Black bun

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Black bun
Black bun cut open.jpg
A black bun cut appen, shawin fruit cake interior
Alternative namesScotch bun, Scotch Christmas bun
TeepFruit cake
Place o oreeginScotland
Main ingredientspastry, raisins, currans, almonds, citrus peel, allspice, ginger, cinnamon and pepper
Cuikbeuk: Black bun at Wikibooks  Media: Black bun

Black bun, sometimes kent as Scotch bun, is a kin o fruit cake haillie kivered wi fouky-meat. It is o Scots springheid, originally etten on the Uphaly Nicht but thir days tastit at Hogmanay. The cake mixtur teepically contains raisins, currants, aumonds, citrus peel, allspice, ginger, cinnamon an black pepper. It haed originally been introduced efter the back-come o Mary, Queen of Scots frae France, but its original uiss at the Uphaly Nicht endit wi the Scottish Reformation. It wis hinderly uised for first-footing ower Hogmanay.

Description[eedit | eedit soorce]

Black bun is a fruit cake wrappit in fouky-meat. The cake itsel is seimlar tae a traditional Christmas cake or Christmas puddin mixtur, includin ingredients lik raisins an currants alang wi spices lik cinnamon, black pepper an allspice.[1][2] It haes been cawed a feck bit muckler version o a Garibaldi biscuit, an it haes been suggestit that the origin o that biscuit may hae been influenced by the black bun acause the inventor of the biscuit, John Carr, wis Scottish.[3]

Ootwi Scotland, the black bun is forby etten in the Appalachia region o the Unitit States.[4] In 2013, a receipt wis demonstrate by Paul Hollywood on a Christmas special o The Great British Bake Off.[5]

Origins[eedit | eedit soorce]

The cake cam aboot as a Scottish King cake fur uiss on Uphaly Nicht on 5 January – the een o Uphaly day, an the end o the Daft days.[6] It wis introduced follaein the back-come o Mary, Queen of Scots frae France, an the tradition haes it that a bean wis hidden in the cake – whaiver foond it became the King for the een. It haes been recordit that Mary hersel participate in siclike games, an in 1563 she cleidit her bairnheid fere Mary Fleming in ryal robes an jewellery efter Fleming became Queen for the evening. This shockit the English Ambassador, wha writ "The Queen of the Bean was that day in a gown of cloth of silver, her head, her neck, her shoulders, the rest of her whole body, so beset with stones, that more in our whole jewel house was not to be found."[7] Following the Scottish Reformation in 1560, the celebration of Christmas was outlawed in Scotland and the use of a King cake at that time ended.[7]

The black bun kin o cake in its modern uissage dates frae the early nineteenth century, umwhile cried Scotch bun an Scotch Christmas bun. The term "black bun" wis first recordit in 1898, an may hae been a eftercast o Robert Louis Stevenson referrin tae the cake as "a black substance inimical to life".[8]

The cake is nou commonly uised as a Hogmanay custom, whaur fowk veesit their neebours efter midnicht fur tae celebrate the New Year. This is cried first-fit, an the gift o a black bun wis meant tae symbolise that the receivin faimly wadnae be hungry in the forthcomin year.[2] It wis forby uised as a traditional cake tae ser tae thaim that's veesitin hames as pairt o Hogmanay, tae be consumed wi whisky.[9]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

Soorces[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Hollywood, Paul. "Black bun". BBC Food. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  2. a b "Scottish black bun recipe". Delicious. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  3. McGinn, Clark (2008). The Ultimate Guide To Being Scottish. Edinburgh: Luath. p. 44. ISBN 9781906307813.
  4. Sohn, Mark F. (2005). Appalachian Home Cooking. Lexington, Ky.: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 9780813191539.
  5. O'Donovan, Gerard (17 December 2013). "Great British Bake Off Christmas Special, BBC Two, review". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  6. Crump, William D. (2013). The Christmas Encyclopedia. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 211. ISBN 9780786468270.
  7. a b Douglas, Hugh (1999). The Hogmanay Companion. Glasgow: Neil Wilson. ISBN 9781897784938.
  8. Ayto, John (2012). The Diner's Dictionary (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 33. ISBN 9780199640249. black bun.
  9. Smith, Patricia (12 December 2013). "Hogmanay organizers promise bigger, better Scottish New Year's party". Ottawa Citizen. Archived frae the original on 12 Februar 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2013.

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