Austin 10

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Austin Ten 4-Door Saloon
Austin 10/4 Four-seater Tourer 1933
Austin 10/4 Lichfield 4-Door Saloon 1935
Austin Ten Cambridge 4-Door Saloon 1938
1946 Austin 10 GS 1 (saloon)

The Austin 10 wis a small car made by the Austin Motor Company. It wis launched in April 1932 and was Austin's best selling car in the 1930s and continued in production, with upgrades, until 1947. It fitted in between the "baby" Austin 7 which haed been introduced in 1922 an the Austin 12 hp which had been updated in 1931.

The design of the car was conservative with a steel body built on a ladder chassis. The chassis was bought in and was designed to give a low overall height to the car by dipping down by 2.75 inches (70 mm) between the axles. The 1125-cc four-cylinder side-valve engine producing 21 bhp (16 kW) drove the rear wheels through a four-speed gearbox an open drive shaft to a live rear axle. Suspension was by half-elliptic springs all round and the brakes were cable operated. The electrical system was 6 volt. The four-door saloon was made in two versions. The basic model cost £155 and, in the road-test, was capable of reaching 55 mph (89 km/h) with an economy of 34 mpg with a De-Luxe version with opening roof and leather upholstery at £168.

Late 1932 saw the saloons joined by an open two-seater and dicky tourer, and a van. A sports model, the 65 mph (105 km/h), 30 bhp (22 kW) was added in 1933 which was named the "Ripley" in 1934. Mechanical upgrades for 1934 included a cross-braced chassis, wider rear body, synchromesh on the top two gears, direction indicators and 12-volt electrics. The van continued with a chromed flat radiator as per the original cars.

The first styling change came in August 1934 with a change to the radiator with a painted cowl in front and it was given a slight slope. Synchromesh was added to second gear and self-cancelling "semaphore" type indicators were built into the door pillar. The saloon was given the name "Lichfield" and got a protruding boot which enclosed the spare wheel. It was10% heavier than the early models. The Two-seater & dicky became the 'Clifton', the Four-seater tourer became the 'Open Road' and the Cabriolet became the 'Colwyn' - all with the more modern styling.

A new body style was added in January 1936 the six light (three windows down each side, with one behind the rear door) "Sherbourne" but the big change came in August 1936 with the almost streamlined "Cambridge" saloon and "Conway" cabriolet. The changes included Girling rod brakes, balanced on each axle and front to back, 16-inch steel disc wheels replaced the 18-inch wires and there was more room for passengers by moving the engine forwards by 4 inches (100 mm). Later in 1936, a downdraft manifold was fitted. Top speed rose to 60 mph (97 km/h). The weight increased another 10 %. These changes did not appear on the open cars, which no longer included the Ripley sports. The van only changed from the chromed radiator style to the Cambridge style in August 1937.

In 1938 the engines gained an aluminium cylinder head, bigger inlet valves, new manifold and bigger waterways producing 32bhp. The rear axle ratio was increased from 5.25 to 5.37:1

A virtually new car was launched in 1939 with the body shell incorporating the floor to give a semi-unitary structure. The car was completely restyled by Argentine born Ricardo "Dick" Burzi who had joined Austin from Lancia in 1929. The bonnet was hinged at the rear, replacing the side-opening type on the old car and the radiator grille became rounded. A new van was produced, and there was a cabriolet (only prewar). After the outbreak of World War II, production of the Austin 10 continued in large numbers mainly as the 'Utility' pick-up vehicle (the Tilly). In all during the war, 53,000 of the saloons, pick-ups and vans were made. The Utility and van had larger engines (1237cc) and all engines had new cylinder blocks, cranks and gearboxes.

With peace in 1945, a change was immediately made to civilian production because of the post-war financial crisis. The cars were nearly all exported with the first one arriving in the United States in July 1945. In September 1945 the first passenger cars produced efter the war's end to arrive in Switzerland were two Austin 10s exported from England.[1]

The Austin 10 continued in production only until October 1947 to be replaced by the A40 car and van.

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References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • "Austin's Top Ten". Jonathan Wood. The Automobile May 1999.
  1. Gloor, Roger (1. Auflage 2007). Alle Autos der 50er Jahre 1945 - 1960. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 978-3-613-02808-1.  Check date values in: |date= (help)

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