San Sebastián

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San Sebastián
Donostia (Basque)
San Sebastián (Spainyie)
Donostia / San Sebastián
San Sebastián an Kontxa bay frae Igeldo muntain

Flag

Seal
Motto: «Por fidelidad, nobleza y lealtad ganadas»
(Spainyie for "By earnt fidelity, nobility an lyalty")
San Sebastián is located in Spain
San Sebastián
San Sebastián
Location o San Sebastián athin Spain
Coordinates: 43°19′17″N 1°59′8″W / 43.32139°N 1.98556°W / 43.32139; -1.98556Coordinates: 43°19′17″N 1°59′8″W / 43.32139°N 1.98556°W / 43.32139; -1.98556
Kintra  Spain
Autonomous commonty  Basque Kintra
Province Gipuzkoa
Comarca Donostialdea
Neebourheids 21
Foondit 1180
Government
 • Mayor Juan Carlos Izagirre[1] (Bildu)
Area
 • Land 60.89 km2 (23.51 sq mi)
Elevation 6 m (20 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 186,409
 • Density 3,686.16/km2 (9,547.1/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 20001-20018
Area code(s) 34 + 943 (Gipuzkoa)
Website City Council

San Sebastián (Spanish: [san seβasˈtjan]) Basque: Donostia (Basque: [doˈnos̺tia]; French: Saint-Sébastien)[2] is a coastal ceety an municipality locatit in the Basque Autonomous Commonty, Spain. It lees on the coast o the Bay o Biscay, 20 km (12 miles) from the French border. Capital ceety o Gipuzkoa, the municipality's population is 186,409 (2012), wi its metropolitan aurie reaching 436,500 (2010). Locals caw thairsels donostiarra (singular), baith in Spainyie[3] an Basque.

The main economic activities are commerce an tourism, an it is ane o the maist famous tourist destinations in Spain.[4] Despite the ceety’s smaw size, events such as the San Sebastián Internaitional Film Festival hae gien it a internaitional dimension.

Etymologie[eedit | eedit soorce]

In spite o appearances, baith the Basque form Donostia an the Spainyie form San Sebastián hae the same meanin o Saunt Sebastian. The dona/dono/doni element in Basque place-names signifees "saunt" an is derivit frae Laitin domine; the seicont pairt o Dono(stia) conteens a shortened form o the saunt's name.[5]

Gastronomy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Jamón serrano an pintxos in ane o the numerous bars o the Auld Quairter

Donostia is renouned for its Basque cuisine. San Sebastián an its surroondin aurie is hame tae a heich concentration o restaurants boastin Michelin starns, Arzak (San Sebastián), Berasategi (Lasarte), Akelarre (district Igeldo) and Mugaritz (Errenteria) tae mention but a few.[6] Addeetionally, based on the 2013 rankin, twa o the warld's top ten best restaurants can be foond here.[7] Addin tae these ceukin heichlichts, the ceety featurs tasty snacks similar tae tapas cried pintxos, which mey be foond at the bars o the Auld Quairter.

It is the birthplace o Basque gastronomical societies an aw, wi the auldest recordit mention o such a txoko back in 1870.

Varsity[eedit | eedit soorce]

Donostia-San Sebastián haes become a important varsity toun. Hostin different varsities like Universidad de Navarra, Universidad del País Vasco (UPV/EHU), Universidad de Deusto an Varsity o Mondragón, the seicontar studies activity is haein an increasingly impact on social, cultural, technological an economical levels o the ceety an surroondins. Wi its pushin innovative an research centre an its research strategies it is becomin ane o Spain's main Science production locations, alang wi Barcelona, Madrid, Bilbao, Sevilla an Valencia, amang ithers. Donostia-San Sebastian's Scientific production covers auries like Materials Science, Cancer Research, Alzheimer an Parkinson, Airchitectur, Polymer Science, Biomaterials, Nanotechnology Robotics or Informatics.

Sport[eedit | eedit soorce]

The principal fitbaa club in the ceety is Real Sociedad. Efter twa saisons in the Segunda División, the club wan promotion back tae La Liga efter winnin the 2009–10 Segunda División.[8] Real Sociedad wis ane o the foondin members o the top diveesion in Spainyie fitbaa, La Liga. They enjoyed a pairticularly successful period o history in the early 1980s when they wur Spainyie champions for twa years runnin (1980–81, 1981–82). The ceety's Anoeta Stadium is hame stadium o Real Sociedad an hosts rugby union matches featurin Biarritz Olympique or Aviron Bayonnais an aw.

Each simmer the ceety is host tae the well kent bicycle race, the ane-day Clásica de San Sebastián (San Sebastián Classic). Bicycle racin is extremely popular in Spain, the Clásica de San Sebastián processional cycle race is held durin early August. It haes been held annually in San Sebastián syne 1981. The race is part of the UCI ProTour an wis previously pairt o its predecessor the UCI Road Warld Cup.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns – Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

San Sebastián is twinned wi:

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Bildu se hace con la alcaldía de San Sebastián. El País. Thursday 11 June 2011 (Spainyie)
  2. Donostia (Basque) / San Sebastián (Spanish), El Diario Vasco, Thursday 29 December 2011. (Spainyie)
  3. Donostiarra. Diccionario de la Real Academia Española.
  4. "Geography and Economy of Donostia-San Sebastián". Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  5. Trask, L. The History of Basque Routledge: 1997 ISBN 0-415-13116-2
  6. "Donostia-San Sebastián Michelin restaurants". Via Michelin. 2013. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  7. "The World's 50 Best Restaurants (1-10)". The World's 50 Best Restaurants. William Reed Business Media Ltd. 2013. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  8. "Real Sociedad & Levante Promoted To Primera Liga". Goal.com. 2010-06-13. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  9. "Plymouth - Town Twinning". Plymouth City Council. Retrieved 2013-07-14. 
  10. "Wiesbaden's international city relations". Retrieved 24 December 2012. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Municipalities in Gipuzkoa Template:Caipitals o Provinces in Spain Template:European Caipital o Cultur