Ford Model B (1932)
The Model B wis a Ford automobile wi production startin wi model year 1932 an endin wi 1934. It wis a muckle updatit version o the Model A an wis replaced bi the 1935 Ford Model 48. Strictly speakin, the Model B wis a fower-cylinder caur wi an improved version o the ingine uised in the Model A, but Ford also began producing a very similar car with Ford's new Flathead V‑8 engine. The V‑8 caur wis marketit as the Model 18, though it is commonly cawed the Ford V‑8, an, ither than the ingine, is virtually indistinguishable frae the Model B.
Up tae this time, Ford haed produced anerlie ane "model" at each time wi range o body options an retained the idea o a single basic platform, despite the ingine choice an twa associatit model designations. (This explains why the colloquial name "Ford V‑8" bi itself wis sufficiently descriptive in the early 1930s; it wis the Ford wi a V‑8, unlike in later decades, when the paradigm o various models tae a make became universal.) Model B an Model 18 Fords came in a lairge variety o body styles: twa-door roadster, twa-door cabriolet, fower-door phaeton, twa-door an fower-door sedans, fower-door 'woodie" station wagon, twa-door Victoria, twa-door convertible sedan, Panel an sedan deliveries, five-window coupe, a sport coupe (stationary softtop) an the three-window Deluxe Coupe. Prices ranged frae US$460 for the roadster an the coupe's $490 tae the $650 convertible sedan. Production totals numbered frae 12,597 for the roadster tae 124,101 for the twa-door sedan. Nouadays, the roadster an coupe ar maist sought efter, as these body styles ar popular for streetrods an intact examples hae become rare.
The Model 18 wis the first law-priced, mass-marketit caur tae include a V‑8 ingine, an important milestone in American automotive heestory. The V‑8 wis ratit at 65 hp (48 kW) when introduced, but pouer increased significantly wi improvements tae the carburetor an ignition in later years. This ingine choice wis more popular than the fower-cylinder, which wis essentially a variant of the Model A engine with improvements to balancing and lubrication. In both models the fuel tank was located in the lower rear of the car, as is typical in modern cars, rather than in the cowl as in the Model A and late Model T, requiring Ford to include an engine-driven fuel pump rather than rely on gravity feed.
Today, the 1932 Model B is a hichtlie collectible caur that fowk will pay thoosans o dollars tae restore tae exact original style. Durin the WWII period the Model Bs an V‑8s wur frequently altered intae hot rods. This continued intae the 1960s on a lairge scale, being notit in popular media o that time via a hit sang. Since the 1970s, 1932 bodies an frames hae been reproduced either in fiberglass or lately in steel, which haes helped resolve bodywork shortages, an increased the number o "rods" being creatit or restored. Those that ar made ar aften vera expensive. A typical auto-show hot rod mey be $60,000 or mair.
Deuce coupe is a slang term uised tae refer tae the 1932 Ford coupe, derived frae the year o manufacture. In the 1940s, the '32 Ford became an ideal hot rod. Hot rodders woud strip weight off this readily available caur an soup up the ingine. They came in twa body styles, the mair common "5-window" (twa door windows, twa quarter panel windows, an the rear window), an the rarer "3-window" De Luxe Coupe that featurt rear-hinged suicide doors.
The 1933 revision o the caur wis substantial, especially considerin hou important the 1932 change haed been. For its seicont year, the Ford's wheelbase wis stretched frae 106 in (2692 mm) tae 112 in (2845 mm) on a new crossmember frame. The grille wis revised, gainin a pointit forward slope at the bottom which resembled either a shovel or the 1932 Packard. Baith the grille an huid louvers curved doun an forward.
Pouer frae the V‑8 wis also increast tae 75 hp (56 kW) wi a revised ignition system. The fower-cylinder ingine continued unchanged, but wis referred to (bi some) as the Model C. Ford Motor Company niver referred tae its "Improved Fower-Cylinder ingine" as a "Model C" ingine. This is a common misconception due the introduction o a lairger counterbalanced crankshaft durin the Model B ingine production, an the letter "C" castin mark on most, but no aw, o the Model B heads. (Model A part number suffix wis ‑A, Police Special Hie Compression heid pairt number suffix wis ‑b, an there wis a fairly lairge letter "B" castin mark aboot the center o the head.) Total sales for the model year wur up tae 311,113.
The 1934 Ford (cawed the Model 40A) wis na as substantial a model year change as the previous twa years haed been. Noticeable changes includit a flatter grille wi a wider surroond an straight hood louvers. V‑8 ootput wis again upped, this time tae 85 hp (63 kW), an the fower-cylinder Model B ingine wis in its last year, as wis the Victoria body style.
Modern hot rods
Maist newly built hot rods uise fiberglass or mair expensive, newly mintit, steel bodies. The classic 1932 Ford lines ar closely reproduced wi new bodies. Sometimes original bodies ar uised, but the cost o originals is quite hicht. 1933 Fords ar also popular startin points for hot rod construction.
- David L. Lewis (2005). 100 Years of Ford. Publications International. pp. 81–89. ISBN 0-7853-7988-6.
- "Generations: Ford Model T to Crown Victoria". Edmunds.com. Retrieved August 21, 2006.