Ford Model A (1903)
The original Ford Model A was the first car produced by Ford Motor Company, beginning production in 1903. Dr. Ernst Pfenning of Chicago, Illinois became the first owner of a Model A on July 23, 1903. 1,750 cars were made from 1903 through 1904. The Model A was replaced by the Ford Model C during 1904 with some sales overlap.
The car came as a two-seater runaboot or four-seater tonneau model wth the option to add a tap. The horizontal-muntit flat-2, situated at the amidships of the car, produced 8 hp (6 kW). A planetary transmission was fitted with two forward speeds and a reverse, a Ford signature later seen on the Ford Model T. The car weighed 1,240 lb (562 kg) and could reach a top speed of 28 mph (45 km/h). It had a 72 in (1.8 m) wheelbase and sold for a base price o US$750 (equivalent to $18100 today).. Options included a rear tonneau with two seats and a rear door for $100 (equivalent to $2413 the day), a rubber roof for $30 $30 (equivalent to $724 the day) or a leather roof for $50 (equivalent to $1207 the day)..
The company had spent almost its entire $28,000 (equivalent to $675733 today) initial investment funds with nearly $223.65 (equivalent to $5397 today) left in its bank accoont when the first Model A was sold. The success of this car model generated a profit for the Ford Motor Company, Henry Ford's first successful business.
Although Ford advertised the Model A as the "most reliable machine in the world", it suffered from many problems common to vehicles of the era, including overheating and slipping transmission bands. The Model A was sold in red by the factory, though some were later repainted in different colors.
Some 1904 Model A cars were equipped with the larger, more powerful engine of the Model C an were sold as the Model AC.
- David L. Lewis (2005). 100 Years of Ford. Publications International. pp. 16–17. ISBN 0-7853-7988-6.
- "Early Ford". Retrieved February 11, 2010.