Castle Kennedy

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Castle Kennedy

Castle Kennedy bi Francis Grose (1789)
Castle Kennedy is located in Dumfries and Galloway
Castle Kennedy
Castle Kennedy
Location within Dumfries an Gallowa
OS grid referenceNX113603
Cooncil area
Lieutenancy area
Sovereign stateUnitit Kinrick
Post tounStranraer
Postcode destrictDG9
Diallin code01776
EU PairlamentScotland
UK Pairlament
Scots Pairlament
Leet o places
54°53′47″N 4°57′06″W / 54.8965°N 4.9517°W / 54.8965; -4.9517Coordinates: 54°53′47″N 4°57′06″W / 54.8965°N 4.9517°W / 54.8965; -4.9517
This airticle is aboot the veelage, no the castle Castle Kennedy.

Castle Kennedy is a smaw veelage 3 mile east o Stranrawer in the historical coonty o Wigtounshire in Dumfries an Gallowa, Scotland. It is on the A75 road an within the ceevil pairish o Inch. The veelage is til the sooth o the Lochinch Castle estate that includes the ruins o the 17t century Castle Kennedy (castle), as weel as the Castle Kennedy Gairdens that is appen til the public.

Afore the Reformation the twa lochs within the Lochinch estate, Black Loch and White Loch, wis thegither kent as Loch Crindil. A smaw island in the White Loch wis the site o a kirk[1] that micht hae gien the pairish its name: "the Inch", fae the Gaelic: innis, meanin "island".

Castle Kennedy wis built in 1607 as a big hoose bi John Kennedy, 5t Yerl o Cassilis, on the site o an aulder castle. It wis acquire't in 1677 bi John Dalrymple, 1st Yerl o Stair, thou the hoose burnt doun in 1716. John Dalrymple, 2t Yerl o Stair reteent the ruin as a focal pynt for new formal gairdens laid oot in the 1730s. In the 1860s the 9t an 10t Yerls built Lochinch Castle on the estate, ina "Franco-Scottish" style, an pairtial sortit the 18t century gairdesn that hid fawen intae ruination.[2] The estate remeens the haudin o the Yerl o Stair, an Castle Kennedy Gairdens is appen til the public. Sortin o the gairdens conteenas. Acause o the Gulf Stream an that the sea is nearby on baith sides, the gairdens breuks a myld climate that allous the growin o a range o rhododendrons an ither plants no aften seen in Scotland.[3]

Castle Kennedy, 2017
Lochinch Castle

Castle Kennedy hid a railwey station on the Portpatrick and Wigtownshire Joint Railway that appent in 1861 an closed in 1965. The station biggin is noo a hoose, and the closest station is at Stranrawer.[4] Durin Warld War II an airfield wis biggit til the east o the veelage, it operatit fae 1941 tae 1945, and the rinweys remeens in place.[5] The veelage his its ain primary schuil, wi a roll o 43 scholarts.[6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Inch Crindil". Canmore. Historic Environment Scotland. Archived frae the original on 30 Mairch 2020. Retrieved 3 Apryle 2017.
  2. Historic Environment Scotland. "Castle Kennedy (GDL00093)". Retrieved 12 Apryle 2019.
  3. "History". Castle Kennedy Gardens. Retrieved 3 Apryle 2017.
  4. "Portpatrick Railway". Railscot. Archived frae the original on 22 September 2019. Retrieved 3 Apryle 2017.
  5. "Castle Kennedy Airfield". Canmore. Historic Environment Scotland. Archived frae the original on 30 Mairch 2020. Retrieved 3 Apryle 2017.
  6. "Castle Kennedy Primary School". Dumfries and Galloway Council. Retrieved 3 Apryle 2017.

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]