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Vitoria (Spainyie)
Gasteiz (Basque)
Virgen Blanca Square o Vitoria-Gasteiz


Coat of arms
Motto: Haec est Victoria quae vincit
(This is Victoria which triumphs)
Vitoria-Gasteiz is located in Basque Country
Location o Vitoria-Gasteiz athin the Basque Kintra
Vitoria-Gasteiz is located in Spain
Location o Vitoria-Gasteiz athin Spain
Coordinates: 42°51′N 2°41′W / 42.850°N 2.683°W / 42.850; -2.683
Kintra  Spain
Autonomous commonty  Basque Kintra
Province Álava
Comarca Vitoria-Gasteiz
Foondit 1181
 • Alcalde Javier Maroto (Fowkpairty)
 • Total 276.81 km2 (106.88 sq mi)
Elevation 525 m (1,722 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 238,247
 • Density 860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Demonym Vitoriano, -na
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 01001 - 01015
Offeecial leid(s) Spainyie, Basque
Website Offeecial wabsteid

Vitoria-Gasteiz is the caipital ceety o the province o Álava an o the autonomous commonty o the Basque Kintra in northren Spain wi a population o 235,661 fowk. It is the seicont lairgest Basque ceety, efter Bilbao. The dwellers o the ceety are cried Vitorianos or Gasteiztarras, while traditionally they are dubbed Babazorros (Basque for 'bean eaters').

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

In the year 581 the Visigoth keeng Liuvigild foondit the ceety o Victoriacum, tryin tae emulate the Roman foundations, as a celebration o the victory against the Vascones near wha is assumed tae be the hill occupee'd bi the primitive veelage o Gasteiz. This housomeivver is no sufficiently proven, an some historians an experts believe that Victoriacum wis locatit no on the site o present-day Vitoria-Gasteiz but nearbi, probably at the fuit o Munt Gorbea whaur there is a veelage cried Vitoriano.

In the year 1181, Sancho VI the Wise, Keeng o Navarre foondit the toun o Nueva Victoria as a defensive ootpost on top o a hill at the steid o the previous settlement o Gasteiz. In 1200, the toun wis captured bi the troops o Alfonso VIII o Castile, who annexed the toun tae the Kinrick o Castile. The toun wis progressively enlairged an in 1431 it wis grantit the title o Ceety bi Keeng Juan II o Castile. In 1463, it wis ane o the five foondin villas o the Britherhuid o Álava alangside Sajazarra, Miranda de Ebro, Pancorbo an Salvatierra.

Vitoria-Gasteiz in the 17t century

The Battle o Vitoria o the Peninsular War occurred near Vitoria-Gasteiz alang the river Zadorra on 21 Juin 1813. An allee'd Breetish, Portuguese, an Spainyie airmy unner General the Marquess o Wellington brak the French airmy unner Joseph Bonaparte an Marshal Jean-Baptiste Jourdan. The victory assured the eventual end o French control in Spain. There is a monument commemoratin this battle in the main square o the ceety kent as the Monument tae Unthirldom - Monumento a la Independencia.

When news came tae Vienna in late Julie o that year, Johann Nepomuk Mälzel commissioned Ludwig van Beethoven tae compose a symphony, the op. 91 Wellingtons Sieg oder die Schlacht bei Vittoria or Siegessymphonie.

Wirk began on Institute for Middle Education in 1843, wi classes beginnin durin the 1853-54 academic year. It is nou the current heidquarters o the Basque Parliament an umwhile the convent o Santa Clara. The Free University open in the wake o the revolution o 1868. The University operatit frae 1869, tae juist prior tae the 1873-1874 term, lairgely acause o the seicont Carlist War. Chief academics wur Ricardo Becerro de Bengoa, Julián Apraiz, Federico Baraibar, an so on. This latter, great Hellenist (1851–1918), wis an aa amang the first teachers o Basque in Vitoria-Gasteiz as an aff-seellabus subject.

Durin the Spainyie transition tae democracy, the Kirk o St. Francis o Assisi wis the scene o the Mairch 3 Killin o 1976 efter clashes atween polis an strikin wirkers. Unner the orders o Interior Meenister Manuel Fraga, the polis stormed on a shootin spree intae a packed kirk intae which demonstrators haed retreatit, resultin in five deid an ower 100 woondit.

On 20 Mey 1980, bi decision o the Basque Parliament, Vitoria-Gasteiz became the caipital o the Basque Kintra.

Economy an demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

The economy o Vitoria-Gasteiz is diverse, an mony manufacturin companies hae operations there, includin Mercedes-Benz, Michelin, Gamesa [1] an Heraclio Fournier, the latter being heidquartered there. The ceety haes been ranked seicont in staundart o livin amang aw ceeties in Spain, an first as tae green auries an cultural places per caipita.

The ceety is served bi Vitoria Airport. Currently the anerlie airline wi normal passenger services is Iberia operatit bi Air Nostrum wi flichts tae Madrid an Barcelona.

Executive airline NordJet [2] haes services frae Vitoria-Gasteiz

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Muisic[eedit | eedit soorce]

Vitoria-Gasteiz hosts twa annual internaitional muisic festivals:

Streets in Vitoria-Gasteiz

Local festivities[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Andre Maria Zuriaren jaiak festival is celebratit ivery year frae the 4t tae the 9t o August in honour o the patron saunt o the ceety, an features a programme o special events, activities an free open-air concerts.

Universities[eedit | eedit soorce]

The leeberal airts section o the University o the Basque Kintra is based in the sooth pairt o the ceety. Focusin on history an linguistics, the Álava campus is an aa hame o the Faculty o Pharmacy, as well as some ither technical, teachin an business relatit degrees.

Its oreegins date back frae 1847 when the first Escuela Normal de Maestros de Álava wis established. A whole ither number o colleges an faculties wur adoptit in 1978 bi the emergin University o the Basque Kintra.

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]