Faiyum Govrenorate

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Faiyum Govrenorate on the map o Egyp

Faiyum Govrenorate (Arabic: ‏محافظة الفيومMuḥāfaẓat al Fayyūm) is ane o the govrenorates o Egyp in the middle o the kintra. Its caipital is the ceety o Faiyum, locatit aboot 81 mi (130 km) sooth wast o Cairo. It haes a population o 2,512,792 (2006).[1]

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

pA-y-m (Faiyum)
in hieroglyphs
pA A i i G20 n
n
n
N36

The name Faiyum comes frae Coptic 'Ⲫⲓⲟⲙ /Ⲡⲉⲓⲟⲙ efiom/peiom (whence the proper name Ⲡⲁⲓⲟⲙ payoum), meanin the Sea or the Lake, which in turn comes frae late Egyptian pA y-m o the same meanin, a reference tae the nearbi Lake Moeris.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

The govrenorate o Faiyum includes:

  • The large fertile Faiyum Oasis, which comprises fermland, Lake Moeris, an some ceeties.
  • Sooth o the Faiyum Oasis, a smawer depression contains the toun o El Gharaq el Sulţāni. It is an aa irrigatit frae the Nile.
  • A dry barren depression named Wadi Elrayan, which covers 280 mi² (725 km²), wast o the El Gharaq el Sulţāni depression.
  • Desert an dry muntains, which maistly surroond the depressions.

Ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. [1]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

 This airticle incorporates text fae a publication nou in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11t ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Coordinates: 29°21′48″N 30°44′45″E / 29.36333°N 30.74583°E / 29.36333; 30.74583