Damanhur

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Damanhur (Arabic: دمنهورDamanhūr, Egyptian: Dmỉ-n-Ḥr.w, Coptic: Ⲧⲙⲉⲛϩⲱⲣ, Greek: Ἑρμοῦ πόλις μικρά Hermopolis Mikra) is a ceety in Lower Egypt, an the caipital o the Beheira Govrenorate. It is located 70 km (43 mi) sootheast o Cairo, an 70 km (43 mi) northwast o Alexandria, in the middle o the wastren Nile Delta.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

In Auncient Egyp, the ceety wis the caipital o Lawer Egyp's 7t Nome o A-ment. It stuid on the banks o a canal which connectit the lake Mareotis wi the Canopic or maist wasterly airm o the Nile. (Champollion, L'Egypte, vol. ii. p. 249). The ceety wis dedicatit tae the Auncient Egyptian god Horus. In Greek an Roman times, it wis cried Hermopolis Mikra or Hermopolis Parva, which wad an aa give it an association wi Hermes, the Egyptian Thoth. As Hermopolis, the ceety attractit the notice o numerous auncient geographers, includin Stephanus o Byzantium s. v., Strabo (xvii. p. 802), Ptolemy (iv. 5. § 46), an the author o the Antonine Itinerary (p. 154). It is a Roman Catholic titular see.

In 1986, the population o Damanhur wis 188,939. The richly-cultivatit Beheira province gives rise tae mainly agricultural industries which include cotton ginnin, potato processin, an date pickin. It an aa haes a mercat for cotton an rice.

Ahmed H. Zewail, who wan the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1999, wis born in Damanhur in 1946.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Damanhur (or Damanhour) wis kent in the auncient Egyptian scripts bi the name "Di Men Hor", which means the ceety o god Hor or Horus, on the grunds that it wis a center for the worship o this god. It wis an aa kent bi ither names: in the Egyptian texts an aa kent as "Behdet", in the Greek texts kent as the "Hermopolis Prva" which means the ceety Hermes Minor, an aa crieed "Obollenoboles" in regards tae the Greek god Apollo, an then they cried it "Tel Ballamon". Later, the Egyptians returned the oreeginal auld name, an pronoonce it "Temenhor", an efter the Islamic conquest they misrepresentit the name tae its name in Arabic which is nou kent as "Damanhur".

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Being locatit close tae the Nile Delta that gives Damanhur a Mediterranean climate. The ceety gets average precipitation durin winter, an rare rain durin ither saisons. Hail an frost are no unkent specifically durin winter.

Tomb o Yaakov Abuhatzeira[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun contains the tomb o Yaakov Abuhatzeira (1805–1880) a Moroccan Rabbi who dee'd here in 1880 while on a pilgrimage tae the Land o Israel. The steid is visitit each year bi hunders o devotees.[1] The tomb is an offeecial antiquity steid protectit bi the govrenment o Egyp.[2] Some Egyptians hae protestit against permittin Jews tae enter Egyp tae mak the annual pilgrimage tae Rabbi Abuhatzeira's tomb.[3][4]

Cultural references[eedit | eedit soorce]

Damanhur is the fictional hame o the character Nebamon in the beuk Rise of the Golden Cobra, bi Henry T. Aubin.

Damanhur name is uised bi the airtist eco-veelage in northren Italy.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Barak, David. Mubarak to allow Jewish pilgrims to visit famous rabbi's tomb, Haaretz, (December 30, 2009).
  2. Lipton, Edward P. (2002). Religious Freedom in the Near East, Northern Africa and the Former Soviet States. New York: Nova Publishers. p. 18. ISBN 9781590333907. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  3. Miller, David E. (28 December 2010). "Israeli pilgrims to Egyptian grave met with hostility" (Reprint). The Media Line. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  4. "Cairo Airport prepares for Israeli pilgrims". Al-Ahram. 26 December 2010. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 31°03′N 30°28′E / 31.050°N 30.467°E / 31.050; 30.467