The earliest presence o the Ford Company in Germany wis a pairts operation set up in Hamburg in 1912. It wis no till 1925 that an assembly plant wis constructit in Berlin where Model T trucks wur made frae importit parts. Caurs follaed in 1926.
In 1931 production moved tae a new plant in Cologne on a site made available bi the mayor o the ceety, Konrad Adenauer an an increasin proportion o the vehicles wis made in Germany rather than importit. The first caur aff the new production line wis the Model A joined in 1932 bi the Model B.
Sma caur manufacture startit in 1933 wi the Ford Köln, a year efter its Breetish launch as the Model Y, but it did no hae the same impact in Germany as it did in Breetain as it wis unnercut in price bi the sma Opel.
The Ford Rheinland wis a unique model for the German market made bi fittin a 3285 cc ingine intae a Model B V-8 chassis but maist products continued tae be Detroit designs albeit wi local names. The Eifel wis the German version o the 10 hp sold in Breetain as the Model C an this wis joined in 1939 bi the first o the lang runnin Taunus range.
The company wis re-organised in 1939 an changed its name tae Ford-Werke. Wi the ootbreak o war, caur production continued at first wi the Taunus being made till 1942 but increasingly military production took ower, buildin trucks an airmed personnel carriers for the German airmed forces. Maist notably wis the V3000 V-8 truck series. In spite o the hivy bombin o Cologne, the factory got aff relatively lichtlie an efter the war production wis able tae restart in Mey 1945 wi truck manufacture, the US government haein paid $1.1 million in consideration o bombin damage. Caur makin restartit in late 1948 wi the Taunus. Henry Ford II visitit the factory in 1948 durin his visit tae Germany when he wis considerin a purchase o Volkswagen, wi which he did no ultimately proceed.
In 1952 a new Taunus appeared an this haed much in common wi the Breetish Ford products an wis a great success enablin record production figures tae be reached. The company wis nou being run bi Ehrhart Vitger an he spent time recruitin new dealers tae replace those lost in East Germany but the company continued tae rank third in sales in Germany ahind VW an Opel.
The launch o the Ford Escort in 1968 markt the end o unique models in European kintras an follaed the creation o Ford Europe in 1967 frae the assets o the Breetish an German operations but the corporate entities continued for some time.
- Georgano, N. (2000). Beaulieu Encyclopedia of the Automobile.
Website (in German); http://www.ford.de/