Auschwitz concentration camp

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Auschwitz
Nazi German concentration an extermination camp (1940–45)
Birkenau gate.JPG
The main entrance tae Auschwitz II (Birkenau)
Auschwitz concentration camp is located in Poland
Auschwitz concentration camp
Location o Auschwitz in contemporary Poland
Coordinates 50°02′09″N 19°10′42″E / 50.03583°N 19.17833°E / 50.03583; 19.17833Coordinates: 50°02′09″N 19°10′42″E / 50.03583°N 19.17833°E / 50.03583; 19.17833
Ither names Birkenau
Location Auschwitz, Nazi Germany
Operatit bi The Nazi Schutzstaffel (SS)
Commandant
Oreeginal uise Army barracks
Operational Mey 1940 – Januar 1945
Inmates Mainly Jews, Poles, Romani, Soviet prisoners o war
Killed 1.1 million (estimated)
Liberatit bi Soviet Union, 27 January 1945
Notable inmates Adolf Burger, Anne Frank, Otto Frank, Viktor Frankl, Imre Kertész, Maximilian Kolbe, Primo Levi, Irène Némirovsky, Witold Pilecki, Edith Stein, Simone Veil, Rudolf Vrba, Elie Wiesel, Fritz Löhner-Beda, Else Ury
Notable beuks If This Is a Man (1947) Night (1956) Man's Search for Meaning (1946)
Wabsteid www.auschwitz.org
Offeecial name Auschwitz Birkenau, German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940–1945)
Teep Cultural
Criterie vi
Designatit 1979 (3rd session)
Reference no. 31
Region Europe an North Americae

Auschwitz concentration camp (German: Konzentrationslager Auschwitz, pronounced [kɔntsɛntʁaˈtsi̯oːnsˌlaːɡɐ ˈʔaʊʃvɪts] ( listen), an aa KZ and KL Auschwitz) wis a network o German Nazi concentration camps an extermination camps biggit an operatit bi the Third Reich in Pols auries annexed bi Nazi Germany during Warld War II. It conseestit o Auschwitz I (the oreeginal camp), Auschwitz II–Birkenau (a combination concentration/extermination camp), Auschwitz III–Monowitz (a labour camp tae staff an IG Farben factory), an 45 satellite camps.