Orange Order

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Orange mairch ïn Glesca (1 Juin 2003)

Tha Orange Order (officiallie tha Loyal Orange Institution) is a Protestant fraternal order in Norlin Airlan whutch haes lodges in Ingland, Scotland, tha Republic o Airlan, an tha British Commonweal anaa. They wur furst foundit in Coontie Armagh in 1795, amang days o sectarian stramash in the coontie, as a Masonic-kind o fraternity. Its name is a tribute tae King Billy (William o Orange) wha defeated tha airmy o tha Catholic king James II o Airlan in tha Williamite–Jacobite War (1688–1691).

They oppone Earse unification an Scots unthirldom,[1] are stranglie Unionist[2][3] an hae links wi Ulster Loyalism forbye. Althou tha organisation sees themselves as defendin religious an civil liberties, critics accuse tha Order o baein sectarian, triumphalist,[4][5][6][7] an supremacist.[7][8][9][10] As a Protestant group, they dunnae accept Protestants married tae Roman Catholics.[11][12][13] Their mairchin saison is on Tha Twalt (commemoratin tha Battle o tha Boyne), an althou monie marches gae athoot collieshangie, mairches throu mainlie Catholic and Airish natiounalist nighberhoods cause stramash an affen airt to violence.[14][15]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Scottish independence: Orange Lodge registers to campaign for a 'No' vote". BBC News. 25 June 2014. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
  2. Unionist Forum statement. Grand Orange Lodge of Ireland. 9 January 2013. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
  3. Twelfth Resolutions 2013. Grand Orange Lodge of Ireland. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
  4. "Orangemen take part in Twelfth of July parades". BBC News. 12 Julie 2010. Retrieved 25 August 2010. Some marches have been a source of tension between nationalists who see the parades as triumphalist and intimidating, and Orangemen who believe it is their right to walk on public roads.
  5. "Protestant fraternity returns to spiritual home". Reuters. 30 Mey 2009. Retrieved 25 August 2010. The Orange Order's parades, with their distinctive soundtrack of thunderous drums and pipes, are seen by many Catholics in Northern Ireland as a triumphalist display.
  6. "Ormeau Road frustration". An Phoblacht. 27 Apryle 2000. Retrieved 25 August 2010. The overwhelming majority of nationalists view Orange parades as triumphalist coat trailing exercises.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Kinder, gentler or same old Orange?". Irish Central. 23 Julie 2009. Retrieved 25 August 2010. The annual Orange marches have passed relatively peacefully in Northern Ireland this year, and it seems a good faith effort is underway to try and reorient the day from one of triumphalism to one of community outreach and a potential tourist attraction ... The 12th may well have been a celebration of a long-ago battle at the Boyne in 1690, but it came to symbolize for generations of Catholics the "croppie lie down" mentality on the Orange side. The thunderous beat of the huge drums was just a small way of instilling fear into the Nationalist communities, while the insistence on marching wherever they liked through Nationalist neighbourhoods was also a statement of supremacy and contempt for the feelings of the other community.
  8. Connolly, Sean J (2008). Divided kingdom: Ireland, 1630–1800. Oxford University Press. p. 432. Modern Irish republicans may look back to the United Irishmen as the founders of their tradition. But the one present-day organisation that can trace an unbroken descent from the 1790s is the Protestant supremacist Orange Order.
  9. Roe, Paul (2005). Ethnic violence and the societal security dilemma. Routledge. p. 62. Ignatieff explains how the victory of William of Orange over Catholic King James 'became a founding myth of ethnic superiority ... The Ulstermen's reward, as they saw it, was permanent ascendancy over the Catholic Irish'. Thus, Orange Order marches have come to symbolise the supremacy of Protestantism over Catholicism in Northern Ireland.
  10. Wilson, Ron (1976). "Is it a religious war?". A flower grows in Ireland. University Press of Mississippi. p. 127. At the close of the eighteenth century, Protestants, again feeling the threat of the Catholic majority, began forming secret societies which coalesced into the Orange Order. Its main purpose has always been to maintain Protestant supremacy
  11. "... No catholic and no-one whose close relatives are catholic may be a member." Northern Ireland The Orange State, Michael Farrell
  12. McGarry, John & O'Leary, Brendan (1995). Explaining Northern Ireland: Broken Images. Blackwell Publishers. p. 180. ISBN 978-0-631-18349-5. Cite uses deprecated parameter |lastauthoramp= (help)
  13. Lynch, Paul (31 October 2005). "Perspective – The Orange Marches". Australian Broadcasting Commission. Retrieved 28 Mey 2013.
  14. Curtis, Jennifer (2014). Human Rights as War by Other Means: Peace Politics in Northern Ireland. p. 122. ISBN 9780812209877. Loyal (Protestant) orders, the largest being the Orange Order, hold the most well-known and controversial parades.
  15. Reardon, Lawrence C. (2006). The Catholic Church and the Nation-State: Comparative Perspectives. p. 126. ISBN 1589017242. The 'Marching Days' beginning on July 12 each year ... are considered highlights of the Protestant calendar. Unfortunately, the 'Marches wind their way through Catholic enclaves, a provocative move that ensures resistance, trouble, and often violence.