Djibouti Airmed Forces

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Djibouti Airmed Forces
Arabic: الجيش الجيبوتي
Somali: Ciidanka Jabuuti
French: Forces Armees Djiboutiennes
The Emblem of the Djiboutian Armed Force.png
Emblem o the Djiboutian Airmed Force
MottoGuul ama Dhimasho
Foondit6 June 1977 (42 years)
Service branchesLogo of the Djiboutian Army.PNG Airmy
Roundel of Djibouti.svg Air Force
Logo of the Djiboutian Navy.png Navy
Gendarmerie
Leadership
Commander in ChiefPreses Ismaïl Omar Guelleh
Chairman o the Chiefs o StaffGeneral Zakaria Cheikh Ibrahim
Manpower
Militar age18–49 years old
Available for
militar service
391,797, age 18–49 (2010 est.)
Fit for
militar service
268,730, age 18–49 (2010 est.)
Reachin militar
age annually
(2010 est.)
Active personnel20,470 (2018 est.)
Reserve personnel12,220 (2018 est.)
Deployed personnel Somalia – 3,000[1]
 Sudan – 151 police
Expenditures
Budget$3.6 million (2011 est.)
Percent o GDP3.7 (2011 est.)
Industry
Foreign suppliers Unitit States
 Fraunce
 Italy
 Japan
 Cheenae
Relatit airticles
HistoryMilitar history o Djibouti: Djiboutian Ceevil War
Djiboutian–Eritrean border conflict
Unitit Naitions–African Union Mission in Darfur
African Union Mission to Somalia
RanksMilitar ranks o Djibouti

The Djibouti Airmed Forces (DJAF) (Arabic: الجيش الجيبوتي‎, Somali: Ciidanka Jabuuti) are the militar forces o Djibouti. Thay conseest o the Djiboutian Airmy an its sub-branches the Djibouti Air Force an Djiboutian Navy. As o 2018, the Djibouti Airmed Forces conseest of 20,470 (2018 est.) grund troops, which are diveedit intae seiveral regiments an battalions garrisoned in various auries throuoot the kintra. Djibouti Airmed Forces are an important player in the Bab-el-Mandeb an Reid Sea.

In 2015 General Zakaria Chiek Imbrahim wis chief d'etat-major general (chief o staff) o the Forces Armees Djiboutiennes. He assumed command in November 2013.[2]

Djibouti haes awweys been a very active member in the African Union an the Arab League.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Historically, Somali society accordit prestige tae the warrior (waranle) an rewardit militar prowess. Except for men o releegion (wadaad), who were few in number, aw Somali males were conseedert potential warriors. Djibouti's mony Sultanates each maintained regular truips. In the early Middle Ages, the conquest o Shewa bi the Ifat Sultanate ignitit a rivalry for supremacy wi the Solomonic Dynasty.

A Djibouti Airmed Forces commander.

Mojt seemilar battles wur focht atween the succeedin Sultanate o Adal an the Solomonids, wi baith sides achievin victory an sufferin defeat. During the protractit Ethiopian-Adal War (1529–1559), Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi defeatit seiveral Ethiopian Emperors an embarked on a conquest referred tae as the Futuh Al-Habash ("Conquest o Abyssinia"), which broocht three-quarters o Christian Abyssinie unner the pouer o the Muslim Adal Sultanate.[3][4] Al-Ghazi's forces an thair Ottoman allees came close tae extinguishin the auncient Ethiopian kinrick, but the Abyssinians managed tae siccar the assistance o Cristóvão da Gama's Portuguese truips an maintain thair domain's autonomy. Houaniver, baith polities in the process exhaustit thair resoodcds an manpouer, which resultit in the contraction o baith pouees an chynged regional dynamics for centuries tae come.

The Ogaden War (13 Julie 1977 – 15 Mairch 1978) wis a conflict focht atween the Ethiopian govrenment an Somali govrenment. The Djibouti govrenment supportit Somalie wi militar intelligence. In a notable illustration o the naitur o Cauld War alliances, the Soviet Union switched frae supplying aid tae Somalie tae supportin Ethiopie, which haed previously been backed bi the Unitit States. This in turn promptit the U.S. tae later stairt supportin Somalie. The war endit when Somali forces retreatit back across the border an a truce wis declared.

The first war which involved the Djiboutian airmed forces wis the Djiboutian Ceevil War atween the Djiboutian govrenment, supportit bi Fraunce, an the Front for the Restoration o Unity an Democracy (FRUD). The war lastit frae 1991 tae 2001, awthou maist o the hostilities endit when the moderate factions o FRUD signed a peace treaty wi the govrenment efter sufferin an extensive militar setback when the govrenment forces capturit baith o the rebel-heikd territory. A radical group continued tae fecht the govrenment, but signed its ain peace treaty in 2001. The war endit in a govrenment victory, an FRUD became a poleetical pairty.

Djiboutian truips wi licht airmourit cars near the mairch o Eritrea

Djibouti haes focht in clashes agin Eritrea ower the Ras Doumeira peninsula, which baith kintras claim tae be unner thair sovereignty. The first clash occurred in 1996 efter a nearly twa-months staund-off. In 1999, a poleetical creesis occurred when baith sides accused each ither for supportin its enemies. In 2008, the kintras clashed again when Djibouti refused tae return Eritrean deserters an Eritrea respondit bi firin at the Djiboutian forces. In the follaein battles, some 44 Djiboutian truips an some estimatit 100 Eritreans wur killed.

In 2011, Djibouti truips an aw joined the African Union Mission tae Somalie.[5]

As o 2013, the Djibouti Airmed Forces (DJAF) are componed o three branches: the Djibouti Naitional Airmy, which conseest o the Coastal Navy, the Djiboutian Air Force (Force Aerienne Djiboutienne, FAD), an the Naitional Gendarmerie (GN). The Airmy is by far the lairgest, follaed bi the Air Force and Navy. The Commander-in-Chief o the DJAF is the Preses of Djibouti an the Meenister o Defence owersees the DJAF on a day-tae-day basis.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Ahmed Soliman and David Styan (15 April 2016). "Connecting the Horn of Africa and the Gulf". allafrica. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
  2. "Archived copy". Archived frae the oreeginal on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2015-07-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as teetle (link)
  3. Saheed A. Adejumobi, The History of Ethiopia, (Greenwood Press: 2006), p.178
  4. Encyclopædia Britannica, inc, Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 1, (Encyclopædia Britannica: 2005), p.163
  5. "Somalia: Djibouti Peacekeepers Arrive in Mogadishu to Join Amisom". Garowe Online. 21 December 2011. Retrieved 22 March 2013.