Brest, Belaroushie

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Brest (Belaroushie: Брэст; Roushie: Брест‎; see also alternative names), an aa Brest-on-the-Bug ("Brześć nad Bugiem" in Pols) an Brest-Litovsk ("Brześć Litewski" in Pols), is a ceety (population 310,800 in 2010) in Belaroushie at the border wi Poland opposite the ceety o Terespol, whaur the Wastren Bug an Mukhavets rivers meet. It is the caipital ceety o the Brest Voblast.

Being situatit on the main railway line connectin Berlin an Moscow, an an intercontinental hieway (the European route E30), Brest became a principal border crossin syne Warld War II in Soviet times. Today it links the European Union an the Commonweel o Independent States.

Acause o the break-o-gauge at Brest, whaur the Roushie braid gauge meets the European staundart gauge, aw passenger trains, comin frae Poland, must hae thair bogies replaced here, for tae travel on athort Belaroushie, an the freight must be transloaded frae caurs o ane gauge tae caurs o anither. Some o the laund in the Brest rail yards remains contaminatit as a result o the transshipment o radioactive materials here syne Soviet days awtho cleanup operations hae been takin place.

Ceety name[eedit | eedit soorce]

There are several theories o the ceety name oreegin. The maist common are as follaes,

  • the name o the ceety comes frae the Slavic root beresta meanin birch, bark,
  • the name o the ceety comes frae the Slavic root berest meanin elm,
  • the name o the ceety comes frae the Lithuanian wird brasta meanin ford.[1]

Once a centre of Jewish scholarship, the city's name in Yiddish, is בריסק ("Brisk"), hence the term "Brisker" used to describe followers of the influential Soloveitchik family of rabbis.

Coat of arms[eedit | eedit soorce]

The coat of arms features an arrow pointed upwards and a bow on a sky blue shield.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Brest is twinned wi:[2]

   

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Encyclopedia Lituanica. Boston, Massachusetts, Vol. I, p.409. LCC74-114275
  2. "Побратимские связи г. Бреста". city.brest.by (in Russian). Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  3. "Офіційний сайт міста Івано-Франківська". mvk.if.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 7 March 2010.