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Naitional Rally (Fraunce)

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Naitional Rally
Rassemblement national
PresesMarine Le Pen
General SecretarNicolas Bay
FoonderJean-Marie Le Pen[1]
FoonditOctober 5, 1972; 51 years ago (1972-10-05)
Heidquarters76-78 rue des Suisses, 92000 Nanterre, Hauts-de-Seine
Youth weengFront Naitional Youth
Membership  (2015)51551
IdeologyFrench naitionalism[2]
Naitional conservatism[3]
Social conservatism[4]
Richt-weeng populism[4][5]
Poleetical poseetionRicht-weeng[11] tae Far-richt[12][13][14]
Naitional affiliationRassemblement bleu Marine
Internaitional affiliationNone
European affiliationMuivement for a Europe o Naitions an Freedom
European Pairlament groupEurope o Naitions an Freedom
Colours             Blue, White, Reid
Naitional Assembly
88 / 577
2 / 348
European Pairlament
23 / 74
Regional Cooncils
358 / 1,758
General Cooncils
61 / 4,108
Municipal Cooncils
1,545 / 536,519

*Umwhile pairt o the European Richt (1984–89), European Richt (1989–94), Technical Group o Independents (1999–2001) an Identity, Tradition, Sovereignty (2007).

The National Rally (French: Rassemblement national, RN), known as the National Front (French: Front national, pronounced [f na.sj.nal]; FN) until 2018, is a socially conservative, an naitionalist, richt[11] tae far-richt [15][16][17][18][19][20] poleetical pairty in Fraunce.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Vive la difference - has France's National Front changed?". bbc.com.
  2. Wolfram Nordsieck. "Parties and Elections in Europe". Parties-and-elections.eu. Retrieved 31 Mairch 2015.
  3. Daley, Suzanne (30 September 2014). "Seeking New Heights in France, National Front Party Thinks Locally". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  4. a b "Depuis 2011, le FN est devenu "protectionniste au sens large"". Liberation. 21 Apryle 2014.
  5. Taylor, Adam (8 Januar 2015). "French far-right leader seeks to reintroduce death penalty after Charlie Hebdo attack". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 31 Mairch 2015.
  6. "Immigration | Stopper l'immigration, renforcer l'identité française | Front National". Front National. Archived frae the original on 7 August 2013. Retrieved 1 Januar 2015.
  7. Zaslove, Andrej. "Exclusion, Community, and a Populist Political Economy: The Radical Right as an Anti-Globalization Movement", Comparative European Politics (2008) 6, 169–189. doi:10.1057/palgrave.cep.6110126
  8. John Lichfield (26 Mey 2014). "European elections 2014: Marine Le Pen's Front National victory in France is based on anguish, rage and denial". London: The Independent. Archived frae the original on 24 September 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  9. "Economic Voting and the national Front : Towards a Subregional Understanding of the Extreme-Right" (PDF). Politics.as.nyu.edu. Retrieved 31 Mairch 2015.
  10. "Qu'est-ce qui fait échouer le Front de gauche ?". Marianne. 17 Januar 2014. Archived frae the original on 4 Mairch 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2015.
  11. a b http://global.britannica.com/topic/National-Front-political-party-France[deid airtin]
  12. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/mar/22/front-national-far-right-france-local-elections-nicolas-sarkozy-ump-win-first-round
  13. Fairless, Tom; Norman, Laurence (16 Juin 2015). "Marine Le Pen and Geert Wilders to Announce Far-Right Bloc". The Wall Street Journal.
  14. http://www.lemonde.fr/les-decodeurs/article/2015/04/10/pourquoi-le-fn-reste-resolument-un-parti-d-extreme-droite_4613845_4355770.html
  15. Arthur Goldhammer (2015). “Explaining the Rise of the Front National: Political Rhetoric or Cultural Insecurity?” French Politics, Culture, & Society, vol. 33, Issue 22 (Summer 2015): 145-147.
  16. Mondon, A., 2015. The French secular hypocrisy:the extreme right, the Republic and the battle for hegemony. Patterns of Prejudice, 49 (4), pp. 392-413.
  17. Halikiopoulou, D. and Vlandas, T. (2015), The Rise of the Far Right in Debtor and Creditor European Countries: The Case of European Parliament Elections. The Political Quarterly, 86: 279–288. doi: 10.1111/1467-923X.12168
  18. Anthony M. Messina (2015). The political and policy impacts of extreme right parties in time and context. Ethnic and Racial Studies 2015; 38: 1355.
  19. Michelle Hale William (2015). Are radical right-wing parties the black holes in party space? Implications and limitations in impact assessment of radical right-wing parties. Ethnic and Racial Studies 2015; 38: 1329.
  20. Goodliffe, Gabriel, (2012). The Resurgence of the Radical Right in France : from Boulangisme to the Front National. Cambridge ; New York :Cambridge University Press, 2012.