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Obninsk (Scots)
Обнинск (Roushie)
-  City[1]  -
RIAN archive 457232 Views of Obninsk.jpg
Aerial view o Obninsk
Missing map.svg
Coat of Arms of Obninsk (Kaluga oblast) proposal (2003 N2).png
Coat o airms o Obninsk
Admeenistrative status (as o October 2011)
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Kaluga Oblast[1]
Admeenistratively subordinatit tae Ceety o Obninsk[1]
Admeenistrative centre o Ceety o Obninsk[1]
Municipal status (as of October 2011)
Urban okrug Obninsk Urban Okrug[2]
Admeenistrative centre o Obninsk Urban Okrug[2]
Aurie 42.97 km2 (16.59 sq mi)[citation needit]
Population (2010 Census) 104,739 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 153rd
Density 2,437/km2 (6,310/sq mi)[4]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[5]
Founded 1946[citation needit]
City status syne 1956[citation needit]
Postal code(s)[6] 249030
Dialin code(s) +7 48439[citation needit]
Offeecial wabsteid
Obninsk on Wikimedia Commons

Obninsk (Roushie: О́бнинск) is a ceety in Kaluga Oblast, Roushie, locatit on the bank o the Protva River 100 kilometers (62 mi) soothwast o Moscow an 80 kilometers (50 mi) frae Kaluga. Population: 104,739 (2010 Census).[3]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The history o Obninsk began in 1945 when the First Research Institute Laboratory "V", which later became ken as IPPE wis foondit. The ceety wis built next tae the plant in order tae support it. Scientists, ingineers, construction wirkers, teachers an ither profeesionals muivit tae Obninsk frae aw ower the Soviet Union. Toun status wis grantit tae Obninsk on 24 Juin 1956. The name o the ceety is taken frae Obninskoye, the train station in Moscow-Bryansk railwey, built in Tsarist times.

Admeenistrative an municipal status[eedit | eedit soorce]

Athin the framewirk o admeenistrative diveesions, it is incorporatit as the Ceety o Obninsk—an admeenistrative unit wi the status equal tae that o the destricts.[1] As a municipal diveesion, the Ceety o Obninsk is incorporatit as Obninsk Urban Okrug.[2]

Demografics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae the 2010 Census, the population o the ceety wis 104,739,[3] doun frae 105,706 recordit in the 2002 Census,[7] but up frae 100,178 recordit in the 1989 Census.[8]

The average age o the citizens is thirty-nine years.[9]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety is locatit on the main rail line atween Moscow an Kiev an at the intersection o Kiev an Warsaw heich-gates. Three internaitional airports are athin reach frae Obninsk: Vnukovo (70 km), Domodedovo (100 km), an Sheremetyevo (130 km). Cargo airfield Yermolino is anerlie 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) awa.

Science an education[eedit | eedit soorce]

View o the umwhile Obninsk Nuclear Pouer Plant

Obninsk is ane o the major Roushie science ceeties. In 2000, it wis awairdit the status o the First Science Ceety o Roushie. The ceety is hame tae twal scientific research institutes. Their main activities are nuclear pouer ingineerin, nuclear methods an radiation technologie, technologie o nan-metallic materials, medical radiologie, meteorologie an ecologie an environmental protection.[9]

The first nuclear pouer plant in the warld for the lairge-scale production o electricity opened here on 27 Juin 1954, an it doubled as a trainin base for the crew o the Soviet Union's first nuclear submarine an aw, the K-3 Leninsky Komsomol. Nou the ceety is hame tae twal scientific research institutes. Their main activities are nuclear pouer ingineerin, radiation technologie, medical radiologie, an meteorologie.

Obninsk is famous for its meteorological touer which wis built tae study spreadin o radiation frae the nuclear station.

The follaein institutes are locatit in the ceety:[10]

  • State Scientific Center of Russian Federation Institute for Physics and Power Engineering
  • State Scientific Center of Russian Federation Obninsk Scientific Production Enterprise "Tekhnologiya"
  • Medical Radiological Research Center of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • Obninsk Branch of the State Scientific Center of the Russian Federation "Karpov Institute of Physical Chemistry"
  • Obninsk Institute for Nuclear Power Engineering
  • Russian Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information (World Data Center)
  • Central Pilot Expedition of the Geophysical Service of the Russian Academy of Sciences
  • Russian Research Institute of Agricultural Radiology and Agroecology
  • Central Design Bureau of Hydrometeorological Instrumentation
  • Russian Research Institute of Agricultural Meteorology
  • Scientific Production Association TYPHOON

Govrenment[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Heid o the Ceety Admeenistration is Alexander Avdeyev.[11]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Obninsk haes three sister ceeties, as designatit bi Sister Cities International:

Obninsk haes a partnership wi an aw:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Charter of Kaluga Oblast
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Law #7-OZ
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census) (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved Juin 29, 2012. 
  4. The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  5. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 05 апреля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of April 05, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Roushie Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Roushie)
  7. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (Mey 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Roushie). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Business Guide to the Kaluga Region of Russia" (PDF). Jyväskylä University of Applied Sciences. 2009. 
  10. "Research & Education". City of Obninsk. 
  11. Alexander Avdeyev

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Законодательное Собрание Калужской области. №473 27 марта 1996 г. «Устав Калужской области», в ред. Закона №282-ОЗ от 4 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Устав Калужской области». Опубликован: "Весть", №79, 9 апреля 1996 г. (Legislative Assembly of Kaluga Oblast. #473 March 27, 1996 Charter of Kaluga Oblast, as amended by the Law #282-OZ of June 4, 2012 On Amending the Charter of Kaluga Oblast. ).
  • Законодательное Собрание Калужской области. Закон №7-ОЗ от 28 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, расположенных на территории административно-территориальных единиц "Бабынинский район", "Боровский район", "Дзержинский район", "Жиздринский район", "Жуковский район", "Износковский район", "Козельский район", "Малоярославецкий район", "Мосальский район", "Ферзиковский район", "Хвастовичский район", "город Калуга", "город Обнинск", и наделении их статусом городского поселения, сельского поселения, городского округа, муниципального района», в ред. Закона №374-ОЗ от 26 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Калужской области в связи с изменением статуса населённого пункта Истье Жуковского района Калужской области». Вступил в силу после официального опубликования, за исключением положений о муниципальном образовании "Город Калуга", для которых установлены иные сроки вступления в силу. Опубликован: "Весть", №402–404, 29 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Kaluga Oblast. Law #7-OZ of December 28, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Located on the Territory of the Administrative-Territorial Units of "Babyninsky District", "Borovsky District", "Dzerzhinsky District", "Zhizdrinsky District", "Zhukovsky District", "Iznoskovsky District", "Kozelsky District", "Maloyaroslavetsky District", "Mosalsky District", "Ferzikovsky District", "Khvastovichsky District", "City of Kaluga", "City of Obninsk", and on Granting Them the Status of an Urban Settlement, Rural Settlement, Urban Okrug, Municipal District, as amended by the Law #374-OZ of December 26, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of Kaluga Oblast Due to the Change in Status of the Inhabited Locality of Istye in Zhukovsky District of Kaluga Oblast. Effective as of after the official publication, with the exception of the clauses regarding the municipal formation of the "City of Kaluga", for which different dates of taking effect are specified.).

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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