Korean War

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Korean War
(한국전쟁)
(조선전쟁)
Pairt o the Cauld War
Korean War Montage 2.png
Clockwise frae tap: U.S. Marines retreatin during the Battle o Chosin Reservoir; U.N. landin at Incheon harbor, stairtin pynt o the Battle o Inchon; Korean refugees in front o an American M26 Pershing tank; U.S. Marines, led bi First Lieutenant Baldomero Lopez, landin at Incheon; F-86 Sabre fichter aircraft.
Date 25 Juin 1950 – 27 Julie 1953
(3 years, 1 month and 2 days)
Location Korean Peninsula, Sea o Japan, Korea Strait
Status
Territorial
changes
Korean Demilitarized Zone established; North Korea gains ceety o Kaesong, itherwise baith sides gained little border territory at the 38t parallel
Belligerents
Anti-communist forces: Communist forces:
Commanders an leaders
Strength

Tot: 972,214

Tot: 1,642,600
Note: The figures vary bi soorce; peak unit strength varied durin war.

Casualties an losses
Tot: 178,426 dead an 32,925 missin
Tot woondit: 566,434
Tot dead: 367,283-750,282
Tot woondit: 686,500-789,000
  • Tot civilians killed/woondit: 2.5 million (est.)[11]
  • Sooth Korea: 990,968
    373,599 killed[11]
    229,625 woondit[11]
    387,744 abducted/missing[11]
  • North Korea: 1,550,000 (est.)[11]

The Korean War (25 Juin 1950 – 27 Julie 1953)[29][lower-alpha 1][31] wis a war atween the Republic o Korea (Sooth Korea), supportit bi the Unitit Naitions, an the Democratic Fowkrepublic o Korea (North Korea), at ane time supportit bi the Fowkrepublic o Cheena an the Soviet Union. It wis primarily the result o the poleetical diveesion o Korea bi an agreement o the victorious Allies at the conclusion o the Paceefic War at the end o Warld War II. The Korean Peninsula wis ruled bi the Empire o Japan frae 1910 till the end o Warld War II. Follaein the surrender o the Empire o Japan in September 1945, American admeenistrators dividit the peninsula alang the 38t parallel, wi U.S. militar forces occupyin the soothren hauf an Soviet militar forces occupyin the northren hauf.[32]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. As per airmistice agreement of 1953, the opponin sides haed tae "insure a complete cessation o hostilities an o aw acts o airmed force in Korea till a final peacefu settlement is achieved".[30]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Laura Desfor Edles (28 May 1998). Symbol and Ritual in the New Spain: The Transition to Democracy after Franco. Cambridge University Press. p. 32. ISBN 0521628857. 
  2. "Cinnost CSLA za valky v Koreji... | Ross Hedvicek ... Nastenka AgitProp" (in Czech). Hedvicek.blog.cz. 27 July 1953. Retrieved 7 November 2011. 
  3. "Romania’s "Fraternal Support" to North Korea during the Korean War, 1950-1953". Wilson Centre. Retrieved 24 January 2013. 
  4. Stueck 1995, p. 196.
  5. Millett, Allan Reed, ed. (2001). The Korean War, Volume 3. Korea Institute of Military History. U of Nebraska Press. p. 692. ISBN 9780803277960. Retrieved 16 February 2013. "Total Strength 602,902 troops" 
  6. Tim Kane (27 October 2004). "Global U.S. Troop Deployment, 1950-2003". Reports. The Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
    Ashley Rowland (22 October 2008). "U.S. to keep troop levels the same in South Korea". Stars and Stripes. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
    Colonel Tommy R. Mize, United States Army (12 March 2012). "U.S. Troops Stationed in South Korea, Anachronistic?". United States Army War College. Defense Technical Information Center. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
    Louis H. Zanardi; Barbara A. Schmitt; Peter Konjevich; M. Elizabeth Guran; Susan E. Cohen; Judith A. McCloskey (August 1991). "Military Presence: U.S. Personnel in the Pacific Theater". Reports to Congressional Requesters. United States General Accounting Office. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  7. 7.00 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09 7.10 USFK Public Affairs Office. "United Nations Command". United States Forces Korea. United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 17 February 2013. "Republic of Korea -- 590,911
    Colombia -- 1,068
    United States -- 302,483
    Belgium -- 900
    United Kingdom -- 14,198
    South Africa -- 826
    Canada -- 6,146
    The Netherlands -- 819
    Turkey -- 5,453
    Luxembourg -- 44
    Australia -- 2,282
    Philippines -- 1,496
    New Zealand -- 1,385
    Thailand -- 1,204
    Ethiopia -- 1,271
    Greece -- 1,263
    France -- 1,119"
     
  8. Rottman, Gordon L. (2002). Korean War Order of Battle: United States, United Nations, and Communist Ground, Naval, and Air Forces, 1950-1953. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 126. ISBN 9780275978358. Retrieved 16 February 2013. "A peak strength of 14,198 British troops was reached in 1952, with over 40 total serving in Korea." 
    "UK-Korea Relations". British Embassy Pyongyang. Foreign and Commonwealth Office. 9 February 2012. Retrieved 16 February 2013. "When war came to Korea in June 1950, Britain was second only to the United States in the contribution it made to the UN effort in Korea. 87,000 British troops took part in the Korean conflict, and over 1,000 British servicemen lost their lives" 
    Jack D. Walker. "A Brief Account of the Korean War". Information. Korean War Veterans Association. Retrieved 17 February 2013. "Other countries to furnish combat units, with their peak strength, were: Australia (2,282), Belgium/Luxembourg (944), Canada (6,146), Colombia (1,068), Ethiopia (1,271), France (1,119), Greece (1,263), Netherlands (819), New Zealand (1,389), Philippines (1,496), Republic of South Africa (826), Thailand (1,294), Turkey (5,455), and the United Kingdom (Great Britain 14,198)." 
  9. "Land of the Morning Calm: Canadians in Korea 1950 - 1953". Veterans Affairs Canada. Government of Canada. 7 January 2013. Retrieved 22 February 2013. "Peak Canadian Army strength in Korea was 8,123 all ranks." 
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Edwards, Paul M. (2006). Korean War Almanac. Almanacs of American wars. Infobase Publishing. p. 517. ISBN 9780816074679. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  11. 11.00 11.01 11.02 11.03 11.04 11.05 11.06 11.07 11.08 11.09 11.10 11.11 11.12 11.13 11.14 11.15 11.16 11.17 11.18 11.19 11.20 11.21 11.22 11.23 11.24 11.25 "Casualties of Korean War" (in Korean). Ministry of National Defense of Republic of Korea. Archived from the original on 2013-01-20. Retrieved 14 February 2007. 
  12. Zhang 1995, p. 257.
  13. Shrader, Charles R. (1995). Communist Logistics in the Korean War. Issue 160 of Contributions in Military Studies. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 90. ISBN 9780313295096. Retrieved 17 February 2013. "NKPA strength peaked in October 1952 at 266,600 men in eighteen divisions and six independent brigades." 
  14. Kolb, Richard K. (1999). "In Korea we whipped the Russian Air Force". VFW Magazine (Veterans of Foreign Wars) 86 (11). Retrieved 17 February 2013. "Soviet involvement in the Korean War was on a large scale. During the war, 72,000 Soviet troops (among them 5,000 pilots) served along the Yalu River in Manchuria. At least 12 air divisions rotated through. A peak strength of 26,000 men was reached in 1952." 
  15. 15.0 15.1 "U.S. Military Casualties - Korean War Casualty Summary". Defense Casualty Analysis System. United States Department of Defense. 5 February 2013. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  16. "Summary Statistics". Defense POW/Missing Personnel Office. United States Department of Defense. 24 January 2013. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  17. "Records of American Prisoners of War During the Korean War, created, 1950 - 1953, documenting the period 1950 - 1953". Access to Archival Databases. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 6 February 2013. "This series has records for 4,714 U.S. military officers and soldiers who were prisoners of war (POWs) during the Korean War and therefore considered casualties." 
  18. 18.0 18.1 Office of the Defence Attaché (30 September 2010). "Korean war". British Embassy Seoul. Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  19. Australian War Memorial Korea MIA Retrieved 17 March 2012
  20. "Korean War WebQuest". Veterans Affairs Canada. Government of Canada. 11 October 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2013. "In Brampton, Ontario, there is a 60 metre long "Memorial Wall" of polished granite, containing individual bronze plaques which commemorate the 516 Canadian soldiers who died during the Korean War." 
    "Canada Remembers the Korean War". Veterans Affairs Canada. Government of Canada. 1 March 2013. Retrieved 27 May 2013. "The names of 516 Canadians who died in service during the conflict are inscribed in the Korean War Book of Remembrance located in the Peace Tower in Ottawa." 
  21. Aiysha Abdullah; Kirk Fachnie (6 December 2010). "Korean War veterans talk of "forgotten war"". Canadian Army. Government of Canada. Retrieved 28 May 2013. "Canada lost 516 military personnel during the Korean War and 1,042 more were wounded." 
    "Canadians in the Korean War". kvacanada.com. Korean Veterans Association of Canada Inc. Retrieved 28 May 2013. "Canada's casualties totalled 1,558 including 516 who died." 
    "2013 declared year of Korean war veteran". MSN News. The Canadian Press. 8 January 013. Retrieved 28 May 2013. "The 1,558 Canadian casualties in the three-year conflict included 516 people who died." 
  22. Ted Barris (1 July 2003). "Canadians in Korea". legionmagazine.com. Royal Canadian Legion. Retrieved 28 May 2013. "Not one of the 33 Canadian PoWs imprisoned in North Korea signed the petitions." 
    "Behind barbed wire". CBC News. 29 September 2003. Retrieved 28 May 2013. 
  23. 23.0 23.1 Sandler, Stanley, ed. (2002). Ground Warfare: H-Q. Volume 2 of Ground Warfare: An International Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 160. ISBN 9781576073445. Retrieved 19 March 2013. "Philippines: KIA 92; WIA 299; MIA/POW 97
    New Zealand: KIA 34; WIA 299; MIA/POW 1"
     
  24. "Two War Reporters Killed". The Times (London, United Kingdom). 14 August 1950. ISSN 0140-0460. 
  25. Rummel, Rudolph J. (1997). Statistics of Democide: Genocide and Murder Since 1900. Chapter 10, Statistics Of North Korean Democide Estimates, Calculations, And Sources. ISBN 978-3-8258-4010-5. 
  26. 26.0 26.1 Hickey, Michael. "The Korean War: An Overview". Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  27. Li, Xiaobing (2007). A History of the Modern Chinese Army. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky. p. 111. ISBN 978-0-8131-2438-4. 
  28. Krivošeev, Grigorij F. (1997). Soviet Casualties and Combat Losses in the Twentieth Century. London: Greenhill. ISBN 1-85367-280-7. 
  29. "US State Department statement regarding 'Korea: Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission' and the Armistice Agreement 'which ended the Korean War'". FAS. Retrieved 4 January 2011. 
  30. "Text of the Korean War Armistice Agreement". FindLaw. 27 July 1953. Retrieved 26 November 2011. [deid airtin]
  31. "North Korea enters 'state of war' with South". BBC News. 30 March 2013. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  32. Boose, Donald W. (Winter 1995–96). "Portentous Sideshow: The Korean Occupation Decision". Parameters: US Army War College Quarterly (US Army War College) 5 (4): 112–129. OCLC 227845188.