Naitional Rally (Fraunce)

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Naitional Rally
Rassemblement national
PresesMarine Le Pen
General SecretarNicolas Bay
FoonderJean-Marie Le Pen[1]
FoonditOctober 5, 1972; 49 years ago (1972-10-05)
Heidquarters76-78 rue des Suisses, 92000 Nanterre, Hauts-de-Seine
Youth weengFront Naitional Youth
Membership  (2015)51551
IdeologyFrench naitionalism[2]
Naitional conservatism[3]
Social conservatism[4]
Richt-weeng populism[4][5]
Poleetical poseetionRicht-weeng[11] tae Far-richt[12][13][14]
Naitional affiliationRassemblement bleu Marine
Internaitional affiliationNone
European affiliationMuivement for a Europe o Naitions an Freedom
European Pairlament groupEurope o Naitions an Freedom
Colours             Blue, White, Reid
Naitional Assembly
2 / 577
2 / 348
European Pairlament
23 / 74
Regional Cooncils
358 / 1,758
General Cooncils
61 / 4,108
Municipal Cooncils
1,545 / 536,519

*Umwhile pairt o the European Richt (1984–89), European Richt (1989–94), Technical Group o Independents (1999–2001) an Identity, Tradition, Sovereignty (2007).

The National Rally (French: Rassemblement national, RN), known as the National Front (French: Front national, pronounced [f]; FN) until 2018, is a socially conservative, an naitionalist, richt[11] tae far-richt [15][16][17][18][19][20] poleetical pairty in Fraunce.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Vive la difference - has France's National Front changed?".
  2. Wolfram Nordsieck. "Parties and Elections in Europe". Retrieved 31 Mairch 2015.
  3. Daley, Suzanne (30 September 2014). "Seeking New Heights in France, National Front Party Thinks Locally". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  4. a b "Depuis 2011, le FN est devenu "protectionniste au sens large"". Liberation. 21 Apryle 2014.
  5. Taylor, Adam (8 Januar 2015). "French far-right leader seeks to reintroduce death penalty after Charlie Hebdo attack". Retrieved 31 Mairch 2015.
  6. "Immigration | Stopper l'immigration, renforcer l'identité française | Front National". Front National. Archived frae the original on 7 August 2013. Retrieved 1 Januar 2015.
  7. Zaslove, Andrej. "Exclusion, Community, and a Populist Political Economy: The Radical Right as an Anti-Globalization Movement", Comparative European Politics (2008) 6, 169–189. doi:10.1057/palgrave.cep.6110126
  8. John Lichfield (26 Mey 2014). "European elections 2014: Marine Le Pen's Front National victory in France is based on anguish, rage and denial". London: The Independent. Archived frae the original on 24 September 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  9. "Economic Voting and the national Front : Towards a Subregional Understanding of the Extreme-Right" (PDF). Retrieved 31 Mairch 2015.
  10. "Qu'est-ce qui fait échouer le Front de gauche ?". Marianne. 17 Januar 2014. Archived frae the original on 4 Mairch 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2015.
  11. a b[deid airtin]
  13. Fairless, Tom; Norman, Laurence (16 Juin 2015). "Marine Le Pen and Geert Wilders to Announce Far-Right Bloc". The Wall Street Journal.
  15. Arthur Goldhammer (2015). “Explaining the Rise of the Front National: Political Rhetoric or Cultural Insecurity?” French Politics, Culture, & Society, vol. 33, Issue 22 (Summer 2015): 145-147.
  16. Mondon, A., 2015. The French secular hypocrisy:the extreme right, the Republic and the battle for hegemony. Patterns of Prejudice, 49 (4), pp. 392-413.
  17. Halikiopoulou, D. and Vlandas, T. (2015), The Rise of the Far Right in Debtor and Creditor European Countries: The Case of European Parliament Elections. The Political Quarterly, 86: 279–288. doi: 10.1111/1467-923X.12168
  18. Anthony M. Messina (2015). The political and policy impacts of extreme right parties in time and context. Ethnic and Racial Studies 2015; 38: 1355.
  19. Michelle Hale William (2015). Are radical right-wing parties the black holes in party space? Implications and limitations in impact assessment of radical right-wing parties. Ethnic and Racial Studies 2015; 38: 1329.
  20. Goodliffe, Gabriel, (2012). The Resurgence of the Radical Right in France : from Boulangisme to the Front National. Cambridge ; New York :Cambridge University Press, 2012.