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Coordinates: 55°11′37.3″N 3°52′18.6″W / 55.193694°N 3.871833°W / 55.193694; -3.871833

Glencairn Pairish Kirk
Glencairn Kirk
DenominationKirk o Scotland
Foondit12t century
Functional statusPairish Kirk
Heritage designationCategory A
Designatit3 August 1971
Airchitect(s)William McCandlish
StyleGothic Revival
Years biggit1836
Construction cost£2000
PresbyteryDumfries an Kirkcoubrie
SynodDumfries an Gallowa
Meenister(s)Rev. Jannie du Plessis

Glencairn is an ecclesiastical an ceevil pairish in the historical coonty o Dumfriesshire, in Dumfries an Gallowa, Scotland.

Location[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae John Bartholomew's 1887 Gazetteer of the British Isles, the pairish in wast Dumfriesshire kivert 30,083 acre. The pairish includit the veelage o Minnyhive, an lay 8 mile soothwast o Thornhill railwey station.[1] In 1887 the pairish haed a population o 1,737.[1] As o 2011, the community cooncil, includin the veelages o Kirkland an Minnyhive, haed a population o aboot 945.[2]

The community cooncil streetches alang the dale formt bi Dalwhat Watter an syne the Cairn Watter. Minnyhive is surroondit bi hills, and lies at the ppynt whaur the Dalwhat Watter, Craigdarroch Watter, and Castlefairn Watter converge tae form the Cairn Watter, that flowes doun the Cairn Dale tae jyne the River Nith juist north o Dumfries.

The smaw amoont o flet laund in the cooncil aurie is vulnerable tae fluidin.[2]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Cunninghams teuk the title o Yerl o Glencairn fae the pairish.[1] Glencairn Castle in Minnyhive, noo cried Maxwelton Hoose, dates back tae 1370.[3] First awnt bi the Dennistouns, it wis passt bi mairiage tae Clan Cunningham, whase chiefs becam the Yerls o Glencairn in 1488. In 1611 the castle wis selt til the Laurie faimily. Annie Laurie, the subject o an auld Scots poem, wis born in the castle in 1682. The oreeginan tour hoose haes been muckle stendit an modrenized, an is noo mair o a big hoose nor a castle.[4] The hoose haes been replenisht an is noo a preevat dwallin.[3]

View o the Covenanter Moniment in Minnyhive, Dumfriesshire, til the Reverend James Renwick

James Renwick (1662-1688) wis born in Minnyhive, the son o a weaver. He becam a Scots meenister, an he wis the last o the Covenanter mairtyrs.[5] Efter the Covenanter John Blackadder haed been flemit fae his pairish at Troqueer, near Dumfries, in 1662 he flittit tae Caitloch in Glencairn pairish, whaur he whiles preachit tae lairge assemmlys. Whan the authoritys heard aboot his acteevitys, he was gart tae flit again, an begoud a wanderin life.[6]

The Glencairn Pairish Kirk becam a Category A leetit biggin on 3 August 1971. The Gothic-style kirk wis built in 1836 til a design bi airchitecht William MacCandlish o Dalry. The transept haes an unuisual arrangement o a lairge airched appenin wi the north windae an 3 doors recesst on the north waw. Thare is a white merble moniment tae Walter Ross Munro (dee'd 1816) on the east waw. The kirk conteens a bronze bust o the Rev. Patrick Borrowman bi James Paterson made in 1900.[7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b c "Glencairn Dumfries Shire". A Vision of Britain. Retrieved 14 Februar 2012.
  2. a b "GLENCAIRN CC DRAFT ACTION PLAN" (PDF). Dumfries & Galloway Small Communities Housing Trust. August 2011. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 4 Mairch 2016. Retrieved 14 Februar 2012.
  3. a b "Things to do around Moniaive". Craigdarroch Arms Hotel. Archived frae the original on 9 Mey 2008. Retrieved 14 Februar 2012.
  4. "Scottish Castles Photo Library - Glencairn Castle, Dumfries and Galloway". Rampant Scotland. Retrieved 14 Februar 2012.
  5. John Howie. "The Life of Mr. JAMES RENWICK.". Biographia Scoticana.
  6. Anderson, William (1877). "Blackadder, John". The Scottish nation: or, The surnames, families, literature, honours, and biographical history of the people of Scotland. 1. A. Fullarton & co. p. 311.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  7. "Kirkland Village Glencairn Parish Church, Glencairn". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 14 Februar 2012.
  • "Dumfriesshire". John Thomson's Atlas of Scotland, 1832. National Library of Scotland. Retrieved 8 Apryle 2013.