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Põlva kirk
Põlva kirk
Banner o Põlva
Coat of airms o Põlva
Coat airms
Põlva is located in Estonie
Location in Estonie
Coordinates: 58°03′14″N 27°03′16″E / 58.05389°N 27.05444°E / 58.05389; 27.05444
Kintra Estonie
MunicipalityPõlva Pairish
 • MayorGeorg Pelisaar
 • Total5.5 km2 (2.1 sq mi)
 • Total5,968
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code(s)(+372) 799
Vehicle registrationO

Põlva is a toun in sootheastren Estonie, it's the caipital o Põlva Coonty an the centre o Põlva Pairish.

It is famous for the Intsikurmu Sang Festival Grunds held ivery year in a sma forestit aurie on the wast side o the toun, which regularly hosts concerts an simmer activities.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Estonie War o Unthirldom monument in Põlva.

The first mention o Põlva as a dounset dates frae 1452, in the 13t century. The name oreeginates frae the Estonie wird for knee (põlv), awtho its oreegin is no entirely clear. Legend haes it that a girl wis immured in a kneelin position in St. Mary's Kirk tae keep the devil awa. This is reputitly hou the toun wis namit.

Põlva wis an auld militar crossroad atween the north an sooth o Livonie. Aroond 1240, shortly efter the Christianization of Estonia, the Bernardine monks built a kirk order, which they dedicatit tae the Virgin Mary. The veelage kirk wis subordinate tae the Bishopric o Dorpat. The same pairish wis the result o the Livonie war unner Roushie domination in the 16t Century. In 1582 it became pairt o the soothren Estonie unner Pols sovereignty, an later it belangit tae Swaden. In 1721, in the Treaty o Nystad, Estonie an Livonie wur then cedit tae Roushie.

Anerly wi the poleetical unthirldom o Estonie in 1918 Põlva gained naitional importance. The toun grew lairger aroond the airtificial loch Põlva, whose sandy shores are croudit wi vacationers durin simmertime. The toun wis developit aroond St. Mary's Kirk, which lay in ruins for a lang time till it wis rebuilt efter the Great Northren War. In 1931 the railwey frae Tartu–Põlva tae St. Petersburg wis completit. On 10 August 1993 Põlva awairdit its toun chairter. Pairtner ceety is the Swadish Vårgårda in Västergötland.

Local Govrenin[eedit | eedit soorce]

In October 2013, efter the local govrenment cooncil elections, Põlva wis mergit tae the surroondin Põlva Pairish an tharefore lost its municipal status.

Afore thae cooncil consistit o 17 members electit on 18 October 2009 bi local votings. The govrenment consists o 5 members that wur electit bi the cooncil on 20 November 2009. Tarmo Tamm, who wis the mayor o Põlva for mair nor 11 years, went tae the pairlament in Aprile 2011.[1][2] Since 11 May 2011 the mayor is Georg Pelisaar.[3]

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Põlva haes 3 schuils, student data as o 1 Januar 2009:

  • Põlva Coeducational Gymnasium, which haes 737 students.
  • Põlva Secondar Schuil, which haes 387 students.
  • Põlva Roosi Schuil, which haes 28 students. This schuil is for mentally impaired childer.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • This airticle is based on the translation o the correspondin airticle o the German Wikipedia. A leet o contributors can be foond thare at the History section.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 58°3′11″N 27°3′6″E / 58.05306°N 27.05167°E / 58.05306; 27.05167