Kolsky Destrict

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For the admeenistrative diveesion o the Tsardom o Roushie an the Roushie Empire, see Kolsky Uyezd.
Kolsky Dietrict
Кольский район (Roushie)
Location of Kolsky district (Murmansk Oblast).svg
Location o Kolsky Destrict in Murmansk Oblast
Coordinates: 68°53′N 33°03′E / 68.883°N 33.050°E / 68.883; 33.050
Coat of Arms of Kola rayon (Murmansk oblast).png
Coat o airms o Kolsky Municipal Destrict
Holiday August 1[1]
Admeenistrative status (as o March 2013)
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Murmansk Oblast[2]
Admeenistrative center tounKola[2]
# o ceeties/touns 1[citation needit]
# o urban-teep dounsets 5[citation needit]
# o Territorial okrugss 5[citation needit]
# o Landwart localities 26[citation needit]
Municipal status (as o Apryle 2013)
Municipally incorporatit as Kolsky Municipal Destrict[3]
- Heid[1] Mikhail Chekrygin[4]
- Representative body Cooncil o Deputies[1]
- # o urban dounsets 6[3]
- # o landwart dounsets 5[3]
Statistics
Aurie 27,600 km2 (10,700 sq mi)[5]
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
44,670 inhabitants[6]
- Urban population 76.4%
- Landwart population 23.6%
Density 2 /km2 (5.2 /sq mi)[7]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[8]
Established 1 August 1927[1][5][9]
Previous names Kolsko-Loparsky Destrict (until 1 Juin 1936)[1][10]
Offeecial wabsteid

Kolsky Destrict (Roushie: Ко́льский райо́н‎) is a admeenistrative destrict (raion), ane o the sax in Murmansk Oblast, Roushie.[2] As a municipal division, it is incorporatit as Kolsky Municipal Destrict.[3] It is locatit in the northwast o the oblast, pairtially lees on the Kola Peninsula, an borders wi the Barents Sea in the north an Finland in the wast.[5] The aurie o the destrict is 27,600 square kilometers (10,700 sq mi).[5] Its admeenistrative centre is the toun o Kola.[2] Population: 44,670 (2010 Census preliminary results);[6] 51,125 (2002 Census);[11] 73,555 (1989 Census).[12] The population o Kola accoonts for 23.4% o the destrict's total population.[6]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

It wis established as Kolsko-Loparsky Destrict (Ко́льско-Лопа́рский райо́н) on 1 August 1927, when the Aw-Roushie Central Executive Committee (VTsIK) issued twa Resolutions: "On the Establishment o Leningrad Oblast" an "On the Borders an Componition o the Okrugs o Leningrad Oblast".[9] Accordin tae these resolutions, Murmansk Govrenorate wis transformit intae Murmansk Okrug, which wis dividit intae sax districts (Kolsko-Loparsky bein ane o thaim) an includit intae Leningrad Oblast.[9] The admeenistrative centre o the destrict wis in the selo o Kola.[9]

In 1934, the Murmansk Okrug Executive Committee developit a redestrictin proposal, which wis appruivit bi the Resolution o the 4t Plenar Session o the Murmansk Okrug Committee o the VKP(b) on 28-29 Dizember 1934 an bi the Resolution o the Presidium o the Murmansk Okrug Executive Committee on 2 Februar 1935.[10] Accordin tae this proposal, Kolsko-Loparsky Destrict wis tae be abolished, wi Kirovsky an Kolsky Destricts tae be established in its place.[10] On 15 Februar 1935, the VTsIK appruivit the redestrictin o the okrug intae seiven destricts, but did no specifee wha territories the new destricts wur tae include.[10] On 26 Februar 1935, the Presidium o the Leningrad Oblast Executive Committee wirkit oot the details o the new destrict scheme an issued a resolution which established Kirovsky Destrict on pairt o the territory o Kolsko-Loparsky Destrict, includin the toun o Kirovsk wi the wirk dounset o Kukisvumchorr in its jurisdiction, Yena-Babinsky Selsoviet, an the soothren pairt o Ekostrovsky Selsoviet wi the station o Khibiny.[10] Minkinsky Selsoviet o Kolsko-Loparsky Destrict wis transferred tae Polyarny Destrict, an Kildinsky Selsoviet—tae Lovozersky Destrict.[10] Kolsky, Notozersky, Peyvo-Yarvinsky, an Pulozersky Selsoviets, as well as the northren pairt o Ekostrovsky Selsoviet remained in Kolsko-Loparsky Destrict, which wis renamed Kolsky.[10] The admeenistrative centre o Kolsky Destrict wis slatit tae be muivit tae the station o Laplandiya, but temporarily remained in Kola.[10] On 1 Juin 1936, the renamin o the destrict wis appruivit bi the Resolution o the VTsIK.[10]

The proveesions o the 26 Februar 1935 Resolution, housomeivver, wur no fully implementit.[10] The station o Laplandiya ultimately niver became the admeenistrative centre o the destrict, acause Kola wis no includit intae Murmansk as oreeginally intendit.[10]

On 21 Apryle 1935, the territory o Ekostrovsky Selsoviet which remained in Kolsky Destrict wis re-organisit as Imandrovsky Selsoviet bi the Resolution o the Presidium o Murmansk Okrug Executive Committee.[10] Bi the Act o the conciliatory committee on 20 October 1935, the selsoviet wis transferred tae Kirovsky Destrict—a decision appruivit bi the Presidium o Murmansk Okrug Executive Committee on 4 Dizember 1935 an bi the Presidium o Leningrad Oblast Executive Committee on 5 Apryle 1936.[10]

On 25 November 1935, the Presidium o the VTsIK grantit wirk dounset status tae the inhabitit locality o Moncha-Guba, an renamit it Monchegorsk.[10] At the same time, it wis transferred frae Kolsky tae Kirovsky Destrict.[10]

The wirk dounset o Nagornovsky an its dounset soviet wur transferred frae Kolsky Destrict tae the admeenistrative jurisdiction o Murmansk Ceety Soviet bi the Decree o the Presidium o the Supreme Soviet o the Roushie SFSR o 5 August 1953.[13]

When Polyarny Destrict wis abolished on 9 Julie 1960, a pairt o its territory wis transferred tae Kolsky Destrict.[14]

On 26 Dizember 1962, when the Presidium o the Supreme Soviet o the RSFSR decreed tae re-organise the Soviets o Fowkdeputies an the executive committees o the krais, oblasts, an destricts intae the industrial an agricultural soviets, Murmansk Oblast wis no affectit an kept ane unifee'd Oblast Soviet an the executive committee.[15] Neivertheless, on 1 Februar 1963, the Decree bi the Presidium o the Supreme Soviet o the RSFSR established the new structur o the destricts o Murmansk Oblast, which clessifee'd Kolsky Destrict as landwart.[15] Housomeivver, this clessification anerly lastit for less than twa years.[15] The 21 November 1964 Decree bi the Presidium o the Supreme Soviet o the RSFSR restored the unifee'd Soviets o Fowkdeputies an the executive committees o the krais an oblasts whaur the diveesion intae the urban an landwart destricts wis introducit in 1962, an the destricts o Murmansk Oblast wur re-categorisit as regular destricts again bi the 12 Januar 1965 Presidium o the Supreme Soviet o the RSFSR Decree.[15]

Bi the 2 August 1965 Presidium o the Supreme Soviet o the RSFSR Decree, the wirk dounset o Kola wis grantit a status o toun unner destrict jurisdiction.[15]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kolsky Destrict haes mony natural resources, includin forests, ore deposits an watter life. Atlantic salmon is fished in the rivers o the destrict. Ore deposits include copper, nickel, an titanium. The aurie produces construction materials an aw.[5]

Politics[eedit | eedit soorce]

The local representative body is the Cooncil o Deputies o Kolsky Destrict.[1] It haes twinty members electit for a term o five years.[1] The Heid o the Destrict is the heichest executive post an is electit bi the Cooncil o Deputies.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Charter of Kolsky District
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Law #96-01-ZMO
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Law #577-01-ZMO
  4. Official website of Kolsky District. Head of Administration (Roushie)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Official website of Kolsky District. Information About the District (Roushie)
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  7. The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  8. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 34–35
  10. 10.00 10.01 10.02 10.03 10.04 10.05 10.06 10.07 10.08 10.09 10.10 10.11 10.12 10.13 10.14 Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 47–49
  11. "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  12. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  13. Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 62–63
  14. Decree #741/18
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 55–56

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Мурманская областная Дума. Закон №96-01-ЗМО от 6 января 1998 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Мурманской области», в ред. Закона №1577-01-ЗМО от 1 марта 2013 г. «О порядке рассмотрения предложений о присвоении наименований географическим объектам и переименовании географических объектов». Опубликован: "Мурманский Вестник", №10, стр. 3, 16 января 1998 г. (Murmansk Oblast Duma. Law #96-01-ZMO of January 6, 1998 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Murmansk Oblast, as amended by the Law #1577-01-ZMO of March 1, 2013 On the Procedures of Examination of the Suggested Names of Geographical Entities and of Renaming the Geographical Entities. ).
  • Мурманская областная Дума. Закон №577-01-ЗМО от 29 декабря 2004 г. «О статусе, наименованиях и составе территорий муниципального образования Кольский район и муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №1601-01-ЗМО от 24 апреля 2013 г. «Об упразднении некоторых населённых пунктов Мурманской области и о внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Мурманской области». Вступил в силу 1 января 2005 г. Опубликован: "Мурманский Вестник", №249, стр. 5, 30 декабря 2004 г. (Murmansk Oblast Duma. Law #577-01-ZMO of December 29, 2004 On the Status, Names, and Composition of the Territories of the Municipal Formation of Kolsky District and of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #1601-01-ZMO of April 24, 2013 On Abolishing Several Inhabited Localities of Murmansk Oblast and on Amending Various Legislative Acts of Murmansk Oblast. Effective as of January 1, 2005.).
  • Совет депутатов муниципального образования Кольский район. Решение №32/2 от 25 мая 2005 г. «Устав муниципального образования Кольский район Мурманской области», в ред. Решения №50/1 от 8 апреля 2010 г «О внесении изменений и дополнений в Устав муниципального образования Кольский район Мурманской области». Вступил в силу с 1 января 2006 г., за исключением подпункта 8 пункта 1 статьи 8, а также статей 18–29, вступающих в силу в соответствии с пунктами 2 и 3 статьи 51. Опубликован: "Кольское слово", №24, стр. 5–6, 11–13, 24 июня 2005 г. (Council of Deputies of the Municipal Formation of Kolsky District. Decision #32/2 of May 25, 2005 Charter of the Municipal Formation of Kolsky District of Murmansk Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #50/1 of April 8, 2010 On Amending and Supplementing the Charter of the Municipal Formation of Kolsky District of Murmansk Oblast. Effective as of January 1, 2006, with the exception of subitem 8 of item 1 of Article 8, as well as Articles 18–29, which take effect in accordance with the provisions specified by items 2 and 3 of Article 51.).
  • Архивный отдел Администрации Мурманской области. Государственный Архив Мурманской области. (1995). Административно-территориальное деление Мурманской области (1920-1993 гг.). Справочник. Мурманск: Мурманское издательско-полиграфическое предприятие "Север". 
  • Президиум Верховного Совета РСФСР. Указ №741/18 от 9 июля 1960 г. «Об упразднении Полярного района, объединении Североморского городского и Териберского районного советов и переименовании Териберского района Мурманской области». Опубликован: "Ведомости ВС РСФСР", №25, ст. 371, 1960. (Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR. Decree #741/18 of July 9, 1960 On the Abolition of Polyarny District, the Merger of Severomorsk Town and Teribersky District Soviets, and the Renaming of Teribersky District of Murmansk Oblast. ).