Ford Taunus

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No tae be ramfeeselt wi Ford Taurus.
Ford Taunus (aw series)
Manufacturer Ford Motor Company
Production 1939–1994
Predecessor Ford Eifel, Ford Köln (mid size)
Ford Rheinland (full size)
Successor Ford Sierra (midsize)
Ford Granada (full size)
Body style Mid-size caur
Full-size caur

The Ford Taunus is a family car sold by Ford in Germany an ither kintras. Models frae 1970 onwaird wur similar tae the Ford Cortina in the Unitit Kinrick. The model line wis namit efter the Taunus muntain range in Germany an wis first made in 1939 an continued throu several versions till 1994.

Taunus G73A (1939–1942)/G93A (1948-1952)[eedit | eedit soorce]

1949 Ford Taunus

The original Taunus wis a development o the Eifel an uised the same 1172 cc fower cylinder ingine but in a langer chassis an a streamlined body. It wis the first German Ford tae hae hydraulic brakes. Due tae the war, production wis interruptit frae 1942 tae 1948. 74,128 wur made includin estate caurs an licht vans.

Taunus M-series (1952–1968)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Frae 1952 tae 1968 aw German Fords wur cawed the Taunus, uisin the model names 12M, 15M, 17M, 20M, an 26M. The "M" is said tae stand for "Meisterstück", in Inglis "Masterpiece". Taunus wis an aa sometimes adoptit as the brand-name in export markets, particularly whaur Breetish an North American Fords wur an aa available.

The 12, 15 an 17M models haed a straight-4, later anes a V4 ingine. The 20 an 26M models haed a V6 ingine. The 12, 15, 17 etc. refer tae the ingine displacement; 1200, 1500, 1700 cc etc.

Frae 1962 tae 1970, the smawer models 12M (P4) an 12M/15M (P6) haed front wheel drive. Aw ither models haed rear wheel drive.

The follaein models wur affered:

Smawer line: 12M, 15M[eedit | eedit soorce]

First generation 12M (G13) (1952-1959), 15M (1955–1959)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ford Taunus 12M 1952-1955

The Taunus 12M presentit in 1952 wis the first new German Ford efter Warld War II. It featured ponton stylin, similar in style tae Breetish Ford Zephyr.

Somethin else the new Ford Taunus 12M haed in common wi its Breetish Ford cousins wis the retention o an auld sidevalve ingine at a time when competitors wur increasingly movin ower tae ohc units.[1] The Taunus 15M uised a new an mair pouerful ingine:

  • 12M: 1172 cc, 38 hp (28 kW), 112 km/h (70 mph)
  • 15M: 1498 cc, 55 hp (40 kW), 128 km/h (80 mph)

Body styles wur twa door sedan, twa door station wagon an sedan delivery.

Seicont generation 12M (1959–1962)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ford Taunus 12M 1959-1962

No a new caur, but a rework o the 1952 model. Aw caurs are cawed 12M, though baith ingines are continued (the caur wi the bigger ingine is cawed "Taunus 12M 1.5 litre").

Body styles wur the same as in the 1952 model.

Third generation 12M (P4) (1962–1966)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ford Taunus 12M P4

Same size, but a completely new caur based on the Ford Cardinal project. New body, new V4 ingine, front wheel drive. The first Ford caur wi front wheel drive (seicont is Ford Corcel, third is Ford Fiesta). Engines:

  • 1.2 litre: 1183 cc, 40 hp (29 kW), 123 km/h (77 mph)
  • 1.5 litre: 1498 cc, 50, 55 or 65 hp (37, 40 or 48 kW), 135, 139 or 144 km/h (84, 87 or 90 mph)

Body styles wur twa door sedan, fower door sedan, twa door coupé, twa door station wagon an sedan delivery.

Fowert generation 12M (P6) (1966–1970), 15M (P6) (1966–1970)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ford Taunus 12M P6
Ford Taunus 15M P6

New body, ingines an platform are continued. Again, the caur wi the bigger ingine is cawed 15M. Engines:

  • 12M 1.2 litre: 1183 cc, 45 hp (33 kW), 125 km/h (78 mph)
  • 12M 1.3 litre: 1305 cc, 50 or 53 hp (37 or 39 kW), 130 or 134 km/h (81 or 84 mph)
  • 15M 1.5 litre: 1498 cc, 55 or 65 hp (40 or 47 kW), 136 or 145 km/h (85 or 90 mph)
  • 15M 1.7 litre: 1699 cc, 70 or 75 hp (51 or 55 kW), 153 or 158 km/h (95 or 98 mph)

Body styles wur unchanged frae the P4.

In 1970, the P6 is replaced bi the Taunus TC (see below).

Bigger line: 17M, 20M, 26M[eedit | eedit soorce]

First generation 17M (P2) (1957–1960)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ford Taunus 17M P2

Growin prosperity in postwar Germany encouraged Ford tae affer a line o bigger an mair expensive caurs. The caur wis as lang as (though significantly narrower than) the Breetish Consul Mk2, but a different caur. It presentit a style similar tae American 1956 Fords, featurin substantial (at least bi European standards) tailfins. The transatlantic flamboyance o the caur's stylin gained it the soubriquet "Baroque Taunus". Unuisually for middle class German caurs o this period, it wis available wi either twa or fower doors.[2] The competition noticed, an frae 1959 it woud become possible tae buy an Opel Rekord wi fower doors.

The P2 uised a ohv ingine wi 1698 cc an 60 hp (44 kW). A maximum speed o 128 km/h (80 mph) wis quotit. A road test o the time commendit the smoothness o the three speed aw-synchromesh manual transmission seestem.[2]

Seicont generation 17M (P3) (1960–1964)[eedit | eedit soorce]

1961 Ford Taunus 17M P3

Completely new body in vera modern style. The leuk o the caur remindit some critics o a bath tub, an it consequently gained the soubriquet "Taunus Badewanne".[3] At a time when competitors boastit that aw fower corners o the vehicles wur visible frae the driver's seat, the new Taunus instead affered a streamlined form.[4] In Germany, housomeivver, the concept o streamlinin in caurs wis associatit wi narrow passenger cabins reminiscent o the 1930s an o the still popular Volksagen Beetle.[4] The new Taunus, housomeivver, providit greater interior width than its predecessor despite bein nae wider on the ootside.[4] Although the 1.7 litre version wis launcht wi the same 60 PS pouer ootput as the ootgoin model, the new model wis a full 10 km/h (6 mph) faster, which wis attributit tae improved aerodynamics an a lichter bodyshell.[4]

Three ingine sizes wur nou affered:

  • 1.5 litre: 1498 cc, 55 hp (40 kW), 136 km/h (85 mph)
  • 1.7 litre: 1698 cc, 60 or 65 hp (44 or 48 kW), 138 or 140 km/h (86 or 88 mph)
  • 1.8 litre: 1758 cc, 70 or 75 hp (51 or 55 kW), 148 or 154 km/h (92 or 96 mph).

A vera successful caur.

Third generation 17M (P5) (1964–1967), 20M (P5) (1964–1967)[eedit | eedit soorce]

1966 Ford Taunus 20M P5

New body, new ingines. 17M nou gets a V4 ingine:

  • 1.5 litre: 1498 cc, 60 hp (44 kW), 140 km/h (88 mph)
  • 1.7 litre: 1699 cc, 65 or 70 hp (48 or 51 kW), 145 or 150 km/h (91 or 94 mph).

New 20M gets a V6 ingine wi 1.8 litres an 82 hp, or 2.0 litres (1998 cc) an 85 or 90 hp (63 or 66 kW) wi a top speed o 158 or 161 km/h (99 or 101 mph). Again, a guid sellin caur.

Fowert generation 17M (P7) (1967–1968), 20M (P7) (1967–1968)[eedit | eedit soorce]

1968 Ford Taunus 20M P7 hardtop coupé

New body, ingines an platform are continued. Vera big, vera boxy, vera American. Rear lichts nae langer mountit at corners. Sportiest TS-model wi fake air scoop on bonnet an new bigger ingine. No the caur which European caur buyers desire. A complete failure.

The ingines o the 17M/20M P5 are continued wi ae ane addition on the top end. It is the

  • 20M 2.3 litre: 2293 cc, 108 hp (79 kW), 170 km/h (106 mph).

Fift generation 17M (P7.2) (1968–1971), 20M (P7.2) (1968–1971), 26M (1969–1971)[eedit | eedit soorce]

1969 Ford 20M XL P7.2

Shrinkin sales o the P7 are forcin Ford tae affer a restyled caur ae ane year later. Ford is so ashamed bi the failure o the last year's model that the new caur is again cawed P7. Here, tae avoid confusion, it is cawed P7.2, sometimes it is cawed P7b. The name "Taunus" nae langer used. 26M, introduced in 1969, is the top o the line version wi new bigger ingine (2.6 litres), bigger brakes, dual heidlicht, pouer steerin, an the maist luxurious trim level. The ingine programme is enlairged; nou there are twa base ingines (V4 an V6) in sax displacement sizes an nine pouer stages:

  • 17M 1.5 litre: 1498 cc, 60 hp (44 kW), 135 km/h (85 mph)
  • 17M 1.7 litre: 1699 cc, 65 or 75 hp (48 or 55 kW), 140 or 150 km/h (88 or 94 mph)
  • 17M 1.8 litre: 1812 cc, 82 hp (60 kW), 153 km/h (96 mph)
  • 20M 2.0 litre: 1998 cc, 85 or 90 hp (63 or 66 kW), 155 or 160 km/h (97 or 100 mph)
  • 20M 2.3 litre: 2293 cc, 108 or 125 hp (79 or 92 kW), 170 or 180 km/h (106 or 112 mph)
  • 20M 2.6 litre, 26M: 2550 cc, 125 hp (92 kW), 180 km/h (112 mph)

Please note: The 17M 1.8 litre uises a V6 ingine. The 2.6 litre ingine is optional on 20M, but standard on 26M.

Ford 20M RS[eedit | eedit soorce]
Ford 20M

Ford 20M RS Coupé made in Germany as a (2300 S) P7b an (2600) P7b. In the 1968 Lunnon-Sydney Marathon Ford uised three Ford 20M RS frae Germany an Belgium. In 1969 a Ford 20M RS wan the Safari an as well occasionally a Capri wis seen wi wirks involvement.

This is the last specifically German Ford. In early 1972, it is replaced bi the new Consul an Granada.

Taunus TC (1970–1976)[eedit | eedit soorce]

1970 - 1976 Ford Taunus Saloon (pre facelift)
1974 Ford Taunus Coupé

In 1970 a new Taunus, the Taunus TC, wis introduced, as a twa- or fower-door sedan, station wagon (or Turnier) an coupé. It wis vera similar tae the Breetish Ford Cortina Mk III but athoot the "coke bottle" belt line. An aa, the Taunus wis available as a coupe, a bodystyle that the Cortina wis niver made in.

Baith caurs wur developed unner the auspices o Ford o Europe, an maist major components includin key pairts o the bodyshell wur identical (TC means "Taunus Cortina", tae show the similarity o the caurs). Frae 1976 Taunus an Cortina models wur identical in aw but name, 'Taunus' being the name uised in left hand drive (LHD) markets, an 'Cortina' in richt hand drive anes, although the Cortina name wis uised in LHD Republic o Korea an Taiwan. The Mk III wis awso sauld in Scandinavie, alangside the Taunus.

The Ford Taunus TC series wis conceived in the late 1960s tae be a "warld caur" alangside its technical siblin the Cortina Mk III, wi construction an design wirk takin place on baith sides o the Atlantic. As wi the design o the first generation, it wis done unner the supervision o Semon "Bunkie" Knudsen, o umwhile General Motors fame. The caur is aften nicknamed "Barock 2" (pointin back tae the Taunus P2 series o the late 1950s, commonly kent as the "Barock-Taunus") or "The Knudsen Nose" bi its German awners acause o the pointy huid scoop that, as the legend haes it, wis put there on direct order frae Knudsen. Itherwise the major design wirk is rumoured tae hae been done bi German caur designer Luigi Colani, who an aa did design concepts for BMW's motorcycle division in the late 1970s.

Taunus Mark III (1976–1982/1994)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ford Taunus TC2 1976-1979
Ford Taunus TC3 1979-1982

As frae the 1976 model year the Taunus an Cortina wur essentially the same caurs, except for specification changes an trim levels. The Taunus TC alang wi the Cortina Mk III an their successors hae been produced in slichtly updatit forms in Europe, Argentinae an Asie (some Cortinas wur built unner license bi Korean automaker Hyundai) wi the last Turkish Otosan-Taunus leavin the factory in the mid-nineties. Housomeivver the major components remained basically the same through the entire production run ae receivin minor body chynges wi the biggest re-ingineerin in the 1979 model year, which involved a facelift (identical tae the Ford Cortina Mk5 update).

The Taunus/Cortina wis finally replaced bi the Sierra in late 1982. The Sierra carried ower the Cortina/Taunus OHC Pinto Ingines an RWD configuration but wis itherwise an aw new caur wi independent suspension aw roond.

The Taunus an Cortina models are vera easy tae service an share a lot o mechanical components wi the ither European Ford caurs o the period (excludin the Ford Fiesta), makin them extremely easy tae fix, although they are nou a rare sicht in even the markets whaur they wur maist popular. For example, the Breetish Cortinas o this generation sold more than 1,000,000 units, but little more than 2,000 wur in circulation bi 2006.

In 1982 production o the Taunus ceased in Europe; it wis replaced bi the Ford Sierra. Production continued in Argentinae till 1984, whaur a coupé version (effectively a twa-door saloon) remained in the line-up richt till the end (while in Germany the coupé wis dropt efter the 1975 facelift), an at Otosan in Turkey, whaur a restyled version o the last model continued in production till 1994.

Production in Argentinae[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Taunus wis produced in Argentinae frae 1974 up till the end o 1984, when the production assembly wis sauld tae Turkey tae manufacture the Otosan Taunus. The Otosan factory an aa came tae take ower the tools for manufacturin the previously Sooth African-built Cortina mk V-based Ford P100 pick-up truck, although buildin it wi their awn loadin bed wi foldable sides (reminiscent o the Peugeot U10) an its awn front end wi dual square heidlichts an a colourmatched grille. The Argentine models haed different ingines than the European versions, although the "Pinto" 2.0L OHC straight fower wis the base ingine. Options wur the North American 2.3L "Lima" ingine which wis derived frae the "Pinto" ingine but they differ in several specs. The biggest ingine available in the Argentine Taunus wis a updatit version o the auld Falcon straight sax-cylinder ingine.

Prior tae introduction the reborn "TC1" efter a year o road testin received improvements tae critical chassis components due tae the harsher roads o rural Argentinae an a lot o pairts wur re-selectit for ease o availability although maist o it still haed tae be importit frae European Ford plants. Ane o the maist significant technical differences is that the Argentine Taunus caurs uised Dana rear axles, as opposed tae the European Taunus an Cortinas that uised Atlas or Salisbury rear axles, individually dependin maistly on ingine size.

The Argentine models produced wur the "TC1" in 4-door saloon versions (2000L, 2000GXL an 2300GXL) or 2 door fastback coupè (2300GT an 2300GT/SP) frae 1974 tae 1980. The "TC2"/Cortina Mk 4 wis niver produced, switchin instead tae the "TC3"/Cortina Mk5 bodies directly an awso introducin the uniquely Argentine facelift-version o the fastback coupe wi the "TC3" nose an its awn taillichts ae foond on this version.

Baith saloon (2.0L, 2.3 Ghia an 2.3 Ghia S) an Coupè (2.3 GT, 2.3 SP an 2.3 SP5) wur produced, bein the ae coupè bodies iver made uisin the TC3/Mk5 stylin. Nae estates or 2 door saloon wur iver produced. 4 an 5 speed manual an 3 speed automatic transmissions wur available, the last twa ae on 2.3L-ingined models.

Even though the Taunus/Cortina is no a uisual sicht onymair in mony kintras wur it uised tae be a best-seller, it is indeed pretty common in Argentinae, whaur a number o Clubs keep the caurs in top condition, but it is an aa a regular transport wi mony families in the kintra.

Ford startit production o the Sierra in 1984, replacin the Taunus definitely in 1985 an continuin production till 1993, athoot iver updatin its stylin as Europe did.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Not und Spiele: Die 50er Jahre...". Auto Motor u. Sport. Heft 13 1996: Seite 58–65. date 14 June 1996. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Vor 20 Jahren (ie extracts from the same magazine of twenty years earlier)". Auto Motor u. Sport. Heft 25 1977: Seite 112. date 7 December 1977. 
  3. "Youngtimer". Auto-Occasion. Heft 2 1996: Pages 64–65. date March/April 1996. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Rueckblick (ie extracts from the same magazine of forty years earlier)". Auto Motor u. Sport. Heft 22 2000: Seite 268. date November 1000. 

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]

Preceded by:
Ford V8 G78
Ford Rheinland
Taunus 17M/20M/26M
(1957–1971)
Succeeded by:
Ford Granada
Preceded by:
Ford Eifel
Ford Köln
Taunus G73A/G93A
(1939–1951)
Taunus 12M/15M
(1952–1970)
Ford Taunus
(1970–1982)
Succeeded by:
Ford Sierra

Template:Early European Ford vehicles

Template:Ford RS series