Somali Sea

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Somali Sea
<span class="nickname" lang="Badda Soomaaliyeed
Seychellois Creole: La lanmer Somali">Somali: Badda Soomaaliyeed
; Seychellois Creole: La lanmer Somali
Horn of africa.jpg
The Somali Sea, between the eastern Somali coast and Seychelles.
LocationBetween Mozambique Channel and Guardafui Channel
Coordinates11°49′N 51°15′E / 11.817°N 51.250°E / 11.817; 51.250
TeepSea
Pairt oIndian Ocean
Basin kintrasSomalia
Seychelles
Salinity35.3 ‰
Max. temperatur26 °C (78 °F)
Min. temperatur14 °C (57 °F)
IslandsCoëtivy Island, Jasiirada Chovaye, Jasiirada Chula, Jasiirada Koyama, Mahé, Seychelles
SettlementsVictoria, Seychelles
Kismayo, Jubaland
Beau Vallon, Seychelles
Takamaka, Seychelles
Barawa, South West
Adale, Hirshabelle
Hobyo, Galmudug
Garacad, Puntland

The Somali Sea (Somali: Badda Soomaaliyeed, Arabic: بحر الصومال‎: Seychellois Creole: La lanmer Somali) is a marginal sea atween the eastren coast of Somalia and Seychelles. It shares borders wi the entire coastlines o the Somali regional states of Galmudug, Hirshabelle, South West, Jubaland, pairt of Puntland as well as the Mahe island of Seychelles and ither Seychellois islands sic as La Digue and Curieuse.

Scope[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Somali Sea is bordered on the wast bi Somalia's eastren coastline, tae the north bi the Guardafui Channel which begins alang the projection of Ras Hafun and its parallel of latitude, tae the east bi the eastren mairch o the tectonic Somali Plate or alang 55th 28′E meridian east alang Seychelles' Mahe island, an bordered tae the sooth bi Somalia's equidistant line maritime border.[1][2]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Somali Sea haes been referred tae bi numerous names throughout history, includin "Azania Sea" and "Erythraean Sea".[3] The soothren flanks facing the Mozambique Channel wis historically referred tae as "Zanj Sea".[4]

The 2000s and 2010s war turbulent decades for the fisherman who maks a livin alang the coast o the Somali Sea. This wis acause o the illegal fishing activities of foreign fishing trawlers and fishing vessels who stole on average $300 million worth of fish each year accordin tae a UN report.[5] The participation of Somali Admiral Farah Omar Ahmed wi his coast guard boats in the coastal region during the years atween 2012 and 2014 war a major factor in dislodging Al-Shabaab frae the Jubaland region.[6] Admiral Ufurow, a commander o the Somali Navy wis assigned tae deal wi the dumping of toxic waste as well as illegal fishing bi foreign nations that wis occurring in the Somali Sea.[7] The subsequent commander Olujog, who wis inaugurated in 2018, wis tasked wi preventin tred bi al-Shabaab, an disrupting thair economic viability bi securing the coastline.[8]

As o the 2010s, thare hae been increasin reports of Gulf Arab states sic as the UAE and Qatar bein engaged in a power struggle for access tae ports in the Somali Sea. Due tae insurance costs against piracy, navigation throu Somali Sea waters bi trading and commercial vessels hae some o the heichest costs in the warld.[9] In 2014, Somalia's govrenment sued Kenyae for violating its maritime borders and engaging what is purports tae be illegal drilling activities in the Exclusive economic zone of Somalia; the next year, Mogadishu teuk the case tae the Internaitional Court of Juistice.[10]

Islands[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Somali Sea contains the follaein islands:

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ecology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The central region o the Somali Sea haes a 250 kilometer stretch o a luminous phenomenon whereby lairge auries of seawater appears tae glow brightly eneuch at nicht tae be seen bi satellites which some scientists hae attributed tae bioluminescent bacteria or dinoflagellates, causin the sea tae uniformly display a licht blue glow at nicht.[11]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. McLaughlin, Rob. "The Continuing Conundrum of the Somali Territorial Sea and Exclusive Economic Zone." The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law 30.2 (2015): 305-334.
  2. Xasan-roodhiile, Abwaan Sacad Axmed. "TOOYASHO IYO TOOGOBEEL." Bildhaan: An International Journal of Somali Studies 15.1 (2016): 6.
  3. Kirwan, Lawrence P. "Rhapta, metropolis of Azania." AZANIA: Journal of the British Institute in Eastern Africa 21.1 (1986): 99-104.
  4. Chittick, Neville. "Mediaeval Mogadishu." Paideuma (1982): 45-62.
  5. http://www.geeskaafrika.com/27911/the-impact-of-somali-fishermen-on-indian-ocean-rim/
  6. Farah, Qasim Hersi. "The Stability/Sustainability Dynamics: The Case of Marine Environmental Management in Somalia." (2016).
  7. https://neptunep2pgroup.com/somalia-somali-navy-vows-to-eradicate-illegal-fishing-commander/
  8. Nyman, Elizabeth. "Techno-optimism and ocean governance: New trends in maritime monitoring." Marine Policy 99 (2019): 30-33.
  9. Kabandula, Abigail, and Timothy M. Shaw. "Security and Development in the Horn of Africa: Emerging Powers, and Competing Regionalisms." (2018).
  10. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-33505310
  11. Lapota, David, et al. Observations and measurements of planktonic bioluminescence in and around a milky sea. NAVAL OCEAN SYSTEMS CENTER SAN DIEGO CA, 1988.