Valencia, Spain

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Valencia
València/Valencia

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Valencia is located in Spain
Valencia
Valencia
Location o Valencia in Spain
Coordinates: 39°28′13″N 0°22′36″W / 39.470239°N 0.376805°W / 39.470239; -0.376805
Kintra  Spain
Autonomous Commonty  Valencie Commonty
Province Valencia
Comarca Valencia
Founded 137 BC
Destricts
Government
 • Type Mayor-cooncil govrenment
 • Body Ajuntament de València
 • Mayor Rita Barberá (PP)
Area
 • City 134.65 km2 (51.99 sq mi)
Elevation 15 m (49 ft)
Population (2010) INE
 • City 809,267
 • Density 6,000/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,175,000 to 1,564,145
 • Metro 1,705,742 to 2,300,000
Demonym valencià (m), valenciana (f)
valenciano (m), valenciana (f)
Time zone CET (GMT +1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (GMT +2) (UTC)
Postcode 46000-46080
ISO 3166-2 ES-V
Website http://www.valencia.es

Valencia (Spainyie: València) is the maist muckle ceety o the Autonomous Commonty o Valencie an the third lairgest ceety in Spain, wi a population o 809,267 in 2010. It is the 15t-maist populous municipality in the European Union. Aboot 1,175,000 fowk live in the Valencia urban aurie an 1,705,742 in the Valencia metropolitan aurie.

It is integratit intae an industrial aurie on the Costa del Azahar. Its main festival, the Falles, is kent warldwide, while the traditional dish, paella, oreeginatit in the Valencie Community.

The ceety contains a dense monumental heritage, includin the Llotja de la Seda (Warld Heritage Steid syne 1996), but its landmark is undoubtitly the Ceety o Airts an Sciences, an avant-garde an futuristic museum complex.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

The oreeginal Laitin name o the ceety wis Valentia (Latin pronunciation: [waˈlentia]), meanin "strength", "valour", the ceety being named for the Roman practice o recognizin the valour o umwhile Roman sodgers efter a war. The Roman historian Titus Livius (Livy) explains that the foondin o Valentia in the 2nt century BC wis due tae the settlin o the Roman sodgers who fought against Iberie local rebel, Viriatus.

Durin the rule o the Muslim Empires in Spain, it wis kent as بلنسية (Balansiyya) in Arabic.

By regular soond chynges, this haes become Valencia [baˈlenθja] in Castilian an València [vaˈlensia] in Valencie (in Valencie the grave accent <è> /ɛ/ contrasts wi the acute accent <é> /e/, nivertheless the wird València is an exception tae this rule which is spellt accordin tae Catalan etymology, though it uises a pronunciation closer tae Vulgar Laitin).

Sport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Fitbaa[eedit | eedit soorce]

Valencia is an aa famous for its fitbaa club Valencia C.F., which wan the Spainyie league recently in 2002 an 2004 (in which year it an aw wan the UEFA Cup) an 6 times total, an wis an aw a UEFA Champions League runner-up in 2000 an 2001, it is ane o the maist famous fitbaa clubs in Spain an Internaitionally. Their stadium is the Estadio Mestalla. Its ceety rival Levante UD an aw plays in the heichest diveesion efter gainin promotion twa years ago, their stadium is Estadi Ciutat de València. Frae the year 2011 there will be a third team in the ceety, Huracán Valencia, who play their games in Municipal de Manises an play in the Segunda División B.

Motor Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ance a year the European Formula Ane Grand Prix takes place in Valencia Street Circuit. Furthermair, the motorcycle Grand Prix runnin, the show jumpin tournament o the warldwide champions’ tour, an ATP 500 tennis tournament, or the DTM can be visitit in Valencia.

Destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Ciutat Vella: La Seu, La Xerea, El Carmen, El Pilar, El Mercado, San Francisco.
  • Extensió: Russafa, El Pla del Remei, Gran Via.
  • Extramurs: El Botànic, La Roqueta, La Pechina, Arrancapins.
Palace o the Generalitat Valenciana
  • Campanar: Campanar, Les Tendetes, El Calvari, Sant Pau.
  • La Saïdia: Marxalenes, Morvedre, Trinitat, Tormos, Sant Antoni.
  • Pla del Real: Exposició, Mestalla, Jaume Roig, Ciutat Universitària
  • Olivereta: Nou Moles, Soternes, Tres Forques, La Fontsanta, La Luz.
  • Patraix: Patraix, Sant Isidre, Vara de Quart, Safranar, Favara.
  • Jesús: La Raiosa, L'Hort de Senabre, The Covered Cross, Saint Marcelino, Real Way.
  • Quatre Carreres: Montolivet, En Corts, Malilla, La Font de Sant Lluís, Na Rovella, La Punta, Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències.
  • Poblats Marítims: El Grau, El Cabanyal, El Canyameral, La Malva-Rosa, Beteró, Nazaret.
  • Camins del Grau: Aiora, Albors, Creu del Grau, Camí Fondo, Penya-Roja.
  • Algiròs: Illa Perduda, Ciutat Jardí, Amistat, Vega Baixa, la Carrasca.
  • Benimaclet: Benimaclet, Camí de Vera.
  • Rascanya: Orriols, Torrefiel, Sant Llorenç.
  • Benicalap: Benicalap, Ciutat Fallera.
  • Pobles del Nord: Benifaraig, Poble Nou, Carpesa, Cases de Bàrcena, Mauella, Massarrojos, Borbotó.
  • Pobles de l'Oest: Benimàmet, Beniferri.
  • Pobles del Sud: Forn d'Alcedo, Castellar-l'Oliveral, Pinedo, el Saler, el Palmar, el Perellonet, la Torre

Twin touns - Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Valencia is twinned wi:

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]