Ford Model Y
The Model Y wis the first Ford specifically designed for markets ootside the Unitit States o Americae, replacin the Model A in Europe. The caur wis pouered bi a 933 cc, 8 (RAC)hp Ford Sidevalve ingine, an wis in production in Ingland frae 1932 till September 1937, in Fraunce (where it wis kent as the Ford 6 CV) frae 1932 tae 1934 an in Germany as the Ford Köln frae 1933 tae 1936. Smawer numbers wur also assembled in Australie (where even a coupé version wis produced), Japan, Latvie (brandit as the Ford Junior) an in Spain (brandit as the Ford Forito).
The little Ford wis available in twa an fower door versions. In Juin 1935 a reduced specifition twa door model wis the anerlie fully-equipped caur ever tae sell in Breetain for juist £100, a price it held till Julie 1937.
Although o American Design, the Model 'Y' took the Breetish market bi storm an when it wis first introduced it made a major dent in the sales figures o Austin, Morris, Singer, an Hillman. It went on tae thrash them soondlie bi takin over 50% o the 8(RAC)HP sales. In Breetain it wis also kent as the 'Ford 8' reflectin its fiscal horsepouer ratin.
For the first 14 months the original model wi a short radiator grille wis produced, this is kent as the 'short rad'. Efter this in October 1933 the 'long rad' model, with its langer radiator grille an front bumper wi the characteristic dip wis produced. Bi gradually improvin production efficiency an bi simplifying the body design the cost o a "Popular" Model 'Y' wis reduced tae £100, makin it the cheapest true 4 seater saloon ever, though maist customers wur persuaded tae pay the extra needit for a less austere version o the caur. Baith 4 door (Fordor) an 2 door (Tudor) saloons wur produced an these coud be haed aither wi a fixed roof, or the slightly more expensive slidin 'sun' roof.
The suspension wis bi the traditional Ford transverse leaf springs front an rear an the ingine drove the rear wheels through a three speed gearbox which, right frae the start, featured synchromesh between the top twa ratios. The maximum speed wis juist unner 60 mph (95 km/h) an fuel consumption wis 32 mpg.
Even bi the standards o the time, the UK built Ford 8, like its major competitor the Austin Seven, wis foond noteworthy for its "amaist unbelievable lack o brakes".
Also offered wis an attractive 5cwt van which proved vera popular wi sma businesses.
Ford did no produce an open top caur because it wis thought that the chassis wis too flexible, however several specialist coach builders produced a range o attractive Model 'Y' tourers.
Some 175,000 Model 'Y's wur produced worldwide (153,117 in Ingland, 11,121 in Germany) an the 'Y' an 'C' Register haes knowledge o approximately 1250 survivors.
The lairger an faster 10(RAC)hp Model 'C' never sold in such great numbers as the Model 'Y' although there wis a very attractive factory produced tourer. In 1935 the stylin wis enhanced wi some sma modifications an the model wis designated the 'CX'.