Chieti

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Chieti
Comune
Città di Chieti
Panorama o Chieti
Panorama o Chieti
Banner o Chieti
Banner
Coat o airms o Chieti
Coat o airms
Chieti is located in Italy
Chieti
Chieti
Location of Chieti in Italy
Coordinates: 42°21′N 14°10′E / 42.350°N 14.167°E / 42.350; 14.167
Country Italy
Region Abruzzo
Province / Metropolitan ceety Chieti (CH)
Frazioni Bascelli, Brecciarola, Buonconsiglio-Fontanella, Carabba, Cerratina, Chieti Scalo, Colle dell'ara, Colle Marcone, Crocifisso, De Laurentis Vallelunga, Filippone, Fonte Cruciani, Iachini, La Torre, Madonna del Freddo, Madonna della Vittoria, Madonna delle Piane, San Martino, San Salvatore, Santa Filomena, Selvaiezzi, Tricalle, Vacrone Cascini, Vacrone Colle San Paolo, Vacrone Villa Cisterna, Vallepara, Villa Obletter, Villa Reale
Govrenment
 • Mayor Umberto Di Primio
Aurie
 • Tot 58.55 km2 (22.61 sq mi)
Elevation 330 m (1,080 ft)
Population (November 2012)[1]
 • Tot 51,340
 • Density 880/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Teatini
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 66100
Dialin code 0871
Patron saint St. Justin o Chieti
Saint day May 11
Wabsteid Offeecial wabsteid

Chieti (Italian: [ˈkjeːti] ( listen); Greek: Θεάτη; Laitin: Theate, Teate) is a ceety an comune in Central Italy, 200 kilometres (124 miles) northeast o Roum. It is the caipital o the province o Chieti in the Abruzzo region. Chieti lees on a crest alang the Pescara River a few kilometres awa frae the Adriatic Sea, an wi the Maiella an Gran Sasso muntains in the backgrund.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Chieti is amangst the maist auncient o Italian ceeties. Accordin tae meethological legends, the ceety wis foondit in 1181 B.C. by the Homeric Greek hero Achilles an wis namit in honour o his mither, Thetis. It wis cried Theate (Greek: Θεάτη) (or Teate in Latin). As Theate Marrucinorum, Chieti wis the chief toun o the warlike Marrucini. Accordin tae Strabo, it wis foondit bi the Arcadies as Thegeate (Θηγεάτη).

Efter the Marrucini wur defeatit bi the Romans, they became lyal allies o the mair pouerful forces. Their territory wis placit unner Roman municipal jurisdiction efter the Social War. In imperial times, Chieti's population reached 60,000 inhabitants but, efter the faw o the Wastren Roman Empire, it wis destroyed bi Visigoths an Heruli. Later it wis seat o a gastaldate unner the Lombard keengs. Efter its destruction bi Peppin, it became a fief o the Duchy o Benevento.

Chieti recovered some poleetical an economic importance unner the Norman rule o Soothren Italy, a role it kept unner the Hohenstaufen, Angevine an Aragonese rulers an aw. Efter a cultural an airchitectural flourishin durin the 17t hunderyear, unner the aegis o the Counter-Reformation, Chieti wis decimatit bi fatalities frae plague in 1656. In the 18t hunderyear, several new academies an schuils wur developit here, which contributed tae the ceety's airtistic heritage. In 1806 Chieti wis turned intae a fortress bi Napoleon's Fraunce. In 1860 it became pairt o the newly creatit Kinrick o Italy.

Durin Warld War II, Chieti wis declared a open ceety (like Roum) an wis no bombit bi either side. The ceety at this time walcomed mony refugees frae the near touns an veelages. Allied forces leeberatit the ceety on 9 Juin 1944, ane day Efter the Germans left the ceety.

Main sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

The bell touer o the Cathedral o Chieti.
  • The Gothic Cathedral, re-built bi bishop Attone I in 1069. O that biggin anerly pairts o the Romanesque crypt remain. The kirk wis remade in the 14t hunderyear an the bell touer wis enlairgit. Efter several yirdquauks, the kirk wis rebuilt again in the late 17t-18t hunderyears in Baroque style.
  • Oratory o Sacro Monte dei Morti
  • Kirk o San Francesco al Corso, foondit in 1239. The façade shows a incomplete Baroque restoration.
  • Kirk o Santa Chiara.

Unner the kirk o SS. Pietro e Paolo an the adjynin hooses are extensive substructurs (in opus reticulatum an brickwork) o the 1st hunderyear CE, belangin tae a biggin erected by M. Vectius Marcellus[2] an Helvidia Priscilla. Thare are remains o lairge reservoirs an o a auncient theatre an aw. In the early 21st hunderyear, new aircheological excavations are unner wey on the steid o the umwhile Campo Sportivo.

Museums[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Naitional Airchaeological Museum o the Abruzzi, "Villa Frigerj" - The rooms o the museum are dedicatit tae: Burial cults in pre-Roman Abruzzo / Italic sculptur / The Capestrano Warrior / The Pansa collection / The Sanctuar o Hercules Curinus at Sulmona / The Numismatic collection / Roman Iconografie in Abruzzo.
  • Airt Museum - "Costantino Barbella"
  • Biomedical Science Museum (Paleopathology an Bioarchaeology)
  • Airchaeological Museum, "La Civitella"
  • Diocesan Theatine Museum
  • Airt Museum, "Palazzo de Mayo"

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Varsity o Chieti (Università G. d'Annunzio - Chieti e Pescara) is based in Chieti an Pescara an hosts aboot 35,000 students, coverin auries o airchitectur, airts an philosofie, economics, foreign leids an leeteraturs, management, medicine, pharmacy, psychology, sciences, social sciences an sports medicine.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Chieti climate is considered genuine Mediterranean. It presents heich humidity aw year roond, wi rainy/snawy an quite cauld winters an hot an dry simmers. Rain is a common event, especially durin hairst an ware, wi accumulations o aroond 600 tae 700 millimetres (24 tae 28 in) a year. Snowfall is consistent durin winter, wi temperaturs that aften drop belaw 0 °C (32 °F) durin winter nichts. Fog is a common event durin hairst an winter, due tae vera heich humidity in these saisons. Wind frae the north-east (frae the Adriatic Sea) carries cauld frae Eurasian Steppe, while wind frae sooth-wast (frae the Tyrrhenian Sea) carries hot frae Algerian Desert. Wind is quite present durin year.

Climate data for Chieti, at the University
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 21.6
(70.9)
26.5
(79.7)
27.8
(82)
29.3
(84.7)
35.1
(95.2)
37.5
(99.5)
39.3
(102.7)
41.7
(107.1)
37.9
(100.2)
29.7
(85.5)
27.6
(81.7)
24.8
(76.6)
41.7
(107.1)
Average heich °C (°F) 11.6
(52.9)
12.3
(54.1)
16.0
(60.8)
19.7
(67.5)
23.8
(74.8)
28.5
(83.3)
31.3
(88.3)
31.8
(89.2)
26.9
(80.4)
20.9
(69.6)
16.8
(62.2)
12.8
(55)
21.0
(69.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.8
(46)
8.1
(46.6)
11.4
(52.5)
14.8
(58.6)
18.6
(65.5)
22.9
(73.2)
25.7
(78.3)
25.7
(78.3)
21.7
(71.1)
16.4
(61.5)
12.8
(55)
8.7
(47.7)
16.2
(61.2)
Average law °C (°F) 4.0
(39.2)
4.0
(39.2)
6.8
(44.2)
10.0
(50)
13.4
(56.1)
17.4
(63.3)
20.1
(68.2)
19.7
(67.5)
16.5
(61.7)
12.0
(53.6)
8.8
(47.8)
4.7
(40.5)
11.4
(52.5)
Record law °C (°F) −1.5
(29.3)
−3.9
(25)
−2.7
(27.1)
0.9
(33.6)
6.3
(43.3)
9.3
(48.7)
13.4
(56.1)
11.5
(52.7)
7.9
(46.2)
3.1
(37.6)
0.4
(32.7)
−5.3
(22.5)
−5.3
(22.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 49.3
(1.941)
47.5
(1.87)
50.5
(1.988)
57.2
(2.252)
61.4
(2.417)
43.8
(1.724)
45.3
(1.783)
11.4
(0.449)
79.3
(3.122)
59.4
(2.339)
80.8
(3.181)
61.5
(2.421)
647.4
(25.488)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 8.3 8.8 7.6 8.1 8.1 4.8 3.6 2.6 6.3 7.6 8.0 8.0 81.8
Average relative humidity (%) 78.4 72.8 69.9 70.9 66.4 64.3 60.3 62.5 70.6 78.5 79.5 73.2 70.5
Soorce: Chieti Meteo[3]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Population data frae Istat
  2. Probably mentioned bi Pliny, H.N., II., 199.
  3. "Chieti Meteo". Retrieved 2010-08-11. 

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]