Kurdistan Wirkers' Pairty

Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
Kurdistan Wirkers' Pairty
Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan (PKK)
Foondit1974 (1974)
Airmed WingFowk's Defence Force (HPG)
Democratic Confederalism[1][2][3][4][5]
Marxism–Leninism (formerly)
Maoism (formerly)
Poleetical poseetionFar-left[6]
Internaitional affiliationKoma Civakên Kurdistan

The Kurdistan Wirkers' Pairty (Kurdish: Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan‎ or پارتی کار که‌رانی کوردستان (Parti Karkerani Kurdistan)), commonly kent as PKK, kent as KGK an umwhile kent as KADEK (Freedom an Democracy Congress o Kurdistan) or KONGRA-GEL (Kurdistan Fowk's Congress) an aw,[7] is a Kurdish organisation which frae 1984 tae 2013 foucht an airmed struggle against the Turkish state for an autonomous Kurdistan an cultural an poleetical richts for the Kurds in Turkey.[8] The group wis foondit in 1978 in the veelage of Fis, near Lice an wis led bi Abdullah Öcalan.[9] The PKK's ideology wis oreeginally a fusion of revolutionary socialism an Kurdish nationalism — awtho syne his imprisonment, Öcalan haes abandoned orthodox Marxism.[10] The PKK is leetit as a terrorist organisation internaitionally bi several states an organisations, includin NATO, the Unitit States an the European Union.[7] In 2013 the PKK ceased fire an began widrawin tae northren Iraq.

The name 'PKK' is uisually uised interchyngeably for the name o its airmed wing, the Fowk's Defence Force (HPG), which wis umwhile cried the Kurdistan Naitional Liberty Airmy (ARGK).[11]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b Jongerden, Joost. "Rethinking Politics and Democracy in the Middle East" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 15 Mairch 2016. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
  2. Ocalan, Abdullah (2011). Democratic Confederalism (PDF). ISBN 978-0-9567514-2-3. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
  3. Ocalan, Abdullah (2 Apryle 2005). "The declaration of Democratic Confederalism". KurdishMedia.com. Archived frae the original on 23 December 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
  4. "Bookchin devrimci mücadelemizde yaşayacaktır". Savaş Karşıtları (in Turkish). 26 August 2006. Archived frae the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
  5. Wood, Graeme (26 October 2007). "Among the Kurds". The Atlantic. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
  6. Halliday, Fred (24 Januar 2005). The Middle East in International Relations: Power, Politics and Ideology. Cambridge University Press. p. 247. ISBN 9780521597418. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
  7. a b "Chapter 6—Terrorist Groups". Country Reports on Terrorism. United States Department of State. 27 Apryle 2005. Archived frae the original on 5 Mey 2007. Retrieved 23 Julie 2008.
  8. Tahiri, Hussein. The Structure of Kurdish Society and the Struggle for a Kurdish State. Costa Mesa, California: Mazda Publications 2007. pp 232 ff
  9. Abdullah Öcalan and the development of the PKK[deid airtin]
  10. Abdullah Ocalan, "Prison Writings: The Roots of Civilisation", 2007, Pluto Press. (p. 243-277)
  11. Terrorist Organization Profile – START – National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism Archived 2013-12-30 at the Wayback Machine. Start.umd.edu. Retrieved on 15 July 2013.