In 1999, its population wis approximately 279,000. It is built on a branch o the Fresh Water or Ismaïlia Canal an on al-Muˤizz Canal (the auncient Tanitic channel o the Nile), an is 47 miles bi rail north-northeast o Cairo. Situatit on the Nile Delta in the midst o a fertile destrict, Zagazig is a centre o the cotton an grain trade o Egyp. It haes lairge cotton factories an uised tae hae offices o numerous European merchants.
It is locatit on the Muweis Canal an is the chief center o the corn an cotton trade. There is a sma museum crid the Orabi Museum that contains some interestin airchaeological exhibits.
Zagazig University, ane o the lairgest universities in Egyp, is an aa locatit in the ceety, wi colleges in different fields o science an airts. Also there is a branch for Al-Azhar University, the lairgest Islamic university in the warld.
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The ruins o the Auncient Egyptian ceety o Bubastis are locatit 3 km sootheast o toun. Bubastis wis the auncient caipital o the 18t nome, an is hame tae the feast celebratin the cat-goddess Bastet. Bubastis is the Greek name o the Egyptian Per-Bastet. Bubastis became the caipital o Egyp in the 22nt an 23rd Dynasties. There are remains o the temples built bi Osorkon II an Nectanebo II. Catacombs whaur the sacred cats wur buried are locatit ahint an Auld Kinrick chapel remains that are frae the period o Pepi I. The name Zaqaziq comes frae a pouerful Yemeni tribe, the Sakasic, a Himyarite, Yemeni tribe that settled Northren Egyp aroond 3rd century AD. They settled in the auncient Egyptian toun o Bubastis in Egyp givin it its modren name Zaqaziq efter the name o their tribe.
Notable fowk frae Zagazig 
- Salama Moussa, Coptic Egyptian journalist, philosopher an social critic
- Ahmed Orabi, colonel who led the revolt against the Breetish in 1882.
- John Traicos - Test Cricketer who representit Zimbabwe an Sooth Africae frae the 1970s tae the early '90s.
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Freemit airtins 
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). "Zagazig". Encyclopædia Britannica (11t ed.). Cambridge University Press.