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Interpol heidquarters in Lyon, Fraunce.

Interpol, whose full name is the Internaitional Criminal Police Organization – INTERPOL (Scots: Internaitional Creeminal Polis Organization),[1] is an organization facilitatin internaitional polis cooperation. It wis established as the Internaitional Criminal Police Commission in 1923 an adoptit its telegraphic address as its common name in 1956.

Its membership o 188 kintras provides finance o aroond $59 million throu annual contreibutions. The organization's heidquarters is in Lyon, Fraunce. It is the seicont lairgest intergovrenmental organization efter the Unitit Naitions.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The first significant muive towards creatin INTERPOL wis in 1914 at the First Internaitional Creeminal Polis Congress. Police officers, lawyers an magistrates frae 14 kintras gathered in Monaco tae discuss reest procedures, identification techniques, centralized internaitional creeminal records an extradition proceedins. Housomeivver Warld War I delayed this initiative an it wis no till 1923 that Interpol wis foondit in Austrick as the Internaitional Creeminal Police (ICP).

Follaein the Anschluss (Austrick's annexation bi Germany) in 1938, the organization fell unner the control o Nazi Germany, an the Commission's heidquarters wur eventually moved tae Berlin in 1942. Frae 1938 tae 1945, the presidents o Interpol includit Otto Steinhäusl, Reinhard Heydrich, Arthur Nebe, an Ernst Kaltenbrunner. Aw wur generals in the SS, an Kaltenbrunner wis the heichest rankin SS officer executit efter the Nuremberg Trials. Reinhard Heydrich wis assassinatit bi Czech (Kubiš) an Slovak (Gabčík) patriots in 1942.

Efter the end o World War II in 1945, the organization wis revived as the Internaitional Creeminal Polis Organization bi European Allied offeecials frae Belgium, Fraunce, Scandinavie an the Unitit Kinrick. Its new heidquarters wur establisht in Saunt-Cloud, a toun on the ootskirts o Paris. Thay remained thare till 1989, when thay wur moved tae thair present location, Lyon.

Constitution[eedit | eedit soorce]

The role o Interpol is defined bi the general proveesions o its Constitution.

In airticle 2
  1. Tae ensure an promote the widest possible mutual assistance atween aw creeminal polis authorities athin the leemits o the laws existin in the different kintras an in the spirit o the Universal Declaration o Human Richts.
  2. Tae establish an develop aw institutions likely tae contribute effectively tae the prevention an suppression o ordinary law creemes.
In airticle 3

It is strictly forbidden for the Organization tae unnertake ony intervention or activities o a poleetical, military, releegious or racial character.

Secretaries-general an presidents[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ronald Noble at 6t Global Congress aboot combatin piracy an coonterfeiltin

Secretaries-general syne organization's inception in 1923:

Austrick Oskar Dressler 1923-1946
Fraunce Louis Ducloux 1946-1951
Fraunce Marcel Sicot 1951-1963
Fraunce Jean Népote 1963-1978
Fraunce André Bossard 1978-1985
Unitit Kinrick Raymond Kendall 1985-2000
United States Ronald Noble 2000–present

Presidents syne organization's inception in 1923:

Austrick Johann Schober 1923-1932
Austrick Franz Brandl 1932-1934
Austrick Eugen Seydel 1934-1935
Austrick Michael Skubl 1935-1938
Germany Otto Steinhäusl 1938-1940
Germany Reinhard Heydrich 1940-1942
Germany Arthur Nebe 1942-1943
Germany Ernst Kaltenbrunner 1943-1945
Belgium Florent Louwage 1945-1956
Portugal Agostinho Lourenço 1956-1960
Unitit Kinrick Richard Jackson 1960-1963
Finland Fjalar Jarva 1963-1964
Belgium Firmin Franssen 1964-1968
Germany Paul Dickopf 1968-1972
Canadae William Leonard Higgitt 1972-1976
Swaden Carl Persson 1976-1980
Philippines Jolly Bugarin 1980-1984
United States John Simpson 1984-1988
Fraunce Ivan Barbot 1988-1992
Canadae Norman Inkster 1992-1994
Swaden Björn Eriksson 1994-1996
Japan Toshinori Kanemoto 1996-2000
Spain Jesús Espigares Mira 2000-2004
Sooth Africae Jackie Selebi 2004-2008
Chile Arturo Herrera Verdugo actin preses till the General Assembly in Saunt Petersburg in October 2008, an candidate for the Preses on that General Assembly
Singapore Khoo Boon Hui Oct 2008–present

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "About INTERPOL". Archived frae the original on 26 Mey 2012. Retrieved 1 December 2010.