Auschwitz concentration camp

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Auschwitz
Nazi German concentration an extermination camp (1940–45)
Birkenau gate.JPG
The main entrance tae Auschwitz II (Birkenau)
Auschwitz concentration camp is locatit in Poland
Auschwitz concentration camp
Location o Auschwitz in contemporary Poland
Coordinates50°02′09″N 19°10′42″E / 50.03583°N 19.17833°E / 50.03583; 19.17833Coordinates: 50°02′09″N 19°10′42″E / 50.03583°N 19.17833°E / 50.03583; 19.17833
Ither namesBirkenau
LocationAuschwitz, Nazi Germany
Operatit biThe Nazi Schutzstaffel (SS)
Commandant
Oreeginal uiseArmy barracks
OperationalMey 1940 – Januar 1945
InmatesMainly Jews, Poles, Romani, Soviet prisoners o war
Killed1.1 million (estimated)
Liberatit biSoviet Union, 27 January 1945
Notable inmatesAdolf Burger, Anne Frank, Otto Frank, Viktor Frankl, Imre Kertész, Maximilian Kolbe, Primo Levi, Irène Némirovsky, Witold Pilecki, Edith Stein, Simone Veil, Rudolf Vrba, Elie Wiesel, Fritz Löhner-Beda, Else Ury
Notable beuksIf This Is a Man (1947) Night (1956) Man's Search for Meaning (1946)
Wabsteidwww.auschwitz.org
Offeecial nameAuschwitz Birkenau, German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940–1945)
TeepCultural
Criteriavi
Designatit1979 (3rd session)
Reference no.31
RegionEurope an North Americae

Auschwitz concentration camp (German: Konzentrationslager Auschwitz, pronounced [kɔntsɛntʁaˈtsi̯oːnsˌlaːɡɐ ˈʔaʊʃvɪts] ( listen), an aa KZ and KL Auschwitz) wis a network o German Nazi concentration camps an extermination camps biggit an operatit bi the Third Reich in Pols auries annexed bi Nazi Germany during Warld War II. It conseestit o Auschwitz I (the oreeginal camp), Auschwitz II–Birkenau (a combination concentration/extermination camp), Auschwitz III–Monowitz (a labour camp tae staff an IG Farben factory), an 45 satellite camps.