Cupar

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Cupar
Cupar-from-Tarvit.jpg
Cupar seen frae the summit o nearby Tarvit Hill
Cupar is locatit in Fife
Cupar
Cupar
Cupar shawn within Fife
Population 9,200 [1]
OS grid reference NO374146
Cooncil aurie
Lieutenancy aurie
Kintra Scotland
Sovereign state Unitit Kinrick
Post toun CUPAR
Postcode destrict KY14 - 15
Diallin code 01334
Polis Scots
Fire Scots
Ambulance Scots
EU Pairlament Scotland
UK Pairlament
Scots Pairlament
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°19′N 3°01′W / 56.32°N 3.01°W / 56.32; -3.01Coordinates: 56°19′N 3°01′W / 56.32°N 3.01°W / 56.32; -3.01

Cupar (Aboot this soondlisten ; Scots Gaelic: Cùbar) is a toun, umwhile ryal burgh an pairish in Fife, Scotland. It lies between Dundee and Glenrothes. Accordin tae a 2011 population estimate, Cupar haed a population aroond 9,000, makkin it the nint lairgest settlement in Fife, an the ceevil pairish a population o 11,183 (in 2011).[2] It is the historic coonty toun o Fife, afore the cooncil muived tae Glenrothes.[3]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun is believed tae hae grewn aroond the steid o Cupar Castle, that wis the seat o the shirra an wis awned bi the yerls o Fife.[4] The aurie becam a centre for judiciary as the coonty o Fife an as a mercat toun caterin for baith cattle an sheep.[5]

Taewart the latter stages o the 13th century, the burgh becam the steid o an assemmly o the three estates - clergy, nobility an burgesses - organised bi Alexander III in 1276 as a predecessor o the Pairlament o Scotland.[5] Awtho written information o a chairter for the modren toun wis lost, evidence suggestit that this existit as ane o the mony properties awned bi the Yerls o Fife bi 1294.[6]

In the middle o the 14t century, the burgh stairtit tae pay customs on taxable incomes, that probably meant that ryal burgh status wis grantit sometime atween 1294 an 1328.[6] The auldest document, referrin tae the ryal burgh, wis a grant i Robert II in 1381 tae gie a port at Gairbrig on the River Eden tae help tred wi Flanders. This grant wis offeecially recognised bi James II in 1428.[7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Mid-2008 Population Estimates – Localities in order of size". General Register Office for Scotland. 2008. Retrieved 2010-09-08. 
  2. Census of Scotland 2011, Table KS101SC – Usually Resident Population, publ. by National Records of Scotland. Web site http://www.scotlandscensus.gov.uk/ retrieved March 2016. See “Standard Outputs”, Table KS101SC, Area type: Civil Parish 1930
  3. Complete Atlas of the British Isles. Readers' Digest. 1965. p. 218. 
  4. Martin 2006, p. 9.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Lamont-Brown 2002, p. 49.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Martin 2006, pp. 9-10.
  7. Pride 1999, pp. 106-111.

Bibliografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Pride, Glen L. (1999). Kingdom of Fife (2nd ed.). The Rutland Press. 
  • Lamont-Brown, Raymond (2002). Fife in History and Legend. Edinburgh: John Donald. ISBN 0-85976-567-9. 
  • Martin, Paula (2006). Cupar: The History of a small Scottish town. Edinburgh: Birlinn Publishing.