IBM

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Internaitional Business Machines Corporation
Type Public
Traded as NYSEIBM
Dow Jones Industrial Average Component
S&P 500 Component
Industrie Computer hardware, Computer saftware,
IT services, IT consultin
Foondit Endicott, New York, U.S.
(Juin 16, 1911 (1911-06-16))
Foonder(s) Charles Ranlett Flint
Heidquairters Armonk, New York, U.S.
Aurie servit Warldwide
Key fowk Ginni Rometty
(Chairman, Preses, an CEO)
Products See IBM products
Revenue Decrease US$ 106.916 billion (2011)
Operatin income Increase US$ 021.90 billion (2012)[1]
Net income Increase US$ 016.60 billion (2012)[1]
Total assets Increase US$ 119.21 billion (2012)[1]
Total equity Decrease US$ 018.86 billion (2012)[1]
Employees 434,246 (December 31, 2012)[2]
Diveesions Financin, Hardware, Services, Saftware
Wabsteid IBM.com

Internaitional Business Machines Corporation, or IBM, is an American multinaitional technology an consultin corporation, wi heidquarters in Armonk, New York, Unitit States. IBM manufactures an mercats computer hardware an saftware, an offers infrastructur, hostin an consultin services in auries rangin frae mainframe computers tae nanotechnology.[3]

The company wis foondit in 1911 as the Computin Tabulatin Recordin Company (CTR) through a merger o three companies: the Tabulatin Machine Company, the Internaitional Time Recordin Company, an the Computin Scale Company.[4][5] CTR adoptit the name Internaitional Business Machines in 1924, uisin a name previously designatiy tae CTR's subsidiar in Canadae an later Sooth Americae. Security analysts nicknamed IBM Big Blue in recognition o IBM's common uise o blue in products, packagin, an logo.[6]

In 2012, Fortune ranked IBM the #2 lairgest U.S. firm in terms o nummer o employees (433,362),[7] the #4 lairgest in terms o mercat caipitalization,[8] the #9 maist profitable,[9] an the #19 lairgest firm in terms o revenue.[10] Globally, the company wis ranked the #31 lairgest in terms o revenue bi Forbes for 2011.[11][12] Ether rankins for 2011/2012 include #1 company for leaders (Fortune), #1 green company warldwide (Newsweek), #2 baist global brand (Interbrand), #2 maist respectit company (Barron's), #5 maist admired company (Fortune), an #18 maist innovative company (Fast Company).[13]

IBM haes 12 research laboratories warldwide an, as o 2013, haes held the record for maist patents generatit bi a company for 20 consecutive years.[14] Its employees hae garnered five Nobel Prizes, sax Turing Awairds, ten Naitional Medals o Technology, an five Naitional Medals o Science.[15] Notable inventions bi IBM include the automatit teller machine (ATM), the floppy disk, the hard disk drive, the magnetic stripe card, the relational database, the Universal Product Code (UPC), the financial swap, SABRE airline reservation seestem, DRAM, an Watson artifeecial intelligence.

The company haes unnergone several organizational chynges syne its inception, acquirin companies such as Kenexa (2012) an SPSS (2009) an organizations such as PwC's consultin business (2002), spinnin aff companies like Lexmark (1991), an sellin aff product lines like ThinkPad tae Lenovo (2005).

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "IBM Corporation Financials Statements". United States Securities and Exchange Commission. 
  2. "2012 IBM Annual Report". IBM.com. 
  3. "Nanotechnology & Nanoscience". 
  4. "IBM Archives: Frequently Asked Questions". 
  5. Bennett, Frank P.; and Company (June 17 1911). United States Investor. 22, Part 1. p. 1025. 
  6. Simmons, William W. (1988). Inside IBM: The Watson Years, A Personal Memoir. Dorrance & Co. p. 137. 
  7. "Fortune 500: IBM employees". Fortune. 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  8. "Fortune 500: IBM employees". Fortune. 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  9. "Fortune 20 most profitable companies: IBM". Fortune. 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  10. "Fortune 500: IBM". Fortune. 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  11. "The World's Biggest Public Companies". Forbes. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  12. "IBM". Forbes. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  13. "IBM rankings". Ranking the Brands. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
  14. "IBM Granted Most U.S. Patents for 20th Straight Year". 2013-01-10. 
  15. "Awards & Achievements". IBM. Retrieved 2012-05-23. 

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]

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