Chișinău

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Chișinău
The "Gates of Chișinău", as seen when enterin the ceety frae the direction o the Chișinău airport

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Chișinău is located in Moldova
Chișinău
Chișinău
Location o Chișinău in Moldovae
Coordinates: 47°0′00″N 28°55′00″E / 47.00000°N 28.91667°E / 47.00000; 28.91667Coordinates: 47°0′00″N 28°55′00″E / 47.00000°N 28.91667°E / 47.00000; 28.91667
Kintra  Moldovae
Foondit 1436
Government
 • Mayor Dorin Chirtoacă, syne 2007
Area
 • City 571 km2 (220 sq mi)
Elevation 85 m (279 ft)
Population (1 January 2012)[1]
 • City 1,129,300
 • Density 1,392.3/km2 (3,606/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,211,800
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code MD-20xx
Area code(s) +373 22
Website www.chisinau.md

Chişinău (Romanie pronunciation: [kiʃiˈnəw]; or Kishinev (afore 1991), Roushie: Кишинёв‎, Kishinyov) is the caipital an lairgest municipality o Moldovae. It is an aa its main industrial an commercial centre an is locatit in the middle o the kintra, on the river Bîc. The population o the ceety is 592,900 (2007) that grows tae 911,400 in the hale metropolitan aurie.

Chişinău is the maist economically prosperous locality in Moldovae, an its lairgest transportation hub. As the maist economically an socially important municipality in Moldovae, the ceety haes a braid reenge o eddicational facilities.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae ae version, the name comes frae the archaic Romane wird chişla (meanin "spring", "soorce o watter") an nouă ("new"), acause it wis biggit aroond a sma spring. Nouadays, the spring is locatit at the corner o Pushkin an Albişoara streets.[2]

Ae alternative version, bi Stefan Ciobanu, Romanie historian an academician, haulds it, that the name wis formed the same wey as the name o Chişineu (alternative spellin: Chişinău) in Wastren Romanie, naur the mairch wi Hungary. Its Hungarian name is Kisjenő, frae whilk the Romanie name oreeginates.[3] Kisjenő in turn comes frae kis "sma" + the "Jenő" tribe, ane o the seiven Hungarian tribes that entered the Carpathian Basin in 896 an gied the name o 21 settlements.[4]

Chişinău is an aa kent in Roushie as Кишинёв (Kishinyov). It is written Kişinöv in the Latin Gagauz alphabet. It wis an aa written as "Кишинэу" in the Moldovan Cyrillic alphabet in Soviet times. Historically, the Inglis leid name for the ceety, "Kishinev", wis based on the modifee'd Roushie ane acause it entered the Inglis leid via Roushie at the time Chişinău wis pairt o the Roushie Empire (e.g. Kishinev pogrom). Therefore, it remains a common Inglis name in some historical contexts. Itherweys, housomeivver, the Romanie-based "Chişinău" haes been steadily gainin braider uiss, especially in written leid.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns - Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Chişinău is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Preliminary number of resident population in the Republic of Moldova as of January 1, 2012" (Press release). National Bureau of Statistics of Moldova. 8 February 2012. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  2. (Romanie) History o Chişinău on Kishinev.info, Retrieved on 2008-10-12
  3. (Romanie) Istoria Orasului
  4. [1] (Hungarian)
  5. "Ankara Metropolitan Municipality: Sister Cities of Ankara". © 2007 Ankara Büyükşehir Belediyesi - Tüm Hakları Saklıdır. Kullanım Koşulları & Gizlilik. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  6. Jérôme Steffenino, Marguerite Masson. "Ville de Grenoble - Coopérations et villes jumelles". Grenoble.fr. Archived from the original on 2007-10-14. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  7. designatit bi Sister Cities International
  8. "Tel Aviv sister cities" (in Hebrew). Tel Aviv-Yafo Municipality. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  9. "Yerevan Municipality - Sister Cities". © 2005—2009 www.yerevan.am. Retrieved 2009-06-22.