisbury
Offeecial leidsInglis[citation needit]
Ither leids
Demonym(s)Rhodesian
GovrenmentPairlamentary constitutional monarchy (1965–70)
Pairlamentary republic (1970–79)
Monarch[a] 
• 1965–1970
Elizabeth II
Preses 
• 1970–1975
Clifford Dupont
• 1976–1978
John Wrathall
• 1979
Henry Everard (actin)
Prime Meenister 
• 1965–1979
Ian Smith
LegislaturPairlament
Senate
Hoose o Assemmly
Unthirldom fae the Unitit Kinrick
Historical eraCold War and Decolonisation of Africa
• Declare't
11 November 1965
• Republic
2 Mairch 1970
3 Mairch 1978
1 June 1979
Aurie
• Total
390,580 km2 (150,800 sq mi)
Population
• 1978 census
6,930,000
Currency
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Soothren Rhodesie
Zimbabwe Rhodesie
The day pairt o Zimbabwe
  1. The government recognised Queen Elizabeth II as the official Head of State from 1965 to 1970. The highest official of Rhodesia held the title "Officer Administering the Government" (OAtG) as he acted in lieu of the official Governor, who remained at his post but was ignored. After Rhodesia became a republic in March 1970, the President replaced the OAtG as the highest official and the Governor returned to London.

Rhodesie (pronounced /roʊˈdiːʒə/ (deprecatit template)), offeecially the Republic o Rhodesie frae 1970, wis an unrecognised state locatit in soothren Africae that existit atween 1965 an 1979 follaein its Unilateral Declaration o Independence frae the Unitit Kinrick on 11 November 1965. Wi its government based at the umwhile colonial caipital o Salisbury, its territory consistit o the umwhile Breetish colony o Soothren Rhodesie. The state wis named efter Cecil Rhodes, whose British South Africa Company acquired the land in the 19t century.

The landlockt kintra bordered Sooth Africae tae the sooth, Botswana (post-1966) tae the soothwast, Zambie tae the northwast an Mozambique (a Portuguese territory till 1975) tae the east. The state wis governed bi a predominantly white minority government till 1979, initially as a self-governin colony then, efter the Unilateral Declaration o Independence as a self-proclaimed sovereign Dominion an latterly a Republic.

Throughoot its history, Rhodesie continued tae be referred to by the British, who did no recognize the state, as "Soothren Rhodesie". Afore 1964, the name "Rhodesie" haed referred tae the territory consistin o Soothren Rhodesie an Northren Rhodesie which formed the Federation o Rhodesia an Nyasaland. It consistit o modern Zambie, Zimbabwe, an Malawi; housomeivver, when the umwhile colony o Northren Rhodesie renamed itself Zambie on independence in 1964, Nyasaland renamed itself Malawi in 1964, an the colony o Soothren Rhodesie chynged its name tae simply "Rhodesie". Housomivver, the chynge haed no yet been offeecially ratified when Rhodesie declared itself independent, an as a result, the Breetish Government continued tae refer tae the breakaway colony as "Soothren Rhodesie" throughoot its existence, a stance it maintained regardin the Juin–December 1979 successor state o Zimbabwe Rhodesie. Therefore, when Zimbabwe Rhodesia returned tae colonial status frae December 1979 tae Aprile 1980, it wis as "Soothren Rhodesie", which, accordin tae Breetain, it haed niver ceased tae be cawed. Soothren Rhodesie subsequently gained internaitional recognition o its independence in Aprile 1980, when it became the independent Republic o Zimbabwe.