Nagorno-Karabakh Republic

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Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
Լեռնային Ղարաբաղի Հանրապետություն
Lernayin Gharabaghi Hanrapetutyun
Banner Coat o Airms
(Banner) (Coat o Airms)
Motto: nane
Nagorno-Karabakh
Offeecial leid Armenian
Caipital
(an lairgest ceety)
Stepanakert
Guvrenment 
 - Preses
 - Prime meenister
Bako Sahakyan
Arayik Harutyunyan 
Area
 - Tot

11,458.38 km²
Population
 - 2010
 
141,400
Foondin
 - Proclaimed
 - Recognition
 
6 Januar 1992
Bi 3 nan-UN members;
Siller Armenian dram (AMD)
Time zone UTC + 4, Simmer: UTC + 5
Naitional anthem Ազատ ու Անկախ Արցախ (Armenian)
Azat u Ankakh Artsakh   (transcription)
"Free an Independent Artsakh"
Internet TLD .nkr.am
Cawin code +374 47 (+374 97 for mobile phones)
Nagorno karabakh republic.png

The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR)[1] (Armenie: Լեռնային Ղարաբաղի ՀանրապետությունLernayin Gharabaghi Hanrapetut’yun), or Artsakh Republic (Armenie: Արցախի ՀանրապետությունArts'akhi Hanrapetut’yun)[1] is a de facto independent republic locatit in the Nagorno-Karabakh region o the Sooth Caucasus. It controls maist o the territory of the umwhile Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast an several Azerbaijani districts adjacent tae the borders o Azerbaijan wi Armenie tae the wast an Iran tae the sooth.[2]

The predominantly Armenian-populatit region o Nagorno-Karabakh became disputit atween Armenie an Azerbaijan when baith countries gained independence from the Russian Empire in 1918. After the Soviet Union established control ower the aurie, in 1923 it formed the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast (NKAO) athin the Azerbaijan SSR. In the final years o the Soviet Union, the region re-emerged as a source o dispute atween Armenie an Azerbaijan, culminatin in a lairge ethnic conflict an, eventually, in the Nagorno-Karabakh War that wis fought frae 1991 tae 1994.

On December 10, 1991, as the Soviet Union wis collapsin, a referendum held in the NKAO an the neighborin Shahumian region resultit in a declaration o unthrildom frae Azerbaijan as the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The kintra remains unrecognized bi ony UN-member state, includin Armenie. Anerlie Transnistrie, Sooth Ossetie, an Abkhazie, aw UN non-members recognises the state.

Syne the ceasefire in 1994, maist o Nagorno-Karabakh an several regions o Azerbaijan aroond it remain unner the joint Armenian an Nagorno-Karabakh military control. Representatives o the governments o Armenie an Azerbaijan hae syne been hauldin peace talks mediatit bi the OSCE Minsk Group.

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