Iași

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Iași
Ceety
Frae top left: Palace o Cultur, Vasile Alecsandri Statue in front o the National Theatre, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Golia Tower, Metropolitan Cathedral, an the Botanical Garden

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): The Cultural Caipital o Romanie, The Ceety o Great Loves, The Ceety o the Famous Destinies, The Ceety o Great Ideas, The Ceety o the Three Unions, The Ceety on Seiven Hills[1][2][3][4]
Iași is located in Romania
Iași
Iași
Location o Iași athin Romanie (in red)
Coordinates: 47°09′25″N 27°35′25″E / 47.15694°N 27.59028°E / 47.15694; 27.59028
Kintra Banner o Romanie Romanie
Coonty Iași Coonty
Status Municipality
Foondit 1408 (first offeecial record)
Government
 • Mayor Gheorghe Nichita (Social Democrat Pairty (Romanie))
Area
 • Ceety 93.9 km2 (36.3 sq mi)
 • Metro 808 km2 (312 sq mi)
Population (2011 census[5])
 • Ceety 263,410
 • Density 2,805/km2 (7,260/sq mi)
 • Metro 349,992
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 700xxx
Area code(s) +40 x32
Caur Plates IS
Website www.primaria-iasi.ro

Iaşi (Romanie pronunciation: [ˈjaʃʲ]) (historically referred tae as Jassy or Iassy an aw), is the seicont lairgest ceety (accordin tae the last census) an a municipality in Romanie. Locatit in the historical Moldavie region, Iaşi haes tradeetionally been ane o the leadin centres o Romanie social, cultural, academic and artistic life. The ceety wis the caipital o the Principality o Moldavie frae 1564 tae 1859, then o the Unitit Principalities frae 1859 tae 1862 an the caipital o Romanie frae 1916 tae 1918.

Kent as The Cultural Caipital o Romanie, Iaşi is a seembol in Romanie history. The historian Nicolae Iorga said "Thare shoud be nae Romanie who does no ken o it".[6]

Still referred tae as The Moldavie Caipital,[7] Iaşi is the seat o Iaşi Coonty an the main economic centre o the Romanie region o Moldavie. The social an cultural life revolves aroond the Vasile Alecsandri Naitional Theater (the auldest in Romanie), the Moldova State Philharmonic, the Opera House, the Tătăraşi Athenaeum, a famous Botanical Garden (the auldest an lairgest in Romanie), the Central University Library (the auldest in Romanie), the heich quality cultural centres an festivals, an array o museums, memorial hooses, releegious an historical monuments.

Etymology an names[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety is historically referred tae as:

Scholars hae different theories on the oreegin o the name "Iaşi".[8] Some argue that the name oreeginates wi the Sarmatian tribe Iazyges (o Iranian oreegin), ane mentioned bi Ovid as "Ipse vides onerata ferox ut ducata Iasyx/ Per media Istri plaustra bubulcus aquas" an "Iazyges et Colchi Metereaque turba Getaque/ Danubii mediis vix prohibentur aquis".

A nou lost inscription on a Roman milestane[9] foond near Osijek, Croatie bi Matija Petar Katančić in the 18t century, mentions the existence o a Jassiorum municipium,[10] or Municipium Dacorum-Iassiorum frae ither sources.[11]

Anither explanation is that the name oreeginatit frae the Iranian Alanic tribe o Jassi. The Hungarian name o the ceety (Jászvásár) literally means "Jassic Mercat"; the antiquatit Romanian name, Târgul Ieşilor (an the ance-favoured Iaşii), mey indicate the same meanin.

Oral sources say that the name mey come frae an airchaic form o the Romanian wird "tae exit" acause the ceety wis an important trade node in the region.[citation needit]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Iaşi is twinned wi:

Jericho, Palestinian Authority (2003)

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]