Kakhovka

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Kakhovka
Каховка
Banner o Kakhovka
Banner
Coat o airms o Kakhovka
Coat o airms
Map o Ukraine wi Kakhovka heichlichtit.
Map o Ukraine wi Kakhovka heichlichtit.
Coordinates: 46°48′N 33°28′E / 46.800°N 33.467°E / 46.800; 33.467Coordinates: 46°48′N 33°28′E / 46.800°N 33.467°E / 46.800; 33.467
Kintra
Oblast
Raion
 Ukraine
Kherson Oblast
Kakhovka Raion
Foondit 1791
Population (2001)
 • Tot 38,000
Postal code 74800
Aurie code(s) +380 5536
Wabsteid http://www.kakhovka.ks.ua

Kakhovka (Ukrainian: Каховка, Roushie: Кахо́вка) is a port ceety on the Dnieper River in the Kherson Oblast (province) o soothren Ukraine. Servin as the admeenistrative centre o the Kakhovka Raion (destrict), the ceety itsel is designatit as a separate raion athin the oblast an aw, an is locatit at aroond 46°48′37″N 33°28′36″E / 46.81028°N 33.47667°E / 46.81028; 33.47667.

It is hame tae the KZEZO (Electro-Welding Equipment Plant) as well as the Tavria Gemmes festival.

Thare is a Swadish consulate in Kakhovka.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1492 Meñli I Giray established a fortress near the steid o the day's Kakhovka cried İslâm Kermen (later cried Shagin-Girei an aw, presumably efter Şahin Giray). It wis frequently attackit bi Cossacks an wis feenally destroyed bi thaim unner the leadership o Ivan Mazepa in 1695. In 1791 the Roushie Colonel D.M. Kulikovsky foondit the trade toun o Kakhovka. In 1848 the toun obtained ceety richts. In the 1870s–90s the toun wis renouned for haein a huge population o law-income contractors (batraki).

In Dizember 1918, bi the decision o the admeenistration o the Dnipro povit (uyezd), Kakhovka wis declared a ceety. In August 1920, durin the feenal push in the Roushie Ceevil War tae drive the Whites unner Wrangel oot o the Crimea, Ieronim Uborevich established a brigheid at Kakhovka, which became the steid o fierce battles, "probably the closest the Ceevil War came tae warld war trench fechtin."[1]

In 1972 the Verkhovna Rada o the Ukrainian SSR gave the ceety the rank o "ceety o oblast subordinance" athin Kherson Oblast.

Cultural influence[eedit | eedit soorce]

The 1935 film Three Friends (Три товарища) includit the sang "Kakhovka" (wirds bi Mikhail Svetlov an muisic bi Isaak Dunayevsky), which became vera well kent, especially the refrain "Мы мирные люди, но наш бронепоезд/ Стоит на запасном пути" ("We are peaceful fowk, but oor airmored train/ Staunds [ready] on the sidin"). Svetlov chose the steid o the little-kent Ceevil War battle for his sang acause he haed grown up nearbi an haed kent the toun durin the war.[2]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Evan Mawdsley, The Russian Civil War (Edinburgh: Birlinn, 2008), p. 268.
  2. "Песня о Каховке".