Table o contents
Geography an economy
It is locatit 48 km (30 mins) north o Cairo, locatit on the east bank o the Damietta Branch o the Nile River in the rich fermland o the soothren pairt o the river's delta. Well-irrigatit bi canals leadin aff the Delta Barrage, a dam 30 km (20 min) upstream, the surroondin fermland produces wheat an lang-staple cotton. Syne auncient times, Banha haes been kent for the production o attar o roses, an ingredient in perfume. The day it is the center o Egyp's electronics industry. Banha is a major junction in the rail netwirk that radiates north frae Cairo an it haes the 6t biggest train station in Egyp.
The north o Banha is the site o ane o several auncient ceeties cried Athribis, the caipital o the tenth nome (province) o Lawer Egyp in aboot 1500 BC. The site haes niver been seestematically investigatit bi airchaeologists. Ower the years, peasants diggin in the aurie hae uncovered a lairge hoard o siller. Aboot 20 km (12 mi) soothwast o Banha is Tall al Yahudiya, the site o Leontopolis, famed for its glazed tiles in auncient times. Population is aroond 2,479,347. (2005) an Total Aurie is 16,105 km².
Banha University wis established in November 1976 as a branch o Zakazig University in the govrenorate. It became an independent University in 2005 incorporatin several facilities an depairtments wi aroond 60,500 graduates per annum. The Faculty o Medicine is notable for research an management o 2 main hospitals in Banha.
Dountoun Banha is famous for the first fully-awned Egyptian apothecary which wis foondit in 1907 bi Dr. Ahmed M. ElNayeb. The significance o this Pharmacy is due that in the late 19t century an early 20t century, amaist aw pharmacies wur awned bi foreigners-mainly frae the Greek minority. The day there are currently 5 Drug stores that are awned an managed bi descendants o ElNayeb family namely Dr. Nabil A. ElNayeb an Dr. Magdy A. ElNayeb, the latter inheritin the first oreeginal store frae his grandfaither. (Picture frae the Archive: )
Banha consists o several destricts : El-Vilal, Banha El-Gedida (New Banha), Attrib, El-Manshia, El-Shedia , Wist elbalad (Dountoun Aurie), Elharas elwatany, Manshit elnour an Hay El-zehour (Flouers Suburb).